World Hydrozoa Database


Hydrozoa source details

Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493.
155063
10.12681/mms.87 [view]
Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N.
2010
Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution
Mediterranean Marine Science
11(2): 381-493
Publication
The state-of-art on alien species in the Mediterranean Sea is presented, making distinctions among the four subregions defined in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive: (i) the Western Mediterranean Sea (WMED); (ii) the Central Mediterranean Sea (CMED); (iii) the Adriatic Sea (ADRIA); and (iv) the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (EMED). The updated checklist (December 2010) of marine alien species within each subregion, along with their acclimatization status and origin, is provided. A total of 955 alien species is known in the Mediterranean, the vast majority of them having being introduced in the EMED (718), less in the WMED (328) and CMED (267) and least in the Adriatic (171). Of these, 535 species (56%) are established in at least one area. Despite the collective effort of experts who attempted in this work, the number of introduced species remains probably underestimated. Excluding microalgae, for which knowledge is still insufficient, aliens have increased the total species richness of the Mediterranean Sea by 5.9%. This figure should not be directly read as an indication of higher biodiversity, as spreading of so many aliens within the basin is possibly causing biotic homogenization. Thermophilic species, i.e. Indo-Pacific, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Tropical Atlantic, Tropical Pacific, and circum(sub)tropical, account for 88.4% of the introduced species in the EMED, 72.8% in the CMED, 59.3% in the WMED and 56.1% in the Adriatic. Cold water species, i.e. circumboreal, N Atlantic, and N Pacific, make up a small percentage of the introduced species, ranging between 4.2% and 21.6% and being more numerous in the Adriatic and less so in the EMED. Species that are classified as invasive or potentially invasive are 134 in the whole of the Mediterranean: 108 are present in the EMED, 75 in the CMED, 53 in the Adriatic and 64 in the WMED. The WMED hosts most invasive macrophytes, whereas the EMED has the lion’s share in polychaetes, crustaceans, molluscs and fish.
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Aequorea conica Browne, 1905 (additional source)
Amphogona pusilla Hartlaub, 1909 (additional source)
Arctapodema australis (Vanhöffen, 1912) (additional source)
Bougainvillia niobe Mayer, 1894 (additional source)
Campalecium medusiferum Torrey, 1902 accepted as Mitrocomium medusiferum (Torrey, 1902) (additional source)
Cirrholovenia tetranema Kramp, 1959 (additional source)
Clytia hummelincki (Leloup, 1935) (additional source)
Clytia linearis (Thorneley, 1900) (additional source)
Clytia mccradyi (Brooks, 1888) (additional source)
Cordylophora caspia (Pallas, 1771) (additional source)
Coryne eximia Allman, 1859 (additional source)
Diphasia digitalis (Busk, 1852) (additional source)
Dynamena quadridentata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (additional source)
Eirene viridula (Péron & Lesueur, 1810) (additional source)
Eucheilota paradoxica Mayer, 1900 (additional source)
Eudendrium carneum Clarke, 1882 (additional source)
Eudendrium merulum Watson, 1985 (additional source)
Euphysora annulata Kramp, 1928 accepted as Corymorpha annulata (Kramp, 1928) (additional source)
Euphysora bigelowi Maas, 1905 accepted as Corymorpha bigelowi (Maas, 1905) (additional source)
Filellum serratum (Clarke, 1879) (additional source)
Garveia franciscana (Torrey, 1902) (additional source)
Gonionemus vertens A. Agassiz, 1862 (additional source)
Kantiella enigmatica Bouillon, 1978 (additional source)
Laodicea fijiana Agassiz & Mayer, 1899 (additional source)
Macrorhynchia philippina Kirchenpauer, 1872 (additional source)
Moerisia carine Bouillon, 1978 (additional source)
Moerisia inkermanica Paltschikowa-Ostroumowa, 1925 (additional source)
Nubiella mitra Bouillon, 1980 (additional source)
Octotiara russelli Kramp, 1953 (additional source)
Olindias singularis Browne, 1905 (additional source)
Paracytaeis octona Bouillon, 1978 (additional source)
Russellia mirabilis Kramp, 1957 accepted as Heterotentacula mirabilis (Kramp, 1957) (additional source)
Scolionema suvaense (Agassiz & Mayer, 1899) (additional source)
Sertularia marginata (Kirchenpauer, 1864) (additional source)
Sulculeolaria angusta Totton, 1954 accepted as Sulculeolaria turgida (Gegenbaur, 1854) (additional source)
Tetrorchis erythrogaster Bigelow, 1909 (additional source)
Trichydra pudica Wright, 1857 (additional source)