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Polychaeta taxon details

Laonome Malmgren, 1866

129534  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:129534)

accepted
Genus
Laonome kroyeri Malmgren, 1866 (type by monotypy)
Species Laonome albicingillum Hsieh, 1995
Species Laonome andamanensis Fitzhugh, 2002
Species Laonome calida Capa, 2007
Species Laonome elegans Gravier, 1906
Species Laonome indica Southern, 1921
Species Laonome kroyeri Malmgren, 1866
Species Laonome tangguensis Sun & Yang, 2014
Species Laonome triangularis Hutchings & Murray, 1984
Species Laonome tridentata Moore & Bush, 1904
Species Laonome xeprovala Bick & Bastrop, in Bick et al., 2018

Species Laonome antarctica Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Perkinsiana antarctica (Kinberg, 1867) (superseded original combination)
Species Laonome arenosa Treadwell, 1943 accepted as Sabellastarte indica (Savigny, 1822) accepted as Sabellastarte spectabilis (Grube, 1878) (subjective synonym)
Species Laonome ceratodaula (Schmarda, 1861) accepted as Pseudobranchiomma ceratodaula (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Laonome cirrata [no such taxon, wrong genus name] accepted as Laonice cirrata (M. Sars, 1851) (misspelling of intended genus Laonice)
Species Laonome haeckelii McIntosh, 1885 accepted as Hypsicomus torquatus (Grube, 1877) (subjective synonym)
Species Laonome japonica Marenzeller, 1884 accepted as Sabellastarte indica (Savigny, 1822) accepted as Sabellastarte spectabilis (Grube, 1878) (subjective synonym)
Species Laonome kroeyeri [misspelling for kroyeri] accepted as Laonome kroyeri Malmgren, 1866 (original spelling altered to 'kroeyeri', but is a misspelling as not a German diacritic originally)
Species Laonome oculifera Treadwell, 1914 accepted as Pseudopotamilla occelata Moore, 1905 (subjective synonym)
Species Laonome punctata Treadwell, 1906 accepted as Sabellastarte indica (Savigny, 1822) accepted as Sabellastarte spectabilis (Grube, 1878) (subjective synonym)
Species Laonome punctata Treadwell, 1906 accepted as Pseudobranchiomma punctata (Treadwell, 1906) (Comb. nov.)
Species Laonome salmacidis Claparède, 1869 accepted as Euratella salmacidis (Claparède, 1869) (superseded original combination)
Species Laonome sanjuanensis Treadwell, 1941 accepted as Branchiomma sanjuanense (Treadwell, 1941) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
feminine
Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 400 [details]   
Etymology Not stated. However, Laonome is a female name in Classical Greece. In Greek mythology Laonome, sister of Heracles, was...  
Etymology Not stated. However, Laonome is a female name in Classical Greece. In Greek mythology Laonome, sister of Heracles, was married to Polyphemus, one of the Argonauts (a different man from the blinded giant Polyphemus of the Odyssey) [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Laonome Malmgren, 1866. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=129534 on 2019-11-18
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-03 06:51:11Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2018-09-27 23:44:00Z
changed

original description Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 400 [details]   

taxonomy source Bick, Andreas; Bastrop, Ralf; Kotta, Jonne; Meißner, Karin; Meyer, Marin; Syomin, Vitaly. (2018). Description of a new species of Sabellidae (Polychaeta, Annelida) from fresh and brackish waters in Europe, with some remarks on the branchial crown of Laonome. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4483(2): 349-364., available online at https://biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4483.2.7
page(s): 352; note: emendation of genus diagnosis [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis (Emended Bick et al, 2018)
Six to twelve thoracic and numerous abdominal chaetigers. More than three pairs of radioles; radiolar skeleton composed of two interdigitated cell rows. Dorsal lips and ventral lips fused. Parallel lamella present. Radiolar appendages, dorsal pinnular appendages and ventral radiolar appendages present or absent. Palmate membrane present or absent. Anterior peristomial ring with ventral lobe or of equal height all around; posterior peristomial ring collar present. Ciliary patch formed by the parallel lamella extending the entire mid-ventral length of the collar. Transverse ridge at the junction of the posterior peristomial ring and first chaetiger. Thorax with superior narrowly hooded and inferior paleate notochaetae, and neuropodial avicular uncini with main fang, apical with several rows of small teeth, without handle; companion chaetae present or absent. Abdominal chaetigers with broadly-hooded neurochaetae, and notopodia with avicular uncini with main fang, apical with several rows of small teeth, without handle. Pygidium without eyes and cirri. [details]

Etymology Not stated. However, Laonome is a female name in Classical Greece. In Greek mythology Laonome, sister of Heracles, was married to Polyphemus, one of the Argonauts (a different man from the blinded giant Polyphemus of the Odyssey) [details]

Grammatical gender Feminine. Laonome is a Classical Greece female personal name [details]
 



Laonome kroyeri Malmgren, 1865
 Laonome kroyeri Mal...
[image from typetaxon]

Laonome kroyeri Malmgren, 1865
 Laonome kroyeri Mal...
[image from typetaxon]

Laonome kroyeri Malmgren, 1865
 Laonome kroyeri Mal...
[image from typetaxon]