MSBIAS source details

Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493.
155063
10.12681/mms.87 [view]
Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N.
2010
Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution
Mediterranean Marine Science
11(2): 381-493
Publication
The state-of-art on alien species in the Mediterranean Sea is presented, making distinctions among the four subregions defined in the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive: (i) the Western Mediterranean Sea (WMED); (ii) the Central Mediterranean Sea (CMED); (iii) the Adriatic Sea (ADRIA); and (iv) the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (EMED). The updated checklist (December 2010) of marine alien species within each subregion, along with their acclimatization status and origin, is provided. A total of 955 alien species is known in the Mediterranean, the vast majority of them having being introduced in the EMED (718), less in the WMED (328) and CMED (267) and least in the Adriatic (171). Of these, 535 species (56%) are established in at least one area. Despite the collective effort of experts who attempted in this work, the number of introduced species remains probably underestimated. Excluding microalgae, for which knowledge is still insufficient, aliens have increased the total species richness of the Mediterranean Sea by 5.9%. This figure should not be directly read as an indication of higher biodiversity, as spreading of so many aliens within the basin is possibly causing biotic homogenization. Thermophilic species, i.e. Indo-Pacific, Indian Ocean, Red Sea, Tropical Atlantic, Tropical Pacific, and circum(sub)tropical, account for 88.4% of the introduced species in the EMED, 72.8% in the CMED, 59.3% in the WMED and 56.1% in the Adriatic. Cold water species, i.e. circumboreal, N Atlantic, and N Pacific, make up a small percentage of the introduced species, ranging between 4.2% and 21.6% and being more numerous in the Adriatic and less so in the EMED. Species that are classified as invasive or potentially invasive are 134 in the whole of the Mediterranean: 108 are present in the EMED, 75 in the CMED, 53 in the Adriatic and 64 in the WMED. The WMED hosts most invasive macrophytes, whereas the EMED has the lion’s share in polychaetes, crustaceans, molluscs and fish.
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Acartia (Acanthacartia) tonsa Dana, 1849 (additional source)
Acrothrix gracilis Kylin, 1907 (additional source)
Agardhiella subulata (C.Agardh) Kraft & M.J.Wynne, 1979 (additional source)
Aglaothamnion feldmanniae Halos, 1965 (additional source)
Amphibalanus eburneus (Gould, 1841) (additional source)
Anarhichas lupus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Antithamnionella elegans (Berthold) J.H.Price & D.M.John, 1986 (additional source)
Antithamnionella spirographidis (Schiffner) E.M.Wollaston, 1968 (additional source)
Antithamnionella ternifolia (J.D.Hooker & Harvey) Lyle, 1922 (additional source)
Arietellus pavoninus Sars G.O., 1905 (additional source)
Asparagopsis armata Harvey, 1855 (additional source)
Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan de Saint-Léon, 1845 (additional source)
Asterias rubens Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Atys cylindricus (Helbling, 1779) accepted as Aliculastrum cylindricum (Helbling, 1779) (additional source)
Austrominius modestus (Darwin, 1854) (additional source)
Balanus trigonus Darwin, 1854 (additional source)
Beryx splendens Lowe, 1834 (additional source)
Bonamia ostreae Pichot, Comps, Tigé, Grizel & Rabouin, 1980 (additional source)
Bonnemaisonia hamifera Hariot, 1891 (additional source)
Botrylloides violaceus Oka, 1927 (additional source)
Bowerbankia gracillima (Hincks, 1877) accepted as Amathia gracillima (Hincks, 1877) (additional source)
Bugula fulva Ryland, 1960 accepted as Bugulina fulva (Ryland, 1960) (additional source)
Callinectes sapidus Rathbun, 1896 (additional source)
Callista florida (Lamarck, 1818) (additional source)
Caulacanthus okamurae Yamada, 1933 (additional source)
Caulerpa taxifolia (M.Vahl) C.Agardh, 1817 (additional source)
Centrolabrus exoletus (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Cerithium litteratum (Born, 1778) (additional source)
Cerithium nesioticum Pilsbry & Vanatta, 1906 (additional source)
Chama pacifica Broderip, 1835 (additional source)
Chondria coerulescens (J.Agardh) Falkenberg, 1901 accepted as Chondria coerulescens (J.Agardh) Sauvageau, 1897 (additional source)
Chorda filum (Linnaeus) Stackhouse, 1797 (additional source)
Chrysymenia wrightii (Harvey) Yamada, 1932 accepted as Botryocladia wrightii (Harvey) W.E.Schmidt, D.L.Ballantine & Fredericq, 2017 (additional source)
Cladosiphon zosterae (J.Agardh) Kylin, 1940 (additional source)
Codium fragile (Suringar) Hariot, 1889 (additional source)
