Hydrozoa taxon details

Staurodiscus Haeckel, 1879

117144  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:117144)

accepted
Genus
Staurodiscus tetrastaurus Haeckel, 1879 (type by subsequent designation)
Species Staurodiscus arcuatus (Haeckel, 1879)
Species Staurodiscus brooksii (Mayer, 1910)
Species Staurodiscus cirrus Huang, Xu, Guo & Qiu, 2010
Species Staurodiscus crassonema Wang, Xu, Huan & Lin, 2010
Species Staurodiscus gotoi (Uchida, 1927)
Species Staurodiscus kellneri (Mayer, 1910)
Species Staurodiscus latibulbus Wang, Xu, Huan & Lin, 2010
Species Staurodiscus milleri (Bouillon, 1984)
Species Staurodiscus multicanalis Xu, Huang & Guo, 2007
Species Staurodiscus neustona Xu, Huang & Guo, 2007
Species Staurodiscus nigricans Agassiz & Mayer, 1899
Species Staurodiscus polynema (Kramp, 1959)
Species Staurodiscus quadristoma Bouillon, 1984
Species Staurodiscus tetrastaurus Haeckel, 1879
Species Staurodiscus thalassinus (Péron & Lesueur, 1810)
Species Staurodiscus vietnamensis Kramp, 1962

Subgenus Staurodiscus (Staurodiscalma) Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Staurodiscus Haeckel, 1879
Subgenus Staurodiscus (Staurodiscema) Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Staurodiscus Haeckel, 1879
Species Staurodiscus brooksi (Mayer, 1910) accepted as Staurodiscus brooksii (Mayer, 1910) (spelling error)
Species Staurodiscus heterosceles Haeckel, 1879 accepted as Staurodiscus tetrastaurus Haeckel, 1879 (possible synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32605578
page(s): 145 [details]   
Taxonomic remark Review of the species in Bouillon (1984b)  
Taxonomic remark Review of the species in Bouillon (1984b) [details]

Taxonomic remark Transferred to Hebellidae in Bouillon et al. (2006)  
Taxonomic remark Transferred to Hebellidae in Bouillon et al. (2006) [details]
Schuchert, P. (2020). World Hydrozoa Database. Staurodiscus Haeckel, 1879. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/hydrozoa/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=117144 on 2020-12-03
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2009-06-15 18:10:07Z
changed
2016-01-08 09:43:35Z
changed

original description Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32605578
page(s): 145 [details]   

original description  (of Toxorchis Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32605578
page(s): 157 [details]   

original description  (of Staurodiscalma Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32605578
page(s): 145 [details]   

original description  (of Staurodiscema Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32605578
page(s): 146 [details]   

original description  (of Staurodiscoides Uchida, 1927) Uchida, T. (1927c). Description of a new Leptomedusa, Staurodiscoides gotoi. <em>Japanese Journal of Zoology.</em> 1: 165-168.
page(s): 165 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

original description  (of Staurodiscus (Staurodiscalma) Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32605578
page(s): 145 [details]   

original description  (of Staurodiscus (Staurodiscema) Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32605578
page(s): 146 [details]   

original description  (of Cladocanna Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32605578
page(s): 160 [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Vervoort, W.; Cairns, S.D.; Schuchert, P. (2001). Hydrozoa, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 112-120 (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Biology Life cycle, polyp stage see Migotto & Andrade (2000), perhaps Staurodiscus kellneri (Mayer, 1910) [details]

Diagnosis 
Medusa with 4 or more main primary radial canals, some or all branching one or more times, primary canal and some or all of the branches reaching circular canal; ‘gonads on primary radial canals and branches; numerous tentacles and cordyli; with or without cirri; with or without ocelli.
Hydroid epizootic, Hebella-like; hydrothecae almost conical when growing on upper part of the host, cylindrical when growing on lower part of same host; asymmetrical to symmetrical; with everted margin, sharply or slightly oblique, with short to long, wrinkled or annulated pedicels; with membranous diaphragm (sometimes absent) and annular thickening; gonophores as free medusae; gonotheca as big or slightly bigger than hydrotheca, with four opercular flaps, on short pedicel, slightly undulated walls, truncated distally, tapering at base, containing up to three medusae.
 [details]

Taxonomic remark Review of the species in Bouillon (1984b) [details]

Taxonomic remark Transferred to Hebellidae in Bouillon et al. (2006) [details]
Staurodiscus tetrastaurus medusa, from Florida, Western Atlantic
 Staurodiscus tetras...
[image from typetaxon]

Staurodiscus tetrastaurus from Kramp (1959)
 Staurodiscus tetras...
[image from typetaxon]

Staurodiscus tetrastaurus medusa, from the Western Atlantic, Florida
 Staurodiscus tetras...
[image from typetaxon]

Staurodiscus tetrastaurus medusa, from the Western Atlantic, Florida
 Staurodiscus tetras...
[image from typetaxon]