World Hydrozoa Database


Hydrozoa taxon details

Staurodiscus Haeckel, 1879

117144  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:117144)

accepted
Genus
Staurodiscus tetrastaurus Haeckel, 1879 (type by subsequent designation)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101461#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 145 [details]   
Taxonomic remark Review of the species in Bouillon (1984b)  
Taxonomic remark Review of the species in Bouillon (1984b) [details]

Taxonomic remark Transferred to Hebellidae in Bouillon et al. (2006)  
Taxonomic remark Transferred to Hebellidae in Bouillon et al. (2006) [details]
Schuchert, P. (2018). World Hydrozoa Database. Staurodiscus Haeckel, 1879. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/hydrozoa/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=117144 on 2019-03-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2009-06-15 18:10:07Z
changed
2016-01-08 09:43:35Z
changed

original description Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101461#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 145 [details]   

original description  (ofToxorchis Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101461#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 157 [details]   

original description  (ofStaurodiscalma Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101461#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 145 [details]   

original description  (ofStaurodiscema Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101461#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 146 [details]   

original description  (ofStaurodiscoides Uchida, 1927) Uchida, T. (1927c). Description of a new Leptomedusa, Staurodiscoides gotoi. <em>Japanese Journal of Zoology.</em> 1: 165-168.
page(s): 165 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

original description  (ofStaurodiscus (Staurodiscalma) Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101461#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 145 [details]   

original description  (ofStaurodiscus (Staurodiscema) Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101461#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 146 [details]   

original description  (ofCladocanna Haeckel, 1879) Haeckel, E. (1879). Das System der Medusen. Erster Teil einer Monographie der Medusen. <em>Denkschriften der Medicinisch-Naturwissenschaftlichen Gesellschaft zu Jena.</em> 1: XX+1-360, 320 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/101461#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 160 [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; Vervoort, W.; Cairns, S.D.; Schuchert, P. (2001). Hydrozoa, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 112-120 (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Biology Life cycle, polyp stage see Migotto & Andrade (2000), perhaps Staurodiscus kellneri (Mayer, 1910) [details]

Diagnosis 
Medusa with 4 or more main primary radial canals, some or all branching one or more times, primary canal and some or all of the branches reaching circular canal; ‘gonads on primary radial canals and branches; numerous tentacles and cordyli; with or without cirri; with or without ocelli.
Hydroid epizootic, Hebella-like; hydrothecae almost conical when growing on upper part of the host, cylindrical when growing on lower part of same host; asymmetrical to symmetrical; with everted margin, sharply or slightly oblique, with short to long, wrinkled or annulated pedicels; with membranous diaphragm (sometimes absent) and annular thickening; gonophores as free medusae; gonotheca as big or slightly bigger than hydrotheca, with four opercular flaps, on short pedicel, slightly undulated walls, truncated distally, tapering at base, containing up to three medusae.
 [details]

Taxonomic remark Review of the species in Bouillon (1984b) [details]

Taxonomic remark Transferred to Hebellidae in Bouillon et al. (2006) [details]
 



Staurodiscus tetrastaurus medusa, from Florida, Western Atlantic
 Staurodiscus tetras...
[image from typetaxon]

Staurodiscus tetrastaurus from Kramp (1959)
 Staurodiscus tetras...
[image from typetaxon]

Staurodiscus tetrastaurus medusa, from the Western Atlantic, Florida
 Staurodiscus tetras...
[image from typetaxon]

Staurodiscus tetrastaurus medusa, from the Western Atlantic, Florida
 Staurodiscus tetras...
[image from typetaxon]