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Polychaeta taxon details

Iphionella McIntosh, 1885

324953  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:324953)

accepted
Genus
Iphionella philippinensis Pettibone, 1986 (type by subsequent designation)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
McIntosh, William C. [as M'Intosh]. (1885). Report on the Annelida Polychaeta collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 12 (part 34): i-xxxvi, 1-554, pl. 1-55, 1A-39A, & Annelida stations map., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50688426
page(s): 58; note: Based on a specimen misidentified as Iphione cimex Quatrefages by McIntosh. (See Pettibone, 1986) [details]   
Note An unusual change of type species has occurred...  
From editor or global species database
Type species An unusual change of type species has occurred in Iphionella. Iphione cimex Quatrefages, 1866 was the type species for Iphionella McIntosh (1885) by monotypy. Pettibone (1986) recognised that McIntosh's Iphionella specimen was not Iphione cimex Quatrefages, and she described and named it as Iphionella philippensis Pettibone, 1986. As Iphione cimex was not an Iphione, and not in Iphioninae (yet to be separated at family rank), she moved it to a new genus, Gaudichaudius in Polynoidae. She stated the type species situation as follows: "Type-species: Iphionella cimex; not Iphione cimex Quatrefages, 1866 (= Iphionella philippinensis, new name)". This was not correct and strictly, she should have simply moved Iphionella to Polynoinae and created a new Iphioninae genus for McIntosh's misidentified specimen. McCowin et al. (2018) used Code article 70.3 (Misidentified type species) to continue Pettibone's assignments for the sake of stability. Thus Iphionella philippinensis becomes the new type species of Iphionella, and Iphione cimex Quatrefages is confirmed as type of Gaudichaudius. [details]
Type species Iphionella specimen recorded as I. cimex (Quatrefages) by Mclntosh, 1885:58 was named I. philippinensis by Pettibone, 1986 [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Iphionella McIntosh, 1885. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=324953 on 2019-12-09
Date
action
by
2008-03-05 14:39:51Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2015-01-26 00:44:04Z
changed

original description McIntosh, William C. [as M'Intosh]. (1885). Report on the Annelida Polychaeta collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 12 (part 34): i-xxxvi, 1-554, pl. 1-55, 1A-39A, & Annelida stations map., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50688426
page(s): 58; note: Based on a specimen misidentified as Iphione cimex Quatrefages by McIntosh. (See Pettibone, 1986) [details]   

redescription Pettibone, Marian H. (1986). Review of the Iphioninae (Polychaeta: Polynoidae) and revision of <i>Iphione cimex</i> Quatrefages, <i>Gattyana deludens</i> Fauvel and <i>Harmothoe iphionelloides</i> Johnson (Harmothoinae). <em>Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology.</em> 428: 1-43., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.00810282.428
page(s): 25 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source McCowin, Marina F.; Rouse, Greg W. (2018). Phylogeny of hydrothermal vent Iphionidae, with the description of a new species (Aphroditiformia, Annelida). <em>ZooKeys.</em> 779: 89-107., available online at https://zookeys.pensoft.net/article/24781/list/9/
note: status indirectly through molecular relations of Iphionella risensis, now Thermiphione [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From editor or global species database
Editor's comment McCowin et al (2018) recombined Iphionella risensis into Thermiphione Hartmann-Schröder, 1992, and noted that molecular data was unavailable for the Iphionella type species Iphionella philippensis Pettibone, 1986, which is now the only species in the genus. Like Thermiphione species it lacks eyes and lateral & median antennae, and can have 13 pairs of elytra. If it is in the same clade as the better-known Thermiphione species, then instead Iphionella as the much older name would be the valid genus name of the species group [G. Read] [details]

Type species An unusual change of type species has occurred in Iphionella. Iphione cimex Quatrefages, 1866 was the type species for Iphionella McIntosh (1885) by monotypy. Pettibone (1986) recognised that McIntosh's Iphionella specimen was not Iphione cimex Quatrefages, and she described and named it as Iphionella philippensis Pettibone, 1986. As Iphione cimex was not an Iphione, and not in Iphioninae (yet to be separated at family rank), she moved it to a new genus, Gaudichaudius in Polynoidae. She stated the type species situation as follows: "Type-species: Iphionella cimex; not Iphione cimex Quatrefages, 1866 (= Iphionella philippinensis, new name)". This was not correct and strictly, she should have simply moved Iphionella to Polynoinae and created a new Iphioninae genus for McIntosh's misidentified specimen. McCowin et al. (2018) used Code article 70.3 (Misidentified type species) to continue Pettibone's assignments for the sake of stability. Thus Iphionella philippinensis becomes the new type species of Iphionella, and Iphione cimex Quatrefages is confirmed as type of Gaudichaudius. [details]

Type species Iphionella specimen recorded as I. cimex (Quatrefages) by Mclntosh, 1885:58 was named I. philippinensis by Pettibone, 1986 [details]