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Deep-Sea taxon details

Eunereis longissima (Johnston, 1840)

130375  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130375)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Nereis longissima Johnston, 1840) Johnston, G. (1840). Miscellanea Zoologica. [Continued from vol. iv. p. 375.] Contributions towards a history of Irish Annelids (1). <em>Annals of Natural History; or, Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology.</em> 5: 168-179, 9 text-figures., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2248020
page(s): 178-179, fig. 9 [details]   
Type locality contained in Irish Exclusive economic Zone  
type locality contained in Irish Exclusive economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Description The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach a length of up to 50 cm, although only smaller specimens with a maximum...  
Description The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach a length of up to 50 cm, although only smaller specimens with a maximum length of 20cm have been found on the Belgian part of the North Sea. The striking head structures with tentacles, palps, antennae and four eyes are characteristic. Living specimens have a red to iridescent dark brown colour. [details]

Distribution With only eight observations and a maximum density of 16 ind./m2 Eunereis longissima was a rare phenomenon in the entire...  
Distribution With only eight observations and a maximum density of 16 ind./m2 Eunereis longissima was a rare phenomenon in the entire near-coastal zone in the 1976-1986 period. In the 1994-2001 period the number of observations increased and densities up to 100 ind./m2 were noted. The species still mainly occurred near the coast, but clearly avoided the eastern coastal zone. [details]

Distribution N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of the Wadden Sea and the Delta area down to a depth of 50 m in the Oyster...  
Distribution N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of the Wadden Sea and the Delta area down to a depth of 50 m in the Oyster Ground, where it is quite abundant. In the offshore part of the Southern Bight N. longissima is almost absent. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Eunereis longissima (Johnston, 1840). Accessed through: Glover, A.G., Higgs, N., Horton, T. (2019) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130375 on 2019-10-16
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2019). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Eunereis longissima (Johnston, 1840). Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130375 on 2019-10-16
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-05-13 18:03:36Z
changed

original description  (of Nereis longissima Johnston, 1840) Johnston, G. (1840). Miscellanea Zoologica. [Continued from vol. iv. p. 375.] Contributions towards a history of Irish Annelids (1). <em>Annals of Natural History; or, Magazine of Zoology, Botany, and Geology.</em> 5: 168-179, 9 text-figures., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2248020
page(s): 178-179, fig. 9 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (BeRMS 2020) Bio-environmental research group; Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries research (ILVO), Belgium; (2015): Macrobenthos monitoring in function of the Water Framework Directive in the period 2007-2009. [details]   

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Ehlers, E. H. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. <em>Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.</em> 2: 269-748, plates XII-XXIV., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Capitellidae and Nereidae (marine annelids) from the Gulf side of Florida with a review of freshwater Nereidae. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science of the Gulf and Caribbean.</em> 9(2): 153-168., available online at http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/umrsmas/bullmar/1959/00000009/00000002/art00002 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

redescription Bakken, Torkild; Wilson, Robin S. (2005). Phylogeny of nereidids (Polychaeta, Nereididae) with paragnaths. <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 34(5): 507-547., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.2005.00200.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

new combination reference Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1865). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part two of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(2): 181-192., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339457
page(s): 183 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Biology Sexually ripe specimens have been observed in April and May. Most probably the larvae have a planktonic development. E. longissima lives in burrows. When conditions become unfavourable it will rapidly and repeatedly move and set up a new tube at other locations. E. longissima is mainly a non-selective deposit feeder, feeding on algae and dead animals. The species itself is eaten by flatfish (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979). [details]

Description The bristle worm Eunereis longissima can reach a length of up to 50 cm, although only smaller specimens with a maximum length of 20cm have been found on the Belgian part of the North Sea. The striking head structures with tentacles, palps, antennae and four eyes are characteristic. Living specimens have a red to iridescent dark brown colour. [details]

Distribution With only eight observations and a maximum density of 16 ind./m2 Eunereis longissima was a rare phenomenon in the entire near-coastal zone in the 1976-1986 period. In the 1994-2001 period the number of observations increased and densities up to 100 ind./m2 were noted. The species still mainly occurred near the coast, but clearly avoided the eastern coastal zone. [details]

Distribution N. longissima occurs from the subtidal zone of the Wadden Sea and the Delta area down to a depth of 50 m in the Oyster Ground, where it is quite abundant. In the offshore part of the Southern Bight N. longissima is almost absent. [details]

Habitat Eunereis longissima is typically found in sediments with a median grain size of 100 to 250 μm. The species has a broad mud content tolerance but tends to prefer (relative occurrence: > 50%) sediments with a mud content of 10-20%. [details]

Habitat Its density distribution suggests a preference for substrates with an admixture of mud. [details]

Morphology A species with a long, rather flattened body of up to 150 mm in length, with over 200 segments. The head is conical, truncate, with two frontal antennae, two biarticulate palps and four relatively small eyes. The first segments bears four pairs of cirri. Like all nereids, the species has an eversible proboscis and two terminal jaws. The small number of teeth on the proboscis are characteristic for this species. The body segments are rather uniform, with prominent, powerful parapodia bearing distinct lamellae. lt is blue-grey, reddish or pinkish in colour (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Hayward & Ryland, 1990). [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch zager  [details]
French néreis  [details]
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