Difference between revisions of "Black Sea"

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== Local environment ==
 
== Local environment ==
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== Specific biodiversity issues ==
 
== Specific biodiversity issues ==
 
   
 
   
Among the coastal basins of the world's oceans, the environmental degradation in the Black Sea is thought to be the most severe. Threats to Black Sea biodiversity are the introduction of alien species, commercial fisheries and overexploitation of resources, chemical contamination, especially from oil products, eutrophication (nutrient enrichment from plant matter) and pollution from agriculture, industry and sewage.
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Among the coastal basins of the world's oceans, the environmental degradation in the Black Sea is thought to be the most severe. Threats to Black Sea [[biodiversity]] are the introduction of alien species, commercial fisheries and overexploitation of resources, chemical contamination, especially from oil products, [[eutrophication]] (nutrient enrichment from plant matter) and [[pollution]] from agriculture, industry and sewage.
  
 
Most non-native species in the Black Sea have been introduced in ballast waters from shipping. Low species diversity combined with high habitat diversity in the region provides favourable conditions for invasive species, which can disrupt the stability and functioning of ecosystems and represents the biggest threat to [[biodiversity]] in the Black Sea. Eutrophication has been the main cause of the critically low oxygen levels in the Black Sea, which has led to dramatic reduction in fish catches.
 
Most non-native species in the Black Sea have been introduced in ballast waters from shipping. Low species diversity combined with high habitat diversity in the region provides favourable conditions for invasive species, which can disrupt the stability and functioning of ecosystems and represents the biggest threat to [[biodiversity]] in the Black Sea. Eutrophication has been the main cause of the critically low oxygen levels in the Black Sea, which has led to dramatic reduction in fish catches.
  
 
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== See==
== Recent newsletter articles ==
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*[[Black Sea Convention]]
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*[[Marine Biotechnology in Black Sea basin]]
 
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*[[Enabling a shared information infrastructure for Mediterranean and Black Sea basins]]
== See also ==
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*Biodiversity of the Western Black Sea [http://www.marbef.org/outreach/newsletter.php]<p>
 
* [http://www.blacksea-environment.org/ Black Sea Environmental Programme]
 
* [http://www.blacksea-environment.org/ Black Sea Environmental Programme]
 
* There is detailed information about the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Sea Black Sea on Wikepedia]
 
* There is detailed information about the [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Black_Sea Black Sea on Wikepedia]
  
[[Category:International coastal organisation]]
 
[[Category:Location of coastal and marine areas]]
 
 
[[Category:Black sea]]
 
[[Category:Black sea]]

Latest revision as of 13:53, 30 July 2019

Local environment

The Black Sea is a unique marine environment. It is an enclosed coastal basin with characteristics between than of an estuary and the open ocean, with about 87% of its water mass being permanently anoxic or devoid of oxygen. The Black Sea houses a wide variety of habitat types but has a relatively low diversity of species. Historically, the Black Sea has been one of the most biologically productive regions in the world.


Specific biodiversity issues

Among the coastal basins of the world's oceans, the environmental degradation in the Black Sea is thought to be the most severe. Threats to Black Sea biodiversity are the introduction of alien species, commercial fisheries and overexploitation of resources, chemical contamination, especially from oil products, eutrophication (nutrient enrichment from plant matter) and pollution from agriculture, industry and sewage.

Most non-native species in the Black Sea have been introduced in ballast waters from shipping. Low species diversity combined with high habitat diversity in the region provides favourable conditions for invasive species, which can disrupt the stability and functioning of ecosystems and represents the biggest threat to biodiversity in the Black Sea. Eutrophication has been the main cause of the critically low oxygen levels in the Black Sea, which has led to dramatic reduction in fish catches.

See