Ophiuroidea source details

Sloan, N. A.; Clark, A. M.; Taylor, J. D. (1979). The Echinoderms of Aldabra and their habitats. Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist. 37 (2): 81- 128.
6113
Sloan, N. A.; Clark, A. M.; Taylor, J. D.
1979
The Echinoderms of Aldabra and their habitats
Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist.
37 (2): 81- 128
Publication
This first full account of the echinoderm fauna of Aldabra Atoll, western Indian Ocean, includes a description of the shallow-water habitats and two special ecological studies dealing with the microhabitats of the Ophiocomidae - the dominant family of coral-reef ophiuroids - and a comparison between the echinoderms of an exposed and sheltered part of the shore. The remainder consists of an annotated fauna list, with details of habitats, colours in life, parasites, commensals and other observations by Sloan, but also takes account of prevoius work by others at the Royal Society's base on the atoll. Nearly 130 species are included, of which 20% are recorded for the first time from the Islands of the western Indian Ocean (excluding the Mascarene Islands)
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Aldabra for Amphiodia dividua Mortensen, 1933 
Aldabra for Amphioplus (Lymanella) integer (Ljungman, 1867) 
Aldabra for Amphioplus impressa (Ljungman, 1867) 
Aldabra for Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828) 
Aldabra for Amphiura inhacensis J.B. Balinsky, 1957 
Aldabra for Macrophiothrix demessa (Lyman, 1861) 
Aldabra for Macrophiothrix longipeda (Lamarck, 1816) 
Aldabra for Ophiactis picteti (de Loriol, 1893) 
Aldabra for Ophiactis savignyi (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Aldabra for Ophiactis versicolor H.L. Clark, 1939 
Aldabra for Ophiarachna affinis Lütken, 1869 
Aldabra for Ophiarachnella gorgonia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Aldabra for Ophiarachnella macracantha aldabrensis Sloan, Clark & Taylor, 1979 
Aldabra for Ophiarachnella septemspinosa (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Aldabra for Ophiarthrum elegans Peters, 1851 
Aldabra for Ophiochaeta hirsuta Lütken, 1869 
Aldabra for Ophiocoma anaglyptica Ely, 1944 
Aldabra for Ophiocoma brevipes Peters, 1851 
Aldabra for Ophiocoma doederleini de Loriol, 1899 
Aldabra for Ophiocoma erinaceus Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Aldabra for Ophiocoma pica Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Aldabra for Ophiocoma pusilla (Brock, 1888) 
Aldabra for Ophiocoma scolopendrina (Lamarck, 1816) 
Aldabra for Ophiocoma valenciae Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Aldabra for Ophiocomella sexradia (Duncan, 1887) 
Aldabra for Ophioconus permixta 
Aldabra for Ophiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Aldabra for Ophiolepis cincta cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Aldabra for Ophiomastix caryophyllata Lütken, 1869 
Aldabra for Ophiomastix koehleri Devaney, 1977 
Aldabra for Ophiomastix venosa Peters, 1851 
Aldabra for Ophiomyxa australis Lütken, 1869 
Aldabra for Ophionereis dubia (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Aldabra for Ophionereis porrecta Lyman, 1860 
Aldabra for Ophiopeza fallax Lütken, 1869 (non Peters, 1851) 
Aldabra for Ophioplocus imbricata (Müller & Troschel, 1842) 
Aldabra for Ophiothela tigris Lyman, 1871 
Aldabra for Ophiothrix propinqua Lyman, 1861 
Aldabra for Ophiothrix purpurea von Martens, 1867 
Aldabra for Ophiothrix trilineata Lütken, 1869 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophioconus permixta 
Eastern Africa & Madagascar for Ophiolepis superba H.L. Clark, 1915 
Mauritius for Ophiarachna robillardi de Loriol, 1893 
Mauritius for Ophiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Mauritius for Ophiolepis superba H.L. Clark, 1915 
Red Sea for Ophiolepis cincta Müller & Troschel, 1842 
Seychelles for Ophiolepis superba H.L. Clark, 1915 
 Description

Commensal with Macrophiothrix hirsuta in Kalk (1958). Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Ceylon, Bay of Bengal, East Indies, north Australia, Philippine, China, south Japan and South ... [details]

 Description

Also distributed in Bay of Bengal and north Australia (Clark & Rowe, 1971); Australia (Rowe & Gates, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: disc centre pink, some plates with large violet spots, the rest off-white, pimk below (Sloan, ... [details]

 Description

Colour in life: disc blood-red with radial shields the same colour, arms basically blood-red with a lighter pattern ... [details]

 Description

Has shorter arms than Ophiolepis cincta garretti, with a bolder and usually patterned colouration (Sloan et al., 1979). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in East Indies (Clark & Rowe, 1971). [details]

 Distribution

Also distributed in Australia in Clark & Rowe (1971) and Rowe & Gates (1995). Ecology: benthic, inshore, ... [details]

 Ecology

Ecology: benthic, continental shelf. General distribution: tropical, endemic in Australia, recorded depth 42 m. ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype Australian Museum, Sydney (Australia) J6043, paratype Australian Museum, Sydney (Australia) J6379. Type ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype in Nationall Natuurhistorisch Museum, Leiden (Netherlands). Type locality: Obi Latoe, Indonesia (Rowe & ... [details]

 Holotype

Holotype Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA) No. 1627. Type locality: ... [details]

 Remark

Treated as valid in Rowe & Gates (1995) and in Achituv (1969). [details]

 Remark

Holotype (probable) whereabouts undetermined. Type locality: Hong Kong (Rowe & Gates, 1995). [details]

 Remark

In Subgenus (Thymiosycia) Pearson, 1914. Status undetermined ?Stadtliches Museum für Naturkunde, Stuttgart ... [details]

 Synonymy

Day lists Hololepidella under citations for Polyeunoa nigropunctata, but Pettibone (1993) considers this finding as ... [details]

 Type locality

Aldabra. Holotype: Natural History Museum, London (England) 1978.9.1.1 [details]

 Type species

Ophiura echinata Lamarck, 1816 by subsequent designation, see Clark, H.L. (1915) (Rowe & Gates, 1995). In family ... [details]


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