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Echinoidea taxon details

Heterocentrotus mamillatus (Linnaeus, 1758)

568045  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:568045)

accepted
Species
Acrocladia blainvillii (Des Moulins, 1837) (subjective junior synonym)
Acrocladia mamillata (misspelling for Acrocladia mammillata)
Acrocladia mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Acrocladia planispina von Martens, 1886 (subjective junior synonym)
Acrocladia planissima (misspelling)
Acrocladia serialis Perrier, 1869 (subjective junior synonym)
Cidaris mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Echinometra blainvillii Des Moulins, 1837 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinometra carinata (Blainville, 1825) (subjective junior synonym)
Echinometra mammillata (Linnaeus, 1758) (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Echinus carinatus Blainville, 1825 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus castaneus Perry, 1810 (subjective junior synonym)
Echinus mamillatus Linnaeus, 1758 (transferred to Heterocentrotus)
Echinus mammillatus Linnaeus, 1758 (incorrect subsequent spelling)
Heterocentrotus mammillatus (Linnaeus, 1758) (incorrect subsequent spelling)
Heterocentrotus postelsii Brandt, 1835 (subjective junior synonym)
Heterocentrus mamillatus (misspelling for Heterocentrotus mammillatus)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(of Echinus mamillatus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 664-665 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
Kroh, A. & Mooi, R. (2018). World Echinoidea Database. Heterocentrotus mamillatus (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/echinoidea/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=568045 on 2019-10-24
Date
action
by
2011-04-11 06:53:58Z
created

original description  (of Echinometra blainvillii Des Moulins, 1837) des Moulins, C. 1837. Troisième Mémoire sur les Échinides. - Synonymie générale. Actes de la Société Linnéenne de Bordeaux 9, 45-364. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32866957
page(s): 110-113; pl. 50: figs 1-6 [details]   

original description  (of Echinus castaneus Perry, 1810) Perry G. (1810-1811). <i>Arcana: or the Museum of Natural History</i>. pls. 1-48 (= 1810), pls. 49-84 (= 1811), unnumbered text pages. London: James Stratford. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39045115
page(s): unpaginated [scan page 209-210 in BHL]; pl. [34] [details]   

original description  (of Echinus mamillatus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 664-665 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

original description  (of Echinometra (Acrocladia) planispina von Martens, 1886) Martens, E. von. 1866. Verzeichniss der von Dr. E. Schweinfurth 1864 auf seiner Reise am Rothen Meere gesammelten und nach Berlin eingesendeten zoologischen Gegenstände. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien. 16. p. 377-382, available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/26723604
page(s): 381-382 [details]   

original description  (of Echinus carinatus Blainville, 1825) Blainville, H. M. D. d. 1825. Oursin, Echinus (Actinozoaires.). Pp. 59-98 in Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles F.G. Levrault, Strasbourg & Paris., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/25303522
page(s): 98 [details]   

original description  (of Acrocladia hastifera L. Agassiz in L. Agassiz & Desor, 1846) Agassiz, L. & Desor, P. J. E. 1846. Catalogue raisonné des familles, des genres, et des espèces de la classe des échinodermes. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Troisième Série, Zoologie 6, 305-374., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13408315
page(s): 373 [details]   

original description  (of Acrocladia serialis Perrier, 1869) Perrier, E. (1869). Recherche sur les pédicellaires et les ambulacres des astérides et des oursins. <em>Thèses présentées à la Faculté des Sciences de Paris pour obtenir le Grade de Docteur ès Sciences Naturelles Victor Masson et fils, Paris.</em> 5-188, plates 1-7., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13976641
page(s): 165; pl. 6: fig. 5a-c [details]   

original description  (of Echinus (Heterocentrotus) postelsii Brandt, 1835) Brandt, J. F. (1835). Prodromus descriptionis Animalium ab H. Mertensio in orbis terrarum circumnavigatione observatorum, Petropooli. Fasc. I: 203-275., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10765514
page(s): 265 [65 in reprint version] [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Spelling This species has alternatingly been spelled mammillatus/mamillata in the literature. Linné (1758: p. 664)) established the species as Echinus mamillatus, and consistently used mamillatus/mamillata with one "m". The confusion dates back to the work of Gmelin (1778: p. 3175), who was the first to use the variant with two "m".
Gramatically both variants are correct (contratry to the statement of Mortensen, 1943: p. 419): mamillatus with one "m" when the name is derived from Latin "mamilla" (= nipple), mammillatus with two "m" would be correct if the name is derived from Latin "mamma" (= breast). There are numerous other species named "mamillatus" with a single "m" in various groups ranging from nematods to insects.

Summing up, "mamillatus" is the unambiguous original spelling and is grammatically correct and thus the correct name for this species. "mammillatus", in contrast, is an incorrect subsequent spelling (nothing in Gmelin, 1778 suggests an intentional change, i.e. an emendation). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English slate pencil urchin  [details]
German Griffel-Seeigel  [details]
Japanese パイプウニ  [details]
To MNHN Type collection (IE-2014-3937)
To MNHN Type collec...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 010389.EC)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 080324)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally]


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