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Polychaeta taxon details

Polycirrini Malmgren, 1866

181512  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:181512)

accepted
Tribe
Polycirrinae Malmgren, 1866 (disused, placeholder entry for rank downgrade to tribe)
Genus Amaeana Hartman, 1959
Genus Biremis Polloni, Rowe & Teal, 1973
Genus Enoplobranchus Verrill, 1879
Genus Hauchiella Levinsen, 1893
Genus Lysilla Malmgren, 1866
Genus Polycirrus Grube, 1850

Genus Amaea Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Amaeana Hartman, 1959 (replaced junior homonym)
Genus Anisocirrus Gravier, 1905 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (subjective synonym)
Genus Aphlebina Claparède, 1864 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (subjective synonym)
Genus Apneumea Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (Subjective synonym)
Genus Chaetobranchus Verrill, 1873 accepted as Enoplobranchus Verrill, 1879 (replaced junior homonym)
Genus Cyaxares Kinberg, 1867 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (Subjective synonym)
Genus Dejoces Kinberg, 1867 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (subjective synonym)
Genus Ereutho Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (subjective synonym)
Genus Leucariste Malmgren, 1866 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (Subjective synonym)
Genus Litancyra Hutchings, 1977 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (Subjective synonym)
Genus Lysille Gravier, 1911 accepted as Lysilla Malmgren, 1866
Genus Pseudoampharete Hartmann-Schröder, 1960 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (subjective synonym)
Genus Torquea Leidy, 1855 accepted as Polycirrus Grube, 1850 (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 390; note: subfamily originally spelled as "Polycirridea" [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2020). World Polychaeta database. Polycirrini Malmgren, 1866. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=181512 on 2020-10-28
Date
action
by
2005-09-21 08:38:05Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-09-22 21:25:12Z
changed
2019-09-10 22:09:26Z
changed
2020-07-16 23:23:53Z
changed

original description Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 390; note: subfamily originally spelled as "Polycirridea" [details]   

original description  (of Polycirrinae Malmgren, 1866) Malmgren, Anders Johan. (1866). Nordiska Hafs-Annulater. [part three of three]. <em>Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm.</em> 22(5): 355-410, plates XVIII-XXIX., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/32339631
page(s): 390; note: as a subfamily, but originally spelled Polycirridea [details]   

taxonomy source Holthe, T. (1986). Evolution, systematics, and distribution of the Polychaeta Terebellomorpha, with a catalogue of the taxa and a bibliography. <em>Gunneria.</em> 55: 1-236., available online at http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:331918/FULLTEXT01.pdf [details]   

taxonomy source Nogueira, João Miguel de Matos; Fitzhugh, Kirk; Hutchings, Pat. 2013. The continuing challenge of phylogenetic relationships in Terebelliformia (Annelida : Polychaeta). Invertebrate Systematics 27(2): 186-238, available online at http://www.publish.csiro.au/paper/IS12062 [details]   

taxonomy source Stiller, Josefin; Tilic, Ekin; Rousset, Vincent; Pleijel, Fredrick; Rouse, Greg W. (2020). Spaghetti to a tree: A robust phylogeny for Terebelliformia (Annelida) based on transcriptomes, molecular and morphological Data. <em>Biology.</em> 9(4): 73 [29 pp. + supplementary material]., available online at https://doi.org/10.3390/biology9040073 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Malmgren, A.J. (1867). Annulata Polychaeta Spetsbergiæ, Grœnlandiæ, Islandiæ et Scandinaviæ. Hactenus Cognita. Ex Officina Frenckelliana, Helsingforslæ. 127 pp. & XIV plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13358
page(s): 111 [details]   

additional source Claus, Carl. (1880). Grundzüge der Zoologie, zum wissenschaftlichen gebrauche [fourth edition]. <em>[text book].</em> 1: 1-822. N.G. Elwert'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Marburg., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/913950
page(s): 495; note: usage of Polycirrinae [details]   
From editor or global species database
Classification Nogueira, Fitzhugh and Hutchings (2013: 235-236) considered subfamily Polycirrinae as family Polycirridae after morphological cladistic analysis of Terebellomorphs. Herein, this change was not adopted. Subsequently Stiller et al (2020), after a molecular analysis, reduced Polycirrinae to tribe rank within subfamily Terebellinae. This change has been adopted.

According to Stiller et al (2020: 14 of 28] "Polycirrini are therefore simplified terebellids that have lost their branchiae, reversed the [character of] double rows of uncini that characterize Terebellinae and [have] reduced chaetae in some species. Their affliation with Terebellidae was previously suggested because they all share palps inserting outside of the mouth and their glandular shields. Phylogenetic analyses based on morphological data found Polycirrini inside of Thelepodinae, as the sister group to Terebellinae+Thelepodinae, or as the sister group to all other Terebelliformia. The latter result we also recover […] It is possible that the high degree of non-applicable morphological characters due to the absence of branchiae and often also of chaetae produced these placements of Polycirrini, which differ markedly from the hypothesis strongly supported by both Sanger-sequenced genes and transcriptomic data. " [details]