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Echinoidea source details

Kier, P. M. 1972. Tertiary and Mesozoic Echinoids of Saudi Arabia. Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology 10, 1-105.
175923
10.5479/si.00810266.10.1 [view]
Kier, P. M.
1972
Tertiary and Mesozoic Echinoids of Saudi Arabia
Smithsonian Contributions to Paleobiology
(10), 1-242
Publication
The Mesozoic and Tertiary echinoids are described from Saudi Arabia. Fifty-one species, thirty-four of them new, occur in beds ranging from the Lower Jurassic to the Miocene. Two species are present in the Lower Jurassic (Toarcian) Marrat Formation, one is new: Acrosalenia marratensis. The Middle Jurassic (Bajocian-Bathonian) middle Dhruma Formation yielded eleven species, all new: Acrosalenia arabica, Acrosalenia dhrumaensis, Heterosalenia dhrumaensis, Pseudocidaris depressa, Polycyphus arabicus, Pseudosalenia magniprocta, Farquharsonia crenulata, Leioechinus namus (type species of new genus of the family Stomechinidae), Plesiechinus altus, Bothryopneustes arabica, and Bothryopneustes dhrumaensis. Thirteen species are described from the Late Jurassic (Callovian) upper Dhruma Formation, including twelve new species: Acrosalenia bowersi, Pseudocidaris romani, Pseudocidaris raratuberculata, Hypodiadema nanituberculata, Heterosalenia brocki, Heterosalenia ornata, Leioechinus amplus, Polyc
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Acrosalenia arabica Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Acrosalenia bowersi Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Acrosalenia dhrumaensis Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Acrosalenia marratensis Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Agassizia (Agassizia) powersi Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Agassizia (Anisaster) arabica Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Bothryopneustes arabica Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Bothryopneustes dhrumaensis Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Bothryopneustes inflate Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Bothryopneustes kauffmani Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Farquharsonia crenulata Kier, 1972 † accepted as Ekerekeia crenulata (Kier, 1972) † (original description)
Fibularia damensis Kier, 1972 † (original description)
Heterosalenia brocki Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Heterosalenia dhrumaensis Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Heterosalenia ornata Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Holectypus phelani Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Hypodiadema nanituberculata Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Iraniaster affinidouvillei Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Iraniaster affinimorgani Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Iraniaster bowersi Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Leioechinus amplus Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Leioechinus namus Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Plesiechinus altus Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Polycyphus arabicus Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Polycyphus parvituberculatus Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Proraster granti Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Pseudocidaris depressa Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Pseudocidaris raratuberculata Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Pseudocidaris romani Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Pseudosalenia magniprocta Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Pygurus (Pygurus) arabicus Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Pygurus (Pygurus) yamamaensis Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Rhynchopygus arumaensis Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Schizechinus pentagonus Kier, 1972a † (original description)
Saudi Arabia for Acrosalenia arabica Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Acrosalenia bowersi Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Acrosalenia dhrumaensis Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Acrosalenia marratensis Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Agassizia (Agassizia) powersi Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Agassizia (Anisaster) arabica Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Bothryopneustes arabica Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Bothryopneustes dhrumaensis Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Bothryopneustes inflate Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Bothryopneustes kauffmani Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Farquharsonia crenulata Kier, 1972 † 
Saudi Arabia for Fibularia damensis Kier, 1972 † 
Saudi Arabia for Heterosalenia brocki Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Heterosalenia dhrumaensis Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Heterosalenia ornata Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Holectypus phelani Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Hypodiadema nanituberculata Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Iraniaster affinidouvillei Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Iraniaster affinimorgani Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Iraniaster bowersi Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Leioechinus amplus Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Leioechinus namus Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Plesiechinus altus Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Polycyphus arabicus Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Polycyphus parvituberculatus Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Proraster granti Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Pseudocidaris depressa Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Pseudocidaris raratuberculata Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Pseudocidaris romani Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Pseudosalenia magniprocta Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Pygurus (Pygurus) arabicus Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Pygurus (Pygurus) yamamaensis Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Rhynchopygus arumaensis Kier, 1972a † 
Saudi Arabia for Schizechinus pentagonus Kier, 1972a † 






































































 Fossil range

Bathonian, Middle Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Callovian, Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Bathonian [details]

 Fossil range

Eocene-Oligocene? [details]

 Fossil range

Bathonian [details]

 Fossil range

Callovian, Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Callovian, Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Bathonian, Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Miocene [details]

 Fossil range

Callovian, Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Bathonian, Middle Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Callovian, Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Callovian, Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Callovian, Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Campanian [details]

 Fossil range

Callovian, Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Bathonian [details]

 Fossil range

Bathonian, Middle Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Bathonian [details]

 Fossil range

Campanian [details]

 Fossil range

Bathonian [details]

 Fossil range

Callovian, Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Callovian, Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Upper Jurassic [details]

 Fossil range

Campanian [details]

 Stratigraphy

Middle Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Middle Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Marrat Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Dam Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Middle Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Middle Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Middle Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Dam Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Middle Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Lower Aruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Lower Aruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Lower Aruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Middle Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Middle Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Middle Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Aruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Middle Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Middle Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Upper Dhruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Yamama Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Aruma Formation [details]

 Stratigraphy

Dam Formation [details]

 Type locality

localities S-1046, S-1056, S-1157, S-1160, S-1503, KK8-23, 30-35, 33-35, 34, 35-38, 37, 38.5, 40.5, 44, KK9-30-40, ... [details]

 Type locality

locality S-1148, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities KK9-21-22.5, KK9-51.5, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities S-1034, KK6-14, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities S-357, S-360, S-361 and S-568, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities S-761 and S1603, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities KK8-35-46 and L-920, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities KK8-30-44, KK9-35-98, L-921, L-922, S-1045 and S-1154, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality KK9-95-112, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality KK9-112-113, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

Locality KK9-43, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities S-137, S-178, S-553, S-568 and S-1392, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities KK9-111, S-1167, KK9-112, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality KK9-15, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality KK9-112, S-1167, KK9-111, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities KK9-108-114, KK9-95-97 and L-926, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities KK9-111 and KK9-112, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality KK11, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality KK11, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality S-289, S-290, S-291, S-1234 and S-1419, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities KK9-111-112, S-1176 and L-926, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities KK8-30-35, KK7-131, KK8-6-40.5, KK9-20-40, S-1064, S-1154, S-1160 and L-921, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality L-921, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities KK8-46 and KK9-10-20, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality KK9-112, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality S-748, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality KK9-21-21.5, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality KK9-111, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities KK9-112, KK9-111, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

localities KK8 30-35, 34, 35-38, KK9 30-40, S-1046, S-1160, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

Atash Mb., locality L-926, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

Localities KK1-41, L-901, L-902, L-905, L-910, L-908. KK3-45 and S-1262, Saudi Arabia [details]

 Type locality

locality KK11, Saudi Arabia [details]


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