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Deep-Sea taxon details

Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) ernsti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1423658  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1423658)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 11 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

(of Rhaphidotheca arctica Hentschel, 1929) Hentschel, E. (1929). Die Kiesel- und Hornschwämme des Nördlichen Eismeers. Pp. 857-1042, pls XII-XIV. <em>In: Römer, F., Schaudinn, F., Brauer, A. & Arndt, W. (Eds), Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellung der arktischen Tierformen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898.</em> 5 (4) (G.Fischer, Jena).
page(s): 873-874 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
Holotype  (of Rhaphidotheca arctica Hentschel, 1929)...  
Holotype (of Rhaphidotheca arctica Hentschel, 1929) ZMB 7618, geounit North and East Barents Sea [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest, Hooper & Butler's (2020) text explaining the case for this nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest, Hooper & Butler's (2020) text explaining the case for this nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Mycale (Mycale) arctica (Fristedt, 1887) and Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) arctica (Hentschel, 1929).
1. Esperia lingua var. arctica Fristedt, 1887: 449 (type locality Bering Island, off Kamchatka). Originally described as Esperia lingua var. arctica Fristedt, 1887, it was elevated to a species level taxon Mycale arctica (Fristedt, 1887) by Burton (1934b: 8) and subsequently recorded as Mycale adhaerens var. arctica by Koltun (1959: 64). It is the senior secondary homonym of Mycale arctica (Hentschel, 1929) (ICZN 57.3 & 57.4).
2. Rhaphidotheca arctica Hentschel, 1929: 873 (type locality Spitzbergen (Svalbard), Arctic Norway). Originally described as Rhaphidotheca arctica Hentschel, 1929, with the genus Rhaphidotheca Saville Kent, 1870 now accepted as a subgenus of Mycale Gray, 1867, making Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) arctica (Hentschel, 1912) a junior secondary homonym of M. arctica (Fristedt, 1887) and requiring a new name (ICZN Art. 59.1).
3. Summary: Mycale (Mycale) arctica (Fristedt, 1887) is to be maintained as the senior secondary homonym (ICZN 57.3). Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) arctica (Hentschel, 1929) is a junior secondary homonym of M. (Mycale) arctica (Fristedt, 1887) and requires a new name, for which we propose Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) ernsti nom. nov., named after Ernst Hentschel (ICZN Art. 59.1 & 60.3). [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) ernsti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed through: Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2020) World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS) at: http://www.marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1423658 on 2020-04-07
Glover, A.G.; Higgs, N.; Horton, T. (2020). World Register of Deep-Sea species (WoRDSS). Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) ernsti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/deepsea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1423658 on 2020-04-07
Date
action
by
2020-03-01 13:03:29Z
created

original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://www.mapress.com/j/zt/article/view/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 11 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

original description  (of Rhaphidotheca arctica Hentschel, 1929) Hentschel, E. (1929). Die Kiesel- und Hornschwämme des Nördlichen Eismeers. Pp. 857-1042, pls XII-XIV. <em>In: Römer, F., Schaudinn, F., Brauer, A. & Arndt, W. (Eds), Fauna Arctica. Eine Zusammenstellung der arktischen Tierformen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung des Spitzbergen-Gebietes auf Grund der Ergebnisse der Deutschen Expedition in das Nördliche Eismeer im Jahre 1898.</em> 5 (4) (G.Fischer, Jena).
page(s): 873-874 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype (of Rhaphidotheca arctica Hentschel, 1929) ZMB 7618, geounit North and East Barents Sea [details]
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest, Hooper & Butler's (2020) text explaining the case for this nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Mycale (Mycale) arctica (Fristedt, 1887) and Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) arctica (Hentschel, 1929).
1. Esperia lingua var. arctica Fristedt, 1887: 449 (type locality Bering Island, off Kamchatka). Originally described as Esperia lingua var. arctica Fristedt, 1887, it was elevated to a species level taxon Mycale arctica (Fristedt, 1887) by Burton (1934b: 8) and subsequently recorded as Mycale adhaerens var. arctica by Koltun (1959: 64). It is the senior secondary homonym of Mycale arctica (Hentschel, 1929) (ICZN 57.3 & 57.4).
2. Rhaphidotheca arctica Hentschel, 1929: 873 (type locality Spitzbergen (Svalbard), Arctic Norway). Originally described as Rhaphidotheca arctica Hentschel, 1929, with the genus Rhaphidotheca Saville Kent, 1870 now accepted as a subgenus of Mycale Gray, 1867, making Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) arctica (Hentschel, 1912) a junior secondary homonym of M. arctica (Fristedt, 1887) and requiring a new name (ICZN Art. 59.1).
3. Summary: Mycale (Mycale) arctica (Fristedt, 1887) is to be maintained as the senior secondary homonym (ICZN 57.3). Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) arctica (Hentschel, 1929) is a junior secondary homonym of M. (Mycale) arctica (Fristedt, 1887) and requires a new name, for which we propose Mycale (Rhaphidotheca) ernsti nom. nov., named after Ernst Hentschel (ICZN Art. 59.1 & 60.3). [details]
 

Rhaphidotheca arctica Hentschel, 1929
 Rhaphidotheca arcti...
[image from synonym]

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