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Polychaeta taxon details

Levinsenia gracilis (Tauber, 1879)

130578  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:130578)

accepted
Species
Aonides gracilis Tauber, 1879 (superseded original combination)
Levinsenia gracilis minuta (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) (recombination of subjective synonym)
Paraonis gracilis (Tauber, 1879) (superseded combination)
Paraonis gracilis gracilis (Tauber, 1879) (superseded subsequent combination)
Tauberia gracilis (Tauber, 1879) (superseded recombination, generic synonym by ICZN ruling)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Aonides gracilis Tauber, 1879) Tauber, P. (1879). Annulata Danica. En Kritisk Revision af de i Danmark Fundne Annulata Chaetognatha, Gephyrea, Balanoglossi, Discophoreae, Oligochaeta, Gymnocopa og Polychaeta. <em>Reitzel. K benhavn.</em> 1-143. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 115-116 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Danish Exclusive Economic Zone  
type locality contained in Danish Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Distribution Gulf of St. Lawrence to Massachusetts; Antarctic; Bering Sea; Greenland; Iceland; Faroes  
Distribution Gulf of St. Lawrence to Massachusetts; Antarctic; Bering Sea; Greenland; Iceland; Faroes [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Levinsenia gracilis (Tauber, 1879). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=130578 on 2020-09-26
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

original description  (of Paraonis gracilis minuta Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) Hartmann-Schröder, Gesa. (1965). Zur Kenntnis des Sublitorals der chilenischen Küste unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Polychaeten und Ostracoden. II Die Polychaeten des Sublitorals. <em>Mitteilungen aus dem Hamburgischen zoologischen Museum und Institut.</em> 62 supplement: 59-305.
page(s): 197-198, figs. 181-182 [details]   

original description  (of Paraonis filiformis Hartman, 1953) Hartman, O. 1953. Non-pelagic polychaeta of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903. Further Zoological Results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903, 4(11): 1-83.
page(s): 39-40, fig. 12b-c [details]   

original description  (of Paraonis ivanovi Annenkova, 1934) Annenkova, N. P. 1934. Paraoniden der Meeren des Fernen Osten der USSR. Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR, 3(8-9): 656-658. [details]   

original description  (of Aonides gracilis Tauber, 1879) Tauber, P. (1879). Annulata Danica. En Kritisk Revision af de i Danmark Fundne Annulata Chaetognatha, Gephyrea, Balanoglossi, Discophoreae, Oligochaeta, Gymnocopa og Polychaeta. <em>Reitzel. K benhavn.</em> 1-143. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 115-116 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Lovell, Lawrence L.; Fitzhugh, Kirk. (2020). Taking a closer look: an SEM review of <em>Levinsenia</em> species (Polychaeta: Paraonidae) reported from California. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4751(2): 256-275., available online at https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4751.2.3
page(s): 259, figures 1A–D; 2A–D, 7A, B; note: records for California and a description, and stated to be cosmopolitan in distribution [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Fleddum, A. L. (2010). Effects of Human Disturbance on Biologiccal Traits and Structure of Macrobenthic Communities. <em>PhD Thesis. City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.</em>  [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1996). Annelida, Borstenwürmer, Polychaeta [Annelida, bristleworms, Polychaeta]. <em>2nd revised ed. The fauna of Germany and adjacent seas with their characteristics and ecology, 58. Gustav Fischer: Jena, Germany. ISBN 3-437-35038-2.</em> 648 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pettibone, M. H. (1952). Checklist of Polychaeta of New England region. 1-32. [details]   

additional source Hartley, J.P. (1981). The family Paraonidae (Polychaeta) in British waters: a new species and new records with a key to species. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.</em> 61(01): 133-149., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0025315400045975
page(s): 146 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Glasby, C.J.; Read, G.B.; Lee, K.E.; Blakemore, R.J.; Fraser, P.M.; Pinder, A.M.; Erséus, C.; Moser, W.E.; Burreson, E.M.; Govedich, F.R.; Davies, R.W.; Dawson, E.W. (2009). Phylum Annelida: bristleworms, earthworms, leeches, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 312-358. [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K.; Granados-Barba, A.; Solís-Weiss, V. (2009). Polychaeta (Annelida) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 751–788 in D.L. Felder and D.K. Camp (eds.). <em>Gulf of Mexico. Origin, Waters, and Biota. Volume 1, Biodiversity.</em> Texas A&M University Press, College Station, Texas., available online at https://books.google.es/books?id=CphA8hiwaFIC&lpg=PR1&pg=PA751 [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. <em>Northeastern Naturalist.</em> 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Blake, J.A. 1996. Family Paraonidae Cerruti, 1909. pages 27-70. IN: Blake, James A.; Hilbig, Brigitte; and Scott, Paul H. Taxonomic Atlas of the Benthic Fauna of the Santa Maria Basin and Western Santa Barbara Channel. 6 - The Annelida Part 3. Polychaeta: Orbiniidae to Cossuridae. Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History. Santa Barbara [details]   

new combination reference Mesnil, Felix. (1897). Études de morphologie externe chez les Annélides. II. Remarques complémentaires sur les Spionidiens. La famille nouvelle des Disomidiens. La place des Aonides (sensu Tauber, Levinsen). <em>Bulletin scientifique de la France et de la Belgique.</em> 30: 83-100., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10721719
page(s): 99; note: uses the new combination in the figure captions but not in the text on p.93 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Nontype (of Paraonis gracilis minuta Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) ZMH, geounit Canal Chacao [details]
Nontype (of Paraonis gracilis minuta Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) ZMH, geounit Canal Desertores [details]
Nontype (of Paraonis gracilis minuta Hartmann-Schröder, 1965) ZMH, geounit Punta Topocalma [details]
From editor or global species database
New combination Mesnil (1897: 93) in a heading names Levinsenia for Aonides sensu of Tauber and of Levinsen, and states it is a genus for Aonides fulgens and Aonides gracilis. Here in the text he does not use these species names as combinations in Levinsenia. However, he does use the new combinations Levinsenia fulgens and Levinsenia gracilis in the figure captions on page 99. Thus Mesnil (1897) is the first usage of these combinations, and not Mesnil & Caullery (1898: 136–138) where L. gracilis is again figured. [details]

From other sources
Distribution Gulf of St. Lawrence to Massachusetts; Antarctic; Bering Sea; Greenland; Iceland; Faroes [details]

Habitat bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese イトヒメエラゴカイ  [details]