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Polychaeta name details

Terebella flabellum Baird, 1865

332471  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:332471)

 unaccepted (superseded original combination)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Baird, William. (1865). On new tubicolous annelids, in the collection of the British Museum. Part 2. <em>Journal of the Linnean Society of London.</em> 8: 157-160, plate V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31601899
page(s): 157, plate V figs. 1-2 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Antarctica  
type locality contained in Antarctica [details]
Note Locality named as Narcon Island in the...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Locality named as Narcon Island in the Southern Ocean, but it is widely thought this is an error for Marion Island [details]
Depth range Not stated in the original description, unknown.  
Depth range Not stated in the original description, unknown. [details]

Distribution Probably subantarctic Indian Ocean, near Marion Island (cited as "Narcon Island").  
Distribution Probably subantarctic Indian Ocean, near Marion Island (cited as "Narcon Island"). [details]

Etymology Not specified in the original description. The specific epithet flabellum is a Latin noun meaning 'fan', and it refers...  
Etymology Not specified in the original description. The specific epithet flabellum is a Latin noun meaning 'fan', and it refers clearly to the fan-shaped structure of the tubes near their mouth: "The most characteristic feature, however, in the structure of this tube is the fan-shaped expansion of filaments at its upper orifice. This orifice is circular, and has on its dorsal surface a projecting lip or kind of hood (fig. 2), which extends beyond the mouth for a short distance, whilst from its ventral side springs another lip or hood (fig. 1), which quickly expands into a fan-shaped tuft of horny-looking filaments" (Baird, 1865: 157). [details]

Status The species was stated to be a nomen nudum by Hartman (1959: 524), which is clearly incorrect. Probably Hartman wanted to...  
Status The species was stated to be a nomen nudum by Hartman (1959: 524), which is clearly incorrect. Probably Hartman wanted to state nomen dubium, as she adds "Perhaps Lanice sp.". Later Holthe (1986: 152) repeated the same error. [details]

Taxonomy Terebella flabellum was based on the description of the tubes of the animal, and not on the animal itself, which was...  
Taxonomy Terebella flabellum was based on the description of the tubes of the animal, and not on the animal itself, which was unknown, according to Baird (1865: 157): "The animal is as yet unknown, but the tubes are sufficiently remarkable to merit a description." Though, the tubes upon which the description was based are eligible as the name-bearing types of the species, according to article 72.5 of the ICZN: "Only the following are eligible to be a name-bearing type, or part of a name-bearing type, of a nominal species-group taxon: 72.5.1. an animal, or any part of an animal, or an example of the fossilized work of an animal, or of the work of an extant animal if the name based on it was established before 1931 [...]." [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Terebella flabellum Baird, 1865. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=332471 on 2019-11-13
Date
action
by
2008-03-17 10:44:16Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2013-01-27 21:45:42Z
changed
2013-03-09 23:40:09Z
changed
2018-03-28 05:08:42Z
changed

original description Baird, William. (1865). On new tubicolous annelids, in the collection of the British Museum. Part 2. <em>Journal of the Linnean Society of London.</em> 8: 157-160, plate V., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31601899
page(s): 157, plate V figs. 1-2 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Ehlers, E. (1901). Die Anneliden der Sammlung Plate, in: Plate, L. (1902). Fauna chilensis. Abhandlungen zur Kenntniss der Zoologie Chiles nach den Sammlungen von Dr. L. Plate. Zweiter Band. <em>Zoologische Jahrbücher.</em> Supplementband V: 251-272., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14200976
page(s): 267 [details]   

new combination reference Ehlers, Ernst. (1908). Die bodensässigen Anneliden aus den Sammlungen der deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition. 1-168. IN: Chun, Carl (Ed.). <em>Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Tiefsee-Expedition auf dem Dampfer ''Valdivia'' 1898-1899.</em> 16(1): 1-168, plates I-XXIII., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18687
page(s): 146-147, plate XX fig. 15; note: as Thelepus flabellum [details]   