Cordylophora caspia (Pallas, 1771) (additional source)
Coryne eximia Allman, 1859 (additional source)
Cyclopterus lumpus Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Desdemona ornata Banse, 1957 (additional source)
Desmarestia viridis (O.F.Müller) J.V.Lamouroux, 1813 (additional source)
Diadumene cincta Stephenson, 1925 (additional source)
Dispio uncinata Hartman, 1951 (additional source)
Dyspanopeus sayi (Smith, 1869) (additional source)
Echinolittorina punctata (Gmelin, 1791) (additional source)
Eirene viridula (Péron & Lesueur, 1810) (additional source)
Elasmopus pectenicrus (Spence Bate, 1862) (additional source)
Eriocheir sinensis H. Milne Edwards, 1853 (additional source)
Erosaria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) accepted as Naria turdus (Lamarck, 1810) (additional source)
Eucrate crenata (De Haan, 1835 [in De Haan, 1833-1850]) (additional source)
Ficopomatus enigmaticus (Fauvel, 1923) (additional source)
Fucus spiralis Linnaeus, 1753 (additional source)
Garveia franciscana (Torrey, 1902) accepted as Calyptospadix cerulea Clarke, 1882 (additional source)
Gonionemus vertens A. Agassiz, 1862 (additional source)
Goniotrichopsis sublittoralis G.M.Smith, 1943 (additional source)
Gracilaria vermiculophylla (Ohmi) Papenfuss, 1967 accepted as Agarophyton vermiculophyllum (Ohmi) Gurgel, J.N.Norris & Fredericq, 2018 (additional source)
Grateloupia subpectinata Holmes, 1912 (additional source)
Grateloupia turuturu Yamada, 1941 (additional source)
Griffithsia corallinoides (Linnaeus) Trevisan, 1845 (additional source)
Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (Jourdain, 1879) (additional source)
Haliplanella lineata (Verrill, 1869) accepted as Diadumene lineata (Verrill, 1869) (additional source)
Halothrix lumbricalis (Kützing) Reinke, 1888 (additional source)
Hemigrapsus sanguineus (De Haan, 1835 [in De Haan, 1833-1850]) (additional source)
Heterosiphonia japonica Yendo, 1920 accepted as Dasysiphonia japonica (Yendo) H.-S.Kim, 2012 (additional source)
Hirudinella ventricosa (Pallas, 1774) Baird, 1853 (additional source)
Hydroides dianthus (Verrill, 1873) (additional source)
Hydroides elegans (Haswell, 1883) [nomen protectum] (additional source)
Isolda pulchella Müller in Grube, 1858 (additional source)
Leathesia marina (Lyngbye) Decaisne, 1842 (additional source)
Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792) (additional source)
Loimia medusa (Savigny, 1822) (additional source)
Lomentaria hakodatensis Yendo, 1920 (additional source)
Malvufundus regula (Forsskål in Niebuhr, 1775) accepted as Malleus regula (Forsskål in Niebuhr, 1775) (additional source)
Marsupenaeus japonicus (Spence Bate, 1888) accepted as Penaeus japonicus Spence Bate, 1888 (additional source)
Megabalanus tintinnabulum (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Mercenaria mercenaria (Linnaeus, 1758) (additional source)
Microspongium tenuissimum (Hauck) A.F.Peters, 2003 accepted as Microspongium stilophorae (P.Crouan & H.Crouan) Cormaci & G.Furnari, 2012 (additional source)
Mnemiopsis leidyi A. Agassiz, 1865 (additional source)
Monocorophium sextonae (Crawford, 1937) (additional source)
Musculista perfragilis (Dunker, 1857) accepted as Arcuatula perfragilis (Dunker, 1857) (additional source)
Mya arenaria Linnaeus, 1758 (additional source)
Myicola ostreae Hoshina & Sugiura, 1953 (additional source)
Mytilicola orientalis Mori, 1935 (additional source)
Necora puber (Linnaeus, 1767) (additional source)
Neosiphonia harveyi (Bailey) M.-S.Kim, H.-G.Choi, Guiry & G.W.Saunders, 2001 accepted as Melanothamnus harveyi (Bailey) Díaz-Tapia & Maggs, 2017 (additional source)
Notomastus aberans Day, 1957 (additional source)
Osmundea oederi (Gunnerus) G.Furnari, 2008 (additional source)
Pampus argenteus (Euphrasen, 1788) (additional source)
Paracartia grani Sars G.O., 1904 represented as Paracartia grani grani Sars G.O., 1904 (additional source)
Paralithodes camtschaticus (Tilesius, 1815) (additional source)
Petricola pholadiformis Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Petricolaria pholadiformis (Lamarck, 1818) (additional source)
Pileolaria berkeleyana (Rioja, 1942) (additional source)
Pinctada radiata (Leach, 1814) represented as Pinctada imbricata radiata (Leach, 1814) (additional source)
Podarkeopsis capensis (Day, 1963) (additional source)
Polydora cornuta Bosc, 1802 (additional source)
Polysiphonia atlantica Kapraun & J.N.Norris, 1982 (additional source)
Polysiphonia fucoides (Hudson) Greville, 1824 accepted as Vertebrata fucoides (Hudson) Kuntze, 1891 (additional source)
Polysiphonia stricta (Mertens ex Dillwyn) Greville, 1824 (additional source)
Porphyra yezoensis Ueda, 1932 accepted as Pyropia yezoensis (Ueda) M.S.Hwang & H.G.Choi, 2011 (additional source)
Prionospio pulchra Imajima, 1990 (additional source)
Pseudocalanus elongatus (Brady, 1865) (additional source)