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Polychaeta taxon details

Phyllodoce varia Treadwell, 1928

337589  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:337589)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Treadwell, Aaron L. (1928). Polychaetous annelids from the Arcturus Oceanographic Expedition. <em>Zoologica, New York.</em> 8(8): 449-485., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/51020852
page(s): 467, fig. 179: 69 to 71 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Holotype  AMNH, geounit Galapagos Islands  
Holotype AMNH, geounit Galapagos Islands [details]
Note Galapagos Islands, Pacific Ocean (-0.3667°,...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Galapagos Islands, Pacific Ocean (-0.3667°, -89.4833°). [details]
Depth range Not stated. According to Hartman (1956: 275), the species was collected "probably at the surface".  
Depth range Not stated. According to Hartman (1956: 275), the species was collected "probably at the surface". [details]

Distribution Pacific Ocean: Galapagos Islands.  
Distribution Pacific Ocean: Galapagos Islands. [details]

Etymology Not stated. The specific epithet varia is a Latin adjective meaning 'diverse' or 'different', but also 'variegated',...  
Etymology Not stated. The specific epithet varia is a Latin adjective meaning 'diverse' or 'different', but also 'variegated', 'streaked', 'spotted' or 'very colorful', and refers presumably to the complex coloration of the species: "The anterior 50 somites are pale yellow in color while the remainder is colorless. In the colored region the dorsal surface is marked by fine dark pigment spots which are most noticeable in the median dorsal line but also occur on either side of this, extending nearly to the somite margin. This arrangement is most obvious in the anterior somites. Farther posteriorly the pigment is arranged in a band extending across the dorso-median line of the somite, and a small spot just posterior to this in the dorsal median line. The prostomium, all cirri, and parapodia are colorless." (Treadwell, 1928: 467). [details]

Taxonomy Questionably synonym of species listed, Phyllodoce madeirensis Langerhans, 1880, according to Hartman (1956: 257, 275; as...  
Taxonomy Questionably synonym of species listed, Phyllodoce madeirensis Langerhans, 1880, according to Hartman (1956: 257, 275; as Anaitides). [details]

Taxonomy Species uncertain  
Taxonomy Species uncertain [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Phyllodoce varia Treadwell, 1928. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=337589 on 2019-07-23
Date
action
by
2008-03-18 12:55:09Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2010-10-31 18:52:25Z
changed

original description Treadwell, Aaron L. (1928). Polychaetous annelids from the Arcturus Oceanographic Expedition. <em>Zoologica, New York.</em> 8(8): 449-485., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/51020852
page(s): 467, fig. 179: 69 to 71 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy Hartman, Olga. (1956). Polychaetous annelids erected by Treadwell, 1891 to 1948, together with a brief chronology. <em>Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History.</em> 109(2): 239-310., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/2246/1145
page(s): 257, 275; note: as Anaitides madeirensis [details]   

status source Pleijel, Fredrik. (1991). Phylogeny and classification of the Phyllodocidae (Polychaeta). <em>Zoologica Scripta.</em> 20(3): 225-261., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1991.tb00289.x
page(s): 260; note: species considered as valid [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype AMNH, geounit Galapagos Islands [details]
From editor or global species database
Depth range Not stated. According to Hartman (1956: 275), the species was collected "probably at the surface". [details]

Distribution Pacific Ocean: Galapagos Islands. [details]

Etymology Not stated. The specific epithet varia is a Latin adjective meaning 'diverse' or 'different', but also 'variegated', 'streaked', 'spotted' or 'very colorful', and refers presumably to the complex coloration of the species: "The anterior 50 somites are pale yellow in color while the remainder is colorless. In the colored region the dorsal surface is marked by fine dark pigment spots which are most noticeable in the median dorsal line but also occur on either side of this, extending nearly to the somite margin. This arrangement is most obvious in the anterior somites. Farther posteriorly the pigment is arranged in a band extending across the dorso-median line of the somite, and a small spot just posterior to this in the dorsal median line. The prostomium, all cirri, and parapodia are colorless." (Treadwell, 1928: 467). [details]

Habitat Not stated. [details]

Holotype Deposited at the American Museum of Natural History, New York, USA (AMNH). [details]

Taxonomy Questionably synonym of species listed, Phyllodoce madeirensis Langerhans, 1880, according to Hartman (1956: 257, 275; as Anaitides). [details]

Type locality Galapagos Islands, Pacific Ocean (-0.3667°, -89.4833°). [details]

From other sources
Taxonomy Species uncertain [details]