new combination reference Hessle, Christian. (1917). Zur Kenntnis der terebellomorphen Polychaeten. <em>Zoologiska bidrag från Uppsala.</em> 5: 39-258, plates I-V., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/38891407
page(s): 169; note: as Lanice flabellum [details]  OpenAccess publication 

new combination reference McIntosh, William C. [as M'Intosh]. (1885). Report on the Annelida Polychaeta collected by H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873-1876. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–76. Zoology.</em> 12 (part 34): i-xxxvi, 1-554, pl. 1-55, 1A-39A, & Annelida stations map., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/50688426
page(s): 446-447, plate XLIX fig. 3, plate L fig. 1, plate XXVIIA fig. 22; note: as Terebella (Lanice) flabellum [details]   

new combination reference Treadwell, Aaron L. 1906. Polychaetous annelids of the Hawaiian Islands collected by the steamer Albatross in 1902. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission, 23(3): 1145-1181., available online at http://bionames.org/references/25df4f536f16bd0845fc91e16faa33a2
page(s): 1176; note: as Lanice flabellum [details]   

status source Holthe, T. (1986). Evolution, systematics, and distribution of the Polychaeta Terebellomorpha, with a catalogue of the taxa and a bibliography. <em>Gunneria.</em> 55: 1-236., available online at http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:331918/FULLTEXT01.pdf
page(s): 131, 152 [details]   

status source Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. <em>Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper.</em> 23: 1-628.
page(s): 506, 524 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Syntype NHMUK 1972.86, geounit Southern Ocean [details]
From editor or global species database
Classification Ehlers (1871) renamed this Lanice tube structure as a sponge, Aulorhipis elegans. However, Ernst Haeckel (1873, p.246 in "On calcisponges ...") commented that "Of the supposed new form of sponge [Aulorhipis elegans), upon which Ehlers founds his whole argument, he knows nothing except the horny skeleton, no trace of soft parts. But this horny skeleton, which encloses foreign bodies, is a solid cord attached to a worm-tube at one end, and the dichotomously divided branches of which spread out like a fan in one plane. It is very probable that this skeleton does not belong to a sponge at all". It looks like Ehlers was thinking the tube was named Terebella flabellum, so he could name the attached sponge Aulorhipis elegans, but the flaw is it isn't an attached sponge - it's all part of the tube. [details]

Depth range Not stated in the original description, unknown. [details]

Distribution Probably subantarctic Indian Ocean, near Marion Island (cited as "Narcon Island"). [details]

Etymology Not specified in the original description. The specific epithet flabellum is a Latin noun meaning 'fan', and it refers clearly to the fan-shaped structure of the tubes near their mouth: "The most characteristic feature, however, in the structure of this tube is the fan-shaped expansion of filaments at its upper orifice. This orifice is circular, and has on its dorsal surface a projecting lip or kind of hood (fig. 2), which extends beyond the mouth for a short distance, whilst from its ventral side springs another lip or hood (fig. 1), which quickly expands into a fan-shaped tuft of horny-looking filaments" (Baird, 1865: 157). [details]

Habitat Not stated in the original description, unknown. [details]

Status The species was stated to be a nomen nudum by Hartman (1959: 524), which is clearly incorrect. Probably Hartman wanted to state nomen dubium, as she adds "Perhaps Lanice sp.". Later Holthe (1986: 152) repeated the same error. [details]

Taxonomy Terebella flabellum was based on the description of the tubes of the animal, and not on the animal itself, which was unknown, according to Baird (1865: 157): "The animal is as yet unknown, but the tubes are sufficiently remarkable to merit a description." Though, the tubes upon which the description was based are eligible as the name-bearing types of the species, according to article 72.5 of the ICZN: "Only the following are eligible to be a name-bearing type, or part of a name-bearing type, of a nominal species-group taxon: 72.5.1. an animal, or any part of an animal, or an example of the fossilized work of an animal, or of the work of an extant animal if the name based on it was established before 1931 [...]." [details]

Type locality Locality named as Narcon Island in the Southern Ocean, but it is widely thought this is an error for Marion Island [details]