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Deep-Sea taxon details

Polycirrus arcticus Sars, 1865

131523  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131523)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Sars, Michael. (1865). Fortsatte Bidrag til Kundskaben om Norges Annelider. <em>Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania.</em> 1864: 5-20., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/44007149
page(s): 14-16 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Note Described based on specimens from two...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Described based on specimens from two localities: a) Vadsø, Finmark, Norway, Barents Sea, Arctic Ocean (gazetteer estimate 70.05°, 29.75°); b) Tromø, Troms, Norway, Norwegian Sea, North Atlantic (gazetteer estimate 69.651°, 18.965°). Glasby & Hutchings (2014: 22-24) refer only the existence of syntypes from Vadsø (Finmark). [details]
Depth range 73-183 m.  
Depth range 73-183 m. [details]

Distribution North Atlantic Ocean: Norwegian Sea. Arctic Ocean: Barents Sea.  
Distribution North Atlantic Ocean: Norwegian Sea. Arctic Ocean: Barents Sea. [details]

Etymology Not stated. The specific epithet arcticus refers presumably to the finding of the species in the Arctic Ocean.   
Etymology Not stated. The specific epithet arcticus refers presumably to the finding of the species in the Arctic Ocean.  [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Polycirrus arcticus Sars, 1865. Accessed through: Glover, A.G., Higgs, N., Horton, T. (2018) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131523 on 2019-05-22
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2019). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Polycirrus arcticus Sars, 1865. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131523 on 2019-05-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

original description Sars, Michael. (1865). Fortsatte Bidrag til Kundskaben om Norges Annelider. <em>Forhandlinger i Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiania.</em> 1864: 5-20., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/44007149
page(s): 14-16 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source de Kluijver, M. J.; Ingalsuo, S. S.; de Bruyne, R. H. (2000). Macrobenthos of the North Sea [CD-ROM]: 1. Keys to Mollusca and Brachiopoda. <em>World Biodiversity Database CD-ROM Series. Expert Center for Taxonomic Identification (ETI): Amsterdam, The Netherlands. ISBN 3-540-14706-3. 1 cd-rom.</em> (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Syntype UZMO C3204, geounit Vadso [details]
From editor or global species database
Depth range 73-183 m. [details]

Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Sars (1865: 16): "Corpus subcylindricum, dorso fornicato, ventre subplano, ante medium paulo inflatum, posteriora versus sensim attenuatum, pallide flavum, segmentis 46—47. Lobus cephalicus labium semicirculatum, segmento buccali duplo latius, margine incrassato, saepe flexuoso, sulco exarato, in qvo tentacula maxime numerosa, comam magnam componentia, affixa sunt. — Anterior corporis pars e segmentis 18—19 composita, anticis brevissimis, posterioribus sensim longioribus (ultimis 1/2 fere latioribus qvam longis): primo (segmento buccali) nudo, ceteris 17—18 tuberculis utrinqve monostichis minutis, mammilliformibus seu conicis, setas capillares gerentibus; toris uncinigeris nullis. Venter laevis, scuta ventralia parum distincta, media, angusta. — Posterior corporis pars e segmentis 28 composita, biannulis, anterioribus longioribus (parum latioribus qvam longis), posterioribus brevioribus, omnibus ultimo excepto utrinqve uncinos gerentibus minimos aviculares (breves, hamatos), seriem simplicem componentes, in toris haud prominentibus positos. Segmentum postremum dorso obliqve truncatum, ano dorsali, cirris analibus nullis." [details]

Distribution North Atlantic Ocean: Norwegian Sea. Arctic Ocean: Barents Sea. [details]

Etymology Not stated. The specific epithet arcticus refers presumably to the finding of the species in the Arctic Ocean.  [details]

Habitat Soft clay sediment, at shelf depths. [details]

Type locality Described based on specimens from two localities: a) Vadsø, Finmark, Norway, Barents Sea, Arctic Ocean (gazetteer estimate 70.05°, 29.75°); b) Tromø, Troms, Norway, Norwegian Sea, North Atlantic (gazetteer estimate 69.651°, 18.965°). Glasby & Hutchings (2014: 22-24) refer only the existence of syntypes from Vadsø (Finmark). [details]
 

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