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Polychaeta name details

Mitraria Müller, 1851

324789  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:324789)

 unaccepted (plankton larval stage belonging to Oweniidae, including Owenia)
Genus

Species Mitraria intermedia Häcker, 1898 (nomen dubium, indeterminable larval form)
Species Mitraria muelleri Häcker, 1898 (nomen dubium, indeterminable larval form)
Species Mitraria pennata Häcker, 1898 (nomen dubium, indeterminable larval form)
Species Mitraria skifera Häcker, 1898 (nomen dubium, indeterminable larval form)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Müller, Johannes. (1851). Über die Jugendzustände einiger Seethiere. <em>Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Konigl. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin.</em> [year 1851]: 468-474., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11056580
page(s): 468; note: description without figures, no species name with genus [details]   
Etymology Not stated, but Mitraria is from the Greek for headdress (in modern times a mitre is a helmit-like headdress worn by senior...  
Etymology Not stated, but Mitraria is from the Greek for headdress (in modern times a mitre is a helmit-like headdress worn by senior clergy), presumably because of the mitre-shaped head of the planktonic larva and apparent lack of body [details]

Homonymy Mitraria Müller, 1851 would be junior to Mitraria Rafinesque, 1815 (Mollusca), if the latter was an available name....  
Homonymy Mitraria Müller, 1851 would be junior to Mitraria Rafinesque, 1815 (Mollusca), if the latter was an available name. Rafinesque's work is a survey of organisms, listing higher ranks down to genus. Rafinesque's Mitraria name (p. 145) is apparently a substitute or alternative-spelling name, established without diagnosis or included species, for Mitra Lamarck, 1798. Thus it is an incorrect subsequent spelling and not available. Mitraria Müller, 1851 is a senior homonym to Mitraria Bolivar 1887 (Orthoptera) Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, 31, 194, 253. Mitraria Bolivar has been replaced by either Mitritettix or Miriatra, with both names published in 1906. Note that Mitraria is also a genus used under the Botanical code, and is a genus in Gesneriaceae. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Mitraria Müller, 1851. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=324789 on 2019-11-19
Date
action
by
2008-03-05 14:39:51Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2018-04-29 02:27:09Z
changed
2019-01-15 23:02:02Z
changed
2019-01-17 00:47:49Z
changed

original description Müller, Johannes. (1851). Über die Jugendzustände einiger Seethiere. <em>Bericht über die zur Bekanntmachung geeigneten Verhandlungen der Konigl. Preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin.</em> [year 1851]: 468-474., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/11056580
page(s): 468; note: description without figures, no species name with genus [details]   

taxonomy source Müller, Johannes. (1854). Ueber verschiedene Formen von Seethieren. <em>Archiv für Anatomie, Physiologie und Wissenschaftliche Medicin.</em> pp. 69- 98, plates 4-6., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/50228
page(s): 88 and plate 5 & 6; note: Description and figures of Mitraria larvae, again without naming a species [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Häcker, Valentin. (1898). Die pelagischen Polychaeten- und Achaetenlarven der Plankton-Expedition. <em>Ergebnisse der in dem Atlantischen Ocean von Mitte Juli bis Anfang November 1889 ausgeführten Plankton-Expedition der Humboldt-Stiftung.</em> 2 (H.d.): 1-50, plates I-V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2129377
note: Häcker names Mitraria larvae from the plankton as four species, Mitraria muelleri, M. skifera, M. pennata, M. intermedia [details]   

additional source Metschnikoff, E. [aka Metschnikow]. (1871). Ueber die Metamorphose einiger Seetiere. II. Ueber Mitraria. III. Ueber Actinotrocha. <em>Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 21: 233-251, plates 18-20., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/45064674
note: further description of larvae, and of metamorphosis, but no Mitraria species are named. One larval type is later said (Wilson 1932) to be Owenia fusiformis. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Wilson, Douglas P. 1932. On the Mitraria larva of Owenia fusiformis Delle Chiaje. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society 221: 231-334.
note: investigated but unable to relate Häcker's Mitraria species to known adult oweniids. [details]   

source of synonymy Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. <em>Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper.</em> 23: 1-628.
page(s): 469; note: Attributed to Owenia, although larvae probably of other genera were present originally. Hartman has the Mitraria authorship as "J. Müller, 1951, in D. Wilson, 1932. By this she only means she obtaine...  
Attributed to Owenia, although larvae probably of other genera were present originally. Hartman has the Mitraria authorship as "J. Müller, 1951, in D. Wilson, 1932. By this she only means she obtained the name from reading Wilson, not that Wilson first published the name.
 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Etymology Not stated, but Mitraria is from the Greek for headdress (in modern times a mitre is a helmit-like headdress worn by senior clergy), presumably because of the mitre-shaped head of the planktonic larva and apparent lack of body [details]

Habitat Mitraria are now known to be pelagic larvae of Oweniidae. The genus is not valid but the word is still applied by plankton workers to the distinctive oweniid polychaete larval morphology of a cap-like form with long trailing straight capillary chaetae [details]

Homonymy Mitraria Müller, 1851 would be junior to Mitraria Rafinesque, 1815 (Mollusca), if the latter was an available name. Rafinesque's work is a survey of organisms, listing higher ranks down to genus. Rafinesque's Mitraria name (p. 145) is apparently a substitute or alternative-spelling name, established without diagnosis or included species, for Mitra Lamarck, 1798. Thus it is an incorrect subsequent spelling and not available. Mitraria Müller, 1851 is a senior homonym to Mitraria Bolivar 1887 (Orthoptera) Ann. Soc. ent. Belgique, 31, 194, 253. Mitraria Bolivar has been replaced by either Mitritettix or Miriatra, with both names published in 1906. Note that Mitraria is also a genus used under the Botanical code, and is a genus in Gesneriaceae. [details]

Synonymy Probable representing mixed genera, but at least in part belongs under Owenia. It appears no-one has synonymised the Mitraria larval species of Häcker to an adult form. Wilson (1932) does not resolve Häcker's species, but indicates Myriochele may also be a relevant genus as well as Owenia. Hartman catalogue refers Mitraria to Owenia, but she does not assign Häcker's species to Owenia.  [details]

Validity An analysis of the availability of Mitraria as a genus name follows. Müller (1851: 468) names only a genus, Mitraria, and not a species, using the following words, "Unter diesen ist mir ein mit Borsten versehenes Thier schon seit lange merkwürdig gewesen, weil es nachweisbar die Larve eines Borstenwurms nicht sein kann" [Among these is one bristled animal has long been strange to me because it is demonstrably not the larva of a bristle worm] "Es mag vorläufig Mitraria heifsen." [It may be called Mitraria for the time being]. Müller then provides nearly two pages of description (p.469-470), but no figures. Although no species is named, his presentation seems to satisfy the relevant Code 'requirements' articles 11 and 12, and thus Mitraria is available as a genus name from 1851 (no longer valid but a valid name at the time), although figures were not published until 1854 (Müller's 1854 figures are excellent), and Mitraria species were not named until much later by Häcker (also as Haecker), 1898. [details]