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Polychaeta taxon details

Polycirrus medusa Grube, 1850

131531  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131531)

accepted
Species
Ereutho smitti Malmgren, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Leucariste smitti (Malmgren, 1866) (recombination of subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Grube, Adolf Eduard. (1850). Die Familien der Anneliden. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 16(1): 249-364., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6958350
page(s): 330; note: is a 10 word description [details]   
Note NEOTYPE: MNHN 1545 (Glasby and Hutchings 2014:...  
Type locality NEOTYPE: MNHN 1545 (Glasby and Hutchings 2014: 71). Anse du Rouet, west of Marseille, France, 43.3331°, 5.1528° (43°19ʹ59ʺ N, 5°09ʹ10ʺ E) 1.8 m. This location is probably not accurate as it is inland [details]
Type locality original type locality of Grube was Villa Franca, near Nice, Mediterranean Sea coast, France [details]
Type material Glasby & Hutchings (2014: 14) considered the type material of the genus Polycirrus Grube, 1850, P. medusa Grube, 1850, from "Villa Franca" (= Villefranche-sur-Mer, near Nice, France, Mediterranean Sea) to be lost, and designated a neotype from Anse du Rouet, just west of Marseille (France, Mediterranean Sea). However, Ssolowiew (1899: 186) refers two possible types deposited in the collection of the “Zoologischen Museum der Akademie” (= Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg, nowadays Zoological Museum of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg). These possible types would had been used by Grube to establish the new genus and species: “Im Zoologischen Museum der Akademie fanden sich zwei Exemplare dieser letzteren Art [Terebella medusa], die Grube zur Aufstellung seiner neuen Gattung und Art bewogen haben. Eines dieser typischen Exemplare ist in zwei Bruchstücke getheilt—den vorderen Theil mit dem Kopflappen (15 Segmente, 19 mm. lang, 41/2 mm. breit) und den mittleren Theil des Wurmes (6. Segm., 8 mm. lang, 3 mm. breit). Das zweite, intakte Exemplar besteht aus 48 Segmenten und ist 15 mm. lang und 2 mm. breit. Die nähere Untersuchung dieser beiden Typen von Polycirrus medusa des Mittelländischen Meeres hat mich von seiner Identität mit Leucariste smitti des Weissen Meeres überzeugt. ” [details]
Distribution Saguenay Fjord, southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern...  
Distribution Saguenay Fjord, southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley), lower St. Lawrence estuary, Prince Edward Island (from the northern tip of Miscou Island, N.B. to Cape Breton Island south of Cheticamp, including the Northumberland Strait and Georges Bay to the Canso Strait causeway), Laurentian Channel (bathyal zone)(=Honguedo Strait), lower North Shore, Laurentian Channel (bathyal zone ) to the northeast of Anticosti Island (=Jacques Cartier Strait), Laurentian Channel (bathyal zone)(=Esquiman Channel), North and South slope of Anticosti Island; Cobscook Bay to Cape Hatteras [details]

Taxonomy Subfamily: Polycirrinae, according to Trott (2004).  
Taxonomy Subfamily: Polycirrinae, according to Trott (2004). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Polycirrus medusa Grube, 1850. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=131531 on 2020-07-11
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed

original description Grube, Adolf Eduard. (1850). Die Familien der Anneliden. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte, Berlin.</em> 16(1): 249-364., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/6958350
page(s): 330; note: is a 10 word description [details]   

original description  (of Ereutho smitti Malmgren, 1866) Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 391-392, plate XXIII fig. 63 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (BeRMS 2020) Bio-environmental research group; Institute of Agricultural and Fisheries research (ILVO), Belgium; (2016): Macrobenthos monitoring at long-term monitoring stations in the Belgian part of the North Sea from 2001 on. [details]   

additional source Hessle, Christian. (1917). Zur Kenntnis der terebellomorphen Polychaeten. <em>Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala.</em> 5: 39-258, plates I-V., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38891407 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. <em>Northeastern Naturalist.</em> 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. <em>Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series.</em> 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

additional source Bellan, G. (2001). Polychaeta, <i>in</i>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 214-231. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. <em>John Wiley & Sons, Inc.</em> 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. <em>Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France.</em> 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

redescription Glasby, Christopher J.; Hutchings, Patricia A. (2014). Revision of the taxonomy of <em>Polycirrus</em> Grube, 1850 (Annelida: Terebellida: Polycirridae). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3877(1): 1-117., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3877.1.1
page(s): 71; note: redescription and designation of neotype [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

redescription Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Neotype MNHN 1545, geounit Marseille [details]
From editor or global species database
Type locality NEOTYPE: MNHN 1545 (Glasby and Hutchings 2014: 71). Anse du Rouet, west of Marseille, France, 43.3331°, 5.1528° (43°19ʹ59ʺ N, 5°09ʹ10ʺ E) 1.8 m. This location is probably not accurate as it is inland [details]

Type locality original type locality of Grube was Villa Franca, near Nice, Mediterranean Sea coast, France [details]

Type material Glasby & Hutchings (2014: 14) considered the type material of the genus Polycirrus Grube, 1850, P. medusa Grube, 1850, from "Villa Franca" (= Villefranche-sur-Mer, near Nice, France, Mediterranean Sea) to be lost, and designated a neotype from Anse du Rouet, just west of Marseille (France, Mediterranean Sea). However, Ssolowiew (1899: 186) refers two possible types deposited in the collection of the “Zoologischen Museum der Akademie” (= Musée Zoologique de l’Académie Impériale des Sciences de St. Pétersbourg, nowadays Zoological Museum of the Zoological Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg). These possible types would had been used by Grube to establish the new genus and species: “Im Zoologischen Museum der Akademie fanden sich zwei Exemplare dieser letzteren Art [Terebella medusa], die Grube zur Aufstellung seiner neuen Gattung und Art bewogen haben. Eines dieser typischen Exemplare ist in zwei Bruchstücke getheilt—den vorderen Theil mit dem Kopflappen (15 Segmente, 19 mm. lang, 41/2 mm. breit) und den mittleren Theil des Wurmes (6. Segm., 8 mm. lang, 3 mm. breit). Das zweite, intakte Exemplar besteht aus 48 Segmenten und ist 15 mm. lang und 2 mm. breit. Die nähere Untersuchung dieser beiden Typen von Polycirrus medusa des Mittelländischen Meeres hat mich von seiner Identität mit Leucariste smitti des Weissen Meeres überzeugt. ” [details]

From other sources
Distribution Saguenay Fjord, southern Gaspe waters (Baie des Chaleurs, Gaspe Bay to American, Orphan and Bradelle banks; eastern boundary: eastern Bradelle Valley), lower St. Lawrence estuary, Prince Edward Island (from the northern tip of Miscou Island, N.B. to Cape Breton Island south of Cheticamp, including the Northumberland Strait and Georges Bay to the Canso Strait causeway), Laurentian Channel (bathyal zone)(=Honguedo Strait), lower North Shore, Laurentian Channel (bathyal zone ) to the northeast of Anticosti Island (=Jacques Cartier Strait), Laurentian Channel (bathyal zone)(=Esquiman Channel), North and South slope of Anticosti Island; Cobscook Bay to Cape Hatteras [details]

Habitat bathyal and infralittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Taxonomy Subfamily: Polycirrinae, according to Trott (2004). [details]