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Polychaeta taxon details

Nicon maculata Kinberg, 1865

173742  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:173742)

accepted
Species
Nicon benhami Hartman, 1967 (subjective synonym)
Nicon ehlersi Hartman, 1953 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J.G.H. (1865). Annulata nova. [Continuatio.]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(2): 167-179., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339443
page(s): 178; note: from La Plata [details]   
Holotype  SMNH 493, geounit Mar del Plata  
Holotype SMNH 493, geounit Mar del Plata [details]
Type locality contained in Rio de la Plata  
type locality contained in Rio de la Plata [details]
Note Off the mouth of La Plata River, Argentina,...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Off the mouth of La Plata River, Argentina, Atlantic Ocean (gazetteer estimate -37°, -56°). [details]
Type material Holotype deposited in the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden (NRS 493). [details]
Depth range 92-1153 m; holotype collected in shallow water ['summa aqua'].  
Depth range 92-1153 m; holotype collected in shallow water ['summa aqua']. [details]

Distribution Southwestern Atlantic Ocean (off La Plata River) to Southern Ocean; species common in Antarctic and Subantarctic waters.   
Distribution Southwestern Atlantic Ocean (off La Plata River) to Southern Ocean; species common in Antarctic and Subantarctic waters.  [details]

Etymology Not stated, uncertain. The specific epithet maculata is a Latin adjective meaning 'stained' or 'spotted', and presumably...  
Etymology Not stated, uncertain. The specific epithet maculata is a Latin adjective meaning 'stained' or 'spotted', and presumably refers to the coloration or color pattern of the species, in spite that it is not referred in the original description by Kinberg (1865: 178). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Nicon maculata Kinberg, 1865. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=173742 on 2019-12-12
Date
action
by
2005-07-13 08:37:11Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2019-03-26 23:28:45Z
changed

original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1865). Annulata nova. [Continuatio.]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(2): 167-179., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339443
page(s): 178; note: from La Plata [details]   

original description  (of Nicon benhami Hartman, 1967) Hartman, Olga. (1967). Polychaetous annelids collected by the USNS Eltanin and Staten Island cruises, chiefly from Antarctic Seas. <em>Allan Hancock Monographs in Marine Biology.</em> 2: 1-387.
page(s): 66-67, plate 18 figs. A-C [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Nicon ehlersi Hartman, 1953) Hartman, O. 1953. Non-pelagic polychaeta of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903. Further Zoological Results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-1903, 4(11): 1-83.
page(s): 29 [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Census of Marine Life (2012). SYNDEEP: Towards a first global synthesis of biodiversity, biogeography and ecosystem function in the deep sea. Unpublished data (datasetID: 59), available online at http://www.comlsecretariat.org/wp-content/uploads/2010/06/SYNDEEP-Towards-a-first-global-synthesis-of-biodiversity-biogeography-and-ecosystem-function-in-the-deep-sea-Eva-Ramirez-Llodra-et-al..pdf [details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. <i>Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review</i>. 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription Hartman, Olga. (1948). The marine annelids erected by Kinberg. With some notes on some other types in the Swedish State Museum. <em>Arkiv för Zoologi.</em> 42(1): 1-137, & plates 1-18.
page(s): 58; note: based in holotype [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype SMNH 493, geounit Mar del Plata [details]
Syntype (of Nicon ehlersi Hartman, 1953) SMNH 3863, geounit Burdwood Bank [details]
From editor or global species database
Depth range 92-1153 m; holotype collected in shallow water ['summa aqua']. [details]

Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Kinberg (1865: 178): "Lobus cephalicus ovalis, segmentis binis proximis longior, fronte angustiore nec compressa, margine posteriore integro; oculi mediocres; antennae approximatae dimidiam longitudinem lobi cephalici aequantes, apicibus palporum breviores; cirri tentaculares laeves, breves: paris 3:ii segmentum 7 attingunt; dentes maxillae 7.[details]

Distribution Southwestern Atlantic Ocean (off La Plata River) to Southern Ocean; species common in Antarctic and Subantarctic waters.  [details]

Etymology Not stated, uncertain. The specific epithet maculata is a Latin adjective meaning 'stained' or 'spotted', and presumably refers to the coloration or color pattern of the species, in spite that it is not referred in the original description by Kinberg (1865: 178). [details]

Habitat Algae, sand, gravel, stones, or mud, at shelf to bathyal depths. [details]

Reproduction  "Gravid females with no sign of epitoky have been found. Monro (1930:108, as Leptonereis loxechini) described a male heteronereid." (Pettibone, 1971: 11): [details]

Type locality Off the mouth of La Plata River, Argentina, Atlantic Ocean (gazetteer estimate -37°, -56°). [details]

Type material Holotype deposited in the Swedish Museum of Natural History, Stockholm, Sweden (NRS 493). [details]
 

To NMNH Extant Collection (Nicon benhami USNM 55513 specimen "a" dorsal view)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Nicon benhami USNM 55513 specimen "a" ventral view)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Nicon ehlersi USNM 56474 dorsal view)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Nicon ehlersi USNM 56474 ventral view)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally; from synonym]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Nicon maculata USNM 43395 mouth)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Nicon maculata USNM 43395 whole animal)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]