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Polychaeta name details

Spirorbis borealis Daudin, 1800

155235  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:155235)

 unaccepted (objective junior synonym, unnecessary replacement name)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
Daudin, François Marie. (1800). Receuil de mémoires et de notes sur des espèces inédites ou peu connues de Mollusques, de vers et de zoophytes. xviii & 19-50. Fuchs & Treuttel et Wurtz. Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96153
page(s): 38 [details]   

(of Serpula spirorbis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 787 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Type locality contained in France  
type locality contained in France [details]
Note Linnaeus does not give a country location, and...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Linnaeus does not give a country location, and nor does Daudin. North Sea & Channel might be assumed. Linnaeus gives the habitat as "in Oceani & Pelagi Fucis, Zoophytis", and Daudin is silent on location. [details]
Distribution Gulf of St. Lawrence (unspecified region), northern Gaspe water, downstream part of middle St. Lawrence estuary, lower St....  
Distribution Gulf of St. Lawrence (unspecified region), northern Gaspe water, downstream part of middle St. Lawrence estuary, lower St. Lawrence estuary, Prince Edward Island (from the northern tip of Miscou Island, N.B. to Cape Breton Island south of Cheticamp, including the Northumberland Strait and Georges Bay to the Canso Strait causeway), lower North Shore; western slope of Newfoundland, including the southern part of the Strait of Belle Isle but excluding the upper 50m in the area southwest of Newfoundland; Acadian, north side of Cape Cod to Newfoundland, extending south of the subprovince boundary, including Cobscook Bay [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Spirorbis borealis Daudin, 1800. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=155235 on 2019-08-19
Date
action
by
2005-04-25 07:40:18Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2013-01-19 12:26:44Z
changed
2019-06-08 05:21:30Z
changed
2019-06-13 01:28:19Z
changed
2019-06-15 03:18:21Z
changed

original description Daudin, François Marie. (1800). Receuil de mémoires et de notes sur des espèces inédites ou peu connues de Mollusques, de vers et de zoophytes. xviii & 19-50. Fuchs & Treuttel et Wurtz. Paris., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/96153
page(s): 38 [details]   

original description  (of Serpula spirorbis Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 787 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. <em>Northeastern Naturalist.</em> 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dauvin, J.-C.; Dewarumez, J.-M.; Gentil, F. (2003). Liste actualisée des espèces d'Annélides Polychètes présentes en Manche [An up to date list of polychaetous annelids from the English Channel]. <em>Cahiers de Biologie Marine.</em> 44(1): 67-95., available online at http://www.sb-roscoff.fr/sites/www.sb-roscoff.fr/files/documents/station-biologique-roscoff-dauvinal2003-3835.pdf
note: listing [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Appy, T.D., L.E. Linkletter and M.J. Dadswell. 1980. A guide to the marine flora and fauna of the Bay of Fundy: Annelida: Polychaeta. Fisheries & Marine Service Technical Report No. 920. 124 p. [details]   

additional source Brunel, P.; Bosse, L.; Lamarche, G. (1998). Catalogue of the marine invertebrates of the estuary and Gulf of St. Lawrence. <em>Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 126.</em> 405 p. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Pollock, L.W. (1998). A practical guide to the marine animals of northeastern North America. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey & London. 367 pp., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=i1AmT31cuR4C  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Synonymy Spirorbis borealis is clearly an objective (not subjective) synonym of Serpula spirorbis (now Spirorbis spirorbis), as it is presented as Daudin's (unnecessary) replacement name for the original 'spirorbis' species-group name of Linnaeus.
.
Later authors through the 20th century often preferred to use the name Spirorbis borealis, rather than the name Spirorbis spirorbis, but this is untenable as Spirorbis spirorbis has no defect in its nomenclature, and is the same species as S. borealis, and has priority. A relatively modern example of this is in De Silva & Knight-Jones (1962: 602) where they include Serpula spirorbis Linnaeus as the first name in their synonymy (for "S. (Laeospira) borealis"), before on the next line they have Spirorbis borealis. This does not make any sense. By 1977 (Knight-Jones & Knight-Jones: 458) the Knight-Joneses had realized this, and were using Spirorbis spirorbis as the valid name, with S. borealis as its junior synonym [details]

Type locality Linnaeus does not give a country location, and nor does Daudin. North Sea & Channel might be assumed. Linnaeus gives the habitat as "in Oceani & Pelagi Fucis, Zoophytis", and Daudin is silent on location. [details]

From other sources
Distribution Gulf of St. Lawrence (unspecified region), northern Gaspe water, downstream part of middle St. Lawrence estuary, lower St. Lawrence estuary, Prince Edward Island (from the northern tip of Miscou Island, N.B. to Cape Breton Island south of Cheticamp, including the Northumberland Strait and Georges Bay to the Canso Strait causeway), lower North Shore; western slope of Newfoundland, including the southern part of the Strait of Belle Isle but excluding the upper 50m in the area southwest of Newfoundland; Acadian, north side of Cape Cod to Newfoundland, extending south of the subprovince boundary, including Cobscook Bay [details]

Habitat Found from the intertidal zone to 30 m depth, attached to kelps, Irish moss and other algae [details]

Reproduction Hermaphroditic, the forward segments of the abdomen being female and the rear ones being male [details]
LanguageName 
Dutch spiraalkokerworm  [details]
English sinistral spiral tubeworm  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (USNM 16382 Specimen-1)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (USNM 16382 Specimen-2)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]