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Deep-Sea taxon details

Trypanosyllis Claparède, 1864

129681  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129681)

accepted
Genus
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Claparède, Édouard. (1864). Glanures zootomiques parmi les annélides de Port-Vendres (Pyrénées Orientales). <em>Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève.</em> 17(2): 463-600, plates I-VIII., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1972
page(s): 558 [details]   
Note Type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii...  
From editor or global species database
Type species Type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparède, 1864, by monotypy. [details]
Etymology Not stated. The generic name Trypanosyllis is composed by the prefix trypano-, derived from the Latin word trypanon and...  
Etymology Not stated. The generic name Trypanosyllis is composed by the prefix trypano-, derived from the Latin word trypanon and meaning 'trepan' (a boring tool consisting of a shaft with a cylindrical toothed blade at one end and a handle normally perpendicular to the shaft at the other and used to drill circular holes in different materials), and Syllis, the name of the type genus of the family Syllidae, and seems to refer to the anterior end of the pharynx being armed with a circle of teeth, resembling a trepan.  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Trypanosyllis Claparède, 1864. Accessed through: Glover, A.G., Higgs, N., Horton, T. (2018) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/DeepSea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129681 on 2020-02-22
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2020). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Trypanosyllis Claparède, 1864. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129681 on 2020-02-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-01-25 15:50:31Z
changed
2006-07-13 10:07:35Z
changed
2007-03-29 10:21:37Z
checked
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2015-12-04 17:09:27Z
changed
2016-05-30 10:07:57Z
changed

original description Claparède, Édouard. (1864). Glanures zootomiques parmi les annélides de Port-Vendres (Pyrénées Orientales). <em>Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d'Histoire Naturelle de Genève.</em> 17(2): 463-600, plates I-VIII., available online at https://doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.1972
page(s): 558 [details]   

taxonomy source Álvarez-Campos, Patricia; Giribet, Gonzalo; San Martín, Guillermo; Rouse, Greg W.; Riesgo, Ana. (2017). Straightening the striped chaos: systematics and evolution of <i>Trypanosyllis</i> and the case of its pseudocryptic type species <i>Trypanosyllis krohnii</i> (Annelida, Syllidae). <em>Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society.</em> 179(3): 492–540., available online at https://academic.oup.com/zoolinnean/article/doi/10.1111/zoj.12443/3058147/Straightening-the-striped-chaos-systematics-and [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Fauvel, P. (1923). Polychètes errantes. Faune de France. <em>Librairie de la Faculte des Sciences. Paris.</em> 5: 1-488., available online at http://www.faunedefrance.org/  [details]   

additional source Langerhans, Paul. (1879). Die Wurmfauna von Madeira [part I]. <em>Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 32(4): 513-592, plates XXXI-XXXIII., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45240780#page/581/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. <em>In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid.</em> p 1-554. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Claparède (1864: 558): ''Syllidés à lobes frontaux très-saillants, séparés sur toute leur longueur. Pharynx rectiligne, armé à son bord antérieur d'un cercle de dentelures comme un trépan. Antennes, au nombre de trois, cirres tentaculaires et cirres dorsaux moniliformes. Cirres ventraux pinniformes. Reproduction par génération alternante. Individus sexués semblables à ceux des Syllis.'' [details]

Editor's comment The type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii. This has always been true as it is a type by monotypy, and thus no other possible candidate for type exists, and a subsequent designation from all originally included species (one) is clearly not needed. It is not possible for T. zebra for example to be considered as the type species, but nevertheless its name may appear as type in loose usages in past literature simply because it was then the senior synonym of T. krohnii, and the two entities were thus not considered different. Álvarez-Campos, Giribet, San Martín, Rouse & Riesgo (2017: 492, 522) stated that they were newly clarifying the situation regarding T. zebra versus T. krohnii as type, because "Many years later Hartman (1959) designed [sic] Trypanosyllis zebra as the type species of the genus by subsequent designation (ICZN, article 69.1), and since then all the authors except Day (1967) considered this designation as valid [...] Our study found that Hartman’s designation is in fact not valid ...". However, Article 69 does not apply here. It is true that Hartman wrongly stated the type species, but the Hartman Catalogue cannot be considered as subsequently designating T. zebra as Trypanosyllis type species, because T. zebra was not an originally included species in the genus (Art. 68) and the type is already fixed by monotypy (Art. 68.3) to be T. krohnii. Day (1967) more exactly presented the type species as "Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparede, 1864 (= Syllis zebra Grube, 1860)". Other authors may have understood this also but were less rigorous in their presentation or they may have simply copied the type from Hartman's listing [G. Read, March, 2017] [details]

Etymology Not stated. The generic name Trypanosyllis is composed by the prefix trypano-, derived from the Latin word trypanon and meaning 'trepan' (a boring tool consisting of a shaft with a cylindrical toothed blade at one end and a handle normally perpendicular to the shaft at the other and used to drill circular holes in different materials), and Syllis, the name of the type genus of the family Syllidae, and seems to refer to the anterior end of the pharynx being armed with a circle of teeth, resembling a trepan.  [details]

Type species Type species is Trypanosyllis krohnii Claparède, 1864, by monotypy. [details]
 



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