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Polychaeta taxon details

Nephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780)

130355  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130355)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Nereis caeca Fabricius, 1780) Fabricius, O.; Berry, S. S.; Roper, C. F. E.;. (1780). Fauna Groenlandica : systematice sistens animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque : synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores Othonis Fabricii. 450pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/48073#page/7/mode/1up [details]   
Type locality contained in Greenlandic part of the Arctic Ocean  
type locality contained in Greenlandic part of the Arctic Ocean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Distribution Arctic to Gulf of St. Lawrence to off Rhode Island  
Distribution Arctic to Gulf of St. Lawrence to off Rhode Island [details]

Distribution N. caeca occurs in small numbers in a broad region parallel to the coast. lt is even more scarce in the offshore part of...  
Distribution N. caeca occurs in small numbers in a broad region parallel to the coast. lt is even more scarce in the offshore part of the Dutch Continental Shelf, where it is only recorded from the Dogger Bank, the Cleaver Bank and the eastern part of the Oyster Ground. The species also occurs in the low intertidal zone of the Delta area and the Wadden Sea. Because of its size the biomass of N. caeca can be locally important. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Nephtys caeca (Fabricius, 1780). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130355 on 2019-09-22
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

original description  (of Nephtys bononensis Quatrefages, 1850) Quatrefages, A. (1850). Études sur les types inferieurs de l'embranchement des Annelés. Sur la circulation des Annelides. <em>Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris.</em> 14(3): 281-398. [details]   

original description  (of Nephthys hirsuta Dalyell, 1853) Dalyell, John Graham. (1853). The Powers of the Creator displayed in the Creation: or, observations on life amidst the various forms of the humbler tribes of animated nature with practical comments and illustrations. <b>volume 2 [Vermes, etc]</b> pp.359. John van Voorst. London., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18804951 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Nephthys ingens Stimpson, 1854) Stimpson, W. (1853). Synopsis of the marine Invertebrata of Grand Manan: or the region about the mouth of the Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick. <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge.</em> 6: 1-66, pls 1-3., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/73632 [details]   

original description  (of Nephthys margaritacea Johnston, 1835) Johnston, George 1835. Illustrations in British Zoology. 37. Néphtys Cuvier. Magazine of Natural History, London, 8: 341-343. [details]   

original description  (of Nephthys nudipes Ehlers, 1868) Ehlers, E. H. (1868). Die Borstenwürmer (Annelida Chaetopoda) nach systematischen und anatomischen Untersuchungen dargestellt. <em>Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.</em> 2: 269-748, plates XII-XXIV., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1985162 [details]   

original description  (of Nephthys oerstedii Quatrefages, 1866) Quatrefages, A. de. (1866 (1865)). Histoire naturelle des Annelés marins et d'eau douce. Annélides et Géphyriens. <em>Librarie Encyclopédique de Roret. Paris.</em> <b>Volume 1.</b> 1-588., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=FV9IAAAAYAAJ [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Nereis caeca Fabricius, 1780) Fabricius, O.; Berry, S. S.; Roper, C. F. E.;. (1780). Fauna Groenlandica : systematice sistens animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque : synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores Othonis Fabricii. 450pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/48073#page/7/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (of Nereis (Nephtys) lineata Dalyell, 1853) Dalyell, John Graham. (1853). The Powers of the Creator displayed in the Creation: or, observations on life amidst the various forms of the humbler tribes of animated nature with practical comments and illustrations. <b>volume 2 [Vermes, etc]</b> pp.359. John van Voorst. London., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/18804951 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Nephtys caeca var. ciliata McIntosh, 1908) McIntosh, W. C. (1908). A monograph of British Annelids. <em>Ray Society of London, II. Part I. Polychaeta. Nephthydidae to Syllidae.</em> 2: 1-232., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McInA
page(s): 13 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Census of Marine Life (2012). SYNDEEP: Towards a first global synthesis of biodiversity, biogeography and ecosystem function in the deep sea. Unpublished data (datasetID: 38), available online at http://www.comlsecretariat.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/SYNDEEP-Towards-a-first-global-synthesis-of-biodiversity-biogeography-and-ecosystem-function-in-the-deep-sea-Eva-Ramirez-Llodra-et-al..pdf [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (BeRMS 2020) Bio-environmental research group; Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries research (ILVO), Belgium; (2015): Macrobenthos monitoring in function of the Water Framework Directive in the period 2007-2009. [details]   

basis of record Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C  [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. <em>Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper.</em> 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. <em>2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2.</em> 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source McIntosh, W. C. (1908). A monograph of British Annelids. <em>Ray Society of London, II. Part I. Polychaeta. Nephthydidae to Syllidae.</em> 2: 1-232., available online at http://www.archive.org/details/monographBritis2McInA [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. <em>Northeastern Naturalist.</em> 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Vieitez, J.M.; M.A.; Alós, C.; Parapar, J.; Besteiro, C.; Moreira, J.; Nunez, J.; Laborda, J.; and San Martin, G. (2004). Annelida Polychaeta I. Fauna Iberica. Ramos, M.A. et al (Eds.). Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Vol. 25:1-530 [sections separate authorship not recognised here]. [details]   

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From other sources
Biology The sexes are separate and individuals breed several times over a number of years in the periods April-May and August. The larvae are planktonic. N. caeca starts reproducing in its second year of life and lives for a period of about 7 years.


N. caeca is a predator moving through the top layer of the sediment in search for molluscs, crustaceans and other polychaetes. The species is eaten by juveniles of haddock and thornback (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Wolff, 1973; Curtis, 1977; Fauchald & Jumars, 1979; Sips, 1988; Fish & Fish, 1989; Olive & Morgan, 1991). [details]

Distribution Arctic to Gulf of St. Lawrence to off Rhode Island [details]

Distribution N. caeca occurs in small numbers in a broad region parallel to the coast. lt is even more scarce in the offshore part of the Dutch Continental Shelf, where it is only recorded from the Dogger Bank, the Cleaver Bank and the eastern part of the Oyster Ground. The species also occurs in the low intertidal zone of the Delta area and the Wadden Sea. Because of its size the biomass of N. caeca can be locally important. [details]

Habitat intertidal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Habitat The species occurs in a wide variety of sediments ranging from coarse to fine muddy sand. [details]

Morphology A member of the family Nephtyidae that can reach a considerable size, viz. maximally 200 mm long with up to 150 segments. The head is relatively small and rectangular, with short antennae on the frontal corners giving it a T-shape. Like all nephtyids it has a large eversible, muscular proboscis with internal jaws. The first segment is reduced and bears two pairs of finger-like cirri. The rest of the body is square in cross section with prominent, powerful bilobed parapodia with curved gilis in between the lobes. The body is whitish to greenish brown, with a lightly iridescent cuticle and red gills (Hartmann-Schröder, 1971; Sips, 1988; Fish & Fish, 1989; Hayward & Ryland, 1990; Rainer, 1991). [details]
 

LanguageName 
German Blindwurm  [details]
Japanese ハヤテシロガネゴカイ  [details]
To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 072348)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
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