State of the Art of Capacity Building in Europe: list of articles

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Capacity Building in ICZM

This section provides the basis for a thorough understanding of the concepts along with a list of the most relevant definitions of the term amongst inter-governmental organizations and scientits, and an explanation of the different types of capacity building efforts, namely formal and informal.

Capacity Building


This part provides an introduction to the concept of Capacity Building in general.

The Capacity Building Concept

This article provides the historical evolution of the term capacity building that has given place, over the past five years, to a broad common conceptual framework that involves a system perspective addressing various levels of environmental management capacities (i.e. capacities of institutions, individuals, overall countries and regions).

Capacity Building

This article provides a list of the most relevant definitions of the term amongst key inter-governmental organizations and scientits

Types of Capacity Building efforts


Formal Capacity Building

Formal Capacity Building includes 'education', 'training' and 'professional development'. A revision on ICZM related courses in Europe performed by Theme 10 Coordination Office is offered.

Informal Capacity Building

Informal Capacity Building addresses the creation of structures and networks which allow access to information on ICZM and builds understanding of corresponding concepts and methodologies in stakeholders who would not seek education and training through formal routes. The relevance of different existing platforms for informal capacity building efforts in Europe is explored.


Capacity Development


This section deals with the process of developing the required capacity in an efficient manner. Capacity Development is based on the notion that no efficient capacity building action can be taken without the knowledge of existing human, institutional and financial resources that may tackle the specific ICZM related issues of a certain coastal area. This is strictly related to establishing the existing Capacity Gap in ICZM.


Capacity Building Needs in ICZM

This section offers the most relevant past efforts to define capacity building needs in ICZM. It also provides technical background on capacity building needs associated to the ICZM policy cycle as well as different assessment tools.

Evidence of Needs

Capacity Building Needs Associated to the ICZM Cycle

Capacity Building Assessment Tools

Assessment of training needs

Capacity Gap in ICZM

A major step in capacity development is to perform a Capacity Assessment plus a Capacity Needs Assessment which will provide a real picture of current strengths and weaknesses for performing ICZM that will help to organize existing resources as well as to fill in the identified capacity gaps through capacity building initiatives.

In sum, a simple equation that relates What I have and what I need is the basic driver to capacity building initiatives. Though this may sound like common sense, unfortunately, in the majority of cases, this criterion has not been applied.

Capacity Assessment and Capacity Needs Assessments go hand in hand. This is illustrated through 3 reference examples:

The United Nations TRAIN-SEA-COAST Programme’s methodology for Training Needs Analysis The US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA Coastal Services Center, NEEDS ASSESSMENT TRAINING, an On-line Learning Module The WIOMSA – Coastal Resources Center, University of Rhode Island, CAPACITY NEEDS ASSESSMENT, undertaken at the regional level


Capacity Building in ICZM practice

Case Studies on Capacity Building

Examples of good and bad practices in Capacity Building for ICZM and the lessons learned are offered.

Good and Bad Practices and Lessons Learned

Capacity Building in ICZM policy

This section provides a review of the leading policies that sustain ICZM efforts through the most relevant EU documents, and resulting Capacity Building needs.

Capacity Building in the frame of EU ICZM related policies

ICZM related Capacity Building Resources

This section provides the definitions and a good differentiation between 'education' and 'training' with a number of illustrative examples with good and bad practices and the lessons learned. This will be also supported by the results of the Survey on ICZM courses and programmes in Europe being carried out by theme 10. The relevance of different existing platforms for informal capacity buiding efforts are also explored.

Catalogue of ICZM courses and programmes

Important links


Maximising Capacity Building Effectiveness


Capacity Building Network main page


The main author of this article is Losada, Iñigo J
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.

Citation: Losada, Iñigo J (2008): State of the Art of Capacity Building in Europe: list of articles. Available from http://www.coastalwiki.org/wiki/State_of_the_Art_of_Capacity_Building_in_Europe:_list_of_articles [accessed on 22-01-2020]


The main author of this article is Garriga, Maica
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.

Citation: Garriga, Maica (2008): State of the Art of Capacity Building in Europe: list of articles. Available from http://www.coastalwiki.org/wiki/State_of_the_Art_of_Capacity_Building_in_Europe:_list_of_articles [accessed on 22-01-2020]