State of the Art of Capacity Building in Europe: list of articles

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Capacity Building in ICZM

This section provides and introductory framework to the notion of Capacity Building in ICZM by presenting the concept, the different types of capacity building efforts, and the variety of tools for developing a capacity building strategy.


Capacity Building Concept and Definitions


This part provides the basis for a thorough understanding of the concepts along with a list of the most relevant definitions of the term amongst inter-governmental organizations and scientits This part.

The Capacity Building Concept

This article provides an introduction to the concept of Capacity Building in general. It presents the historical evolution of the term capacity building that has given place, over the past five years, to a broad common conceptual framework that involves a system perspective addressing various levels of environmental management capacities (i.e. capacities of institutions, individuals, overall countries and regions).

Capacity Building

This article provides a list of the most relevant definitions of the term amongst key inter-governmental organizations worldwide


Types of Capacity Building efforts


This part provides an introduction to the main types of capacity building efforts, which can be divided in two main categories, namely: Human Capacity Building and Institutional Capacity Building. Both are closely inter-related and complement each other.

A number of supporting elements enhance and provide additional tools for implementing actions on human and/or institutional capacity building, namely: the transfer of knowledge, networking, sharing of experience & know-how, as well as dissemination of information.

Human Capacity Building

Human Capacity Building addresses the preparation of the required coastal actors to carry out integrated management. It should focus on building an individual’s Knowledge, Skills and Attitudes (K/S/A), while at the same time expanding and strengthening the network of individuals by building teams or cadres of ICZM experts across the European region and, hopefully, even institutions which will contribute to coastal management.

In turn, Human Capacity Building efforts can be 'formal' or 'informal'.

Formal Capacity Building

Formal Capacity Building includes 'education', 'training' and 'professional development'. A revision on ICZM related courses in Europe performed by Theme 10 Coordination Office is offered.

Informal Capacity Building

Informal Capacity Building addresses the creation of structures and networks which allow access to information on ICZM and builds understanding of corresponding concepts and methodologies in stakeholders who would not seek education and training through formal routes. The relevance of different existing platforms for informal capacity building efforts in Europe is explored.

Institutional Capacity Building

Institutional Capacity Building addresses capacity building beyond the provision of education and training of professionals. It aims to enhance the capacity of governments, business, non-governmental groups and communities to plan and manage the coast efficiently and effectively. It also aims at improving institutional arrangements for coastal management, such as networking and partnerships.


Capacity Assessment in ICZM


This section deals with the major steps in developing the required capacity in an efficient manner. Capacity Assessment is based on the notion that no efficient capacity building action can be taken without having previous knowledge of existing as well as newly required human, institutional and financial resources that may tackle the specific ICZM capacity related issues. This is strictly related to identifying the existing Capacity Gap through capacity assessment tools.

In this regard, this section offers the most relevant past efforts to define capacity building needs in ICZM. It also provides technical background on capacity building needs associated to the ICZM policy cycle as well as an introduction to capacity assessment tools along with reference examples.

This article provides examples 'capacity assessment' tools that are being applied by key organizations worldwide.

Capacity Assessment in ICZM

This article introduces de concept of capacity assessment and then discusses the framework within which capacity assessment may be undertaken and then provides information on the variety of methods to assess the capacities of both individuals and institutions involved in ICZM.

Past efforts to define capacity building needs in ICZM

Assessing capacities for ICZM has been in the forefront of concerns in coastal practice worldwide and this article provides an introduction to the events that marked a milestone to guide future efforts in the field.

Capacity Building Needs Associated to the ICZM Cycle

Within the many methods of assessing the capacities of a coastal manager, one way is to look into the ICZM policy cycle and the related tasks involved (Olsen 1995). This article first offers a review of such policy cycle and its most relevant characteristics. Second, a detailed examination the knowledge, skills and attitudes (K/S/As) associated to the steps in the policy cycle is performed.

Capacity Assessment Tools

Assessment of training needs

Capacity Building in ICZM practice

Case Studies on Capacity Building

Examples of good and bad practices in Capacity Building for ICZM and the lessons learned are offered.

Good and Bad Practices and Leassons Learned in Capacity Building for ICZM

Capacity Building in ICZM policy

This section provides a review of the leading policies that sustain ICZM efforts through the most relevant EU documents, and resulting Capacity Building needs.

Capacity Building in the frame of EU ICZM related policies

ICZM related Capacity Building Resources

This section provides the definitions and a good differentiation between 'education' and 'training' with a number of illustrative examples with good and bad practices and the lessons learned. This will be also supported by the results of the Survey on ICZM courses and programmes in Europe being carried out by theme 10. The relevance of different existing platforms for informal capacity buiding efforts are also explored.

Catalogue of ICZM courses and programmes

Important links


Maximising Capacity Building Effectiveness


Capacity Building Network main page


The main author of this article is Losada, Iñigo J
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.

Citation: Losada, Iñigo J (2008): State of the Art of Capacity Building in Europe: list of articles. Available from http://www.coastalwiki.org/wiki/State_of_the_Art_of_Capacity_Building_in_Europe:_list_of_articles [accessed on 6-12-2019]


The main author of this article is Garriga, Maica
Please note that others may also have edited the contents of this article.

Citation: Garriga, Maica (2008): State of the Art of Capacity Building in Europe: list of articles. Available from http://www.coastalwiki.org/wiki/State_of_the_Art_of_Capacity_Building_in_Europe:_list_of_articles [accessed on 6-12-2019]