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Polychaeta name details

Nereis japonica Izuka, 1908

339301  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:339301)

 unaccepted (superseded original combination)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Izuka, A. (1908). On the breeding habit and development of <i>Nereis japonica</i> n. sp. <em>Annotationes zoologicae japonenses.</em> 6(4): 295-305., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/44258481
page(s): 295-305, figs. 1-4 [details]   
Note Japan, Pacific Ocean. The species was...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Japan, Pacific Ocean. The species was described based on specimens collected mainly in Kojima Gulf and in the rivers emptying into it, Okayama Perfecture, in the Honshu side of Inland Sea. However, Izuka (1903: 296-297) refers that the species was also collected by himself or by others in a number of other localities of Japan, among which: Sumida River and in the adjoining parts of the Bay of Tokyo (''Gulf of Tokyo''); Toba, in the Province of Shima; Gulf of Miya, in the old Province of Owari; Shimizu Harbour, in Suruga Bay; Ito, Izu Peninsula (collected by A. Fukuchi); Kanazawa, in Musashi; Yokoyama; Matsushima; Samé Harbour on the east coast of Northern Japan; and Lake Busset, in Saghalin (= Busset Lagoon, Sakhalin; collected by Prof. Ijima). The observations concerning the epitokous specimens and on the swarming seem to be based only on material collected at Kojima Gulf (Okayama). [details]
Depth range Littoral, between tide marks.   
Depth range Littoral, between tide marks.  [details]

Distribution NW Pacific Ocean: Japan; Busset Lagoon (Sakhalin, Russia).   
Distribution NW Pacific Ocean: Japan; Busset Lagoon (Sakhalin, Russia).  [details]

Etymology The specific epithet japonica (masculine: japonicus) is a New Latin adjective meaning 'of or relating to Japan', and refers...  
Etymology The specific epithet japonica (masculine: japonicus) is a New Latin adjective meaning 'of or relating to Japan', and refers to the type locality of the species, Japan. [details]

Taxonomy Moved to different genus.  
Taxonomy Moved to different genus. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Nereis japonica Izuka, 1908. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=339301 on 2020-08-14
Date
action
by
2008-03-18 12:55:09Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2016-05-21 14:38:51Z
changed

original description Izuka, A. (1908). On the breeding habit and development of <i>Nereis japonica</i> n. sp. <em>Annotationes zoologicae japonenses.</em> 6(4): 295-305., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/44258481
page(s): 295-305, figs. 1-4 [details]   

additional source Izuka, Akira. (1912). The errantiate Polychaeta of Japan. <em>Journal of the College of Science, Imperial University of Tokyo.</em> 30(2): 1-262, plates I-XXIV., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/39205921
page(s): 163-169, 4 text-figs., plate XVII figs. 14-16, 18 [details]   

source of synonymy Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. <em>Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper.</em> 23: 1-628. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Syntype UMUTZ Ann-Pc-114, geounit Tokyo [details]
Syntype UMUTZ Ann-Pc-55, geounit Inland Sea off Seto [details]
From editor or global species database
Depth range Littoral, between tide marks.  [details]

Diet ''They are [...] very active and voracious, feeding on various aquatic animals and plants'' (Izuka, 1908: 298).  [details]

Distribution NW Pacific Ocean: Japan; Busset Lagoon (Sakhalin, Russia).  [details]

Etymology The specific epithet japonica (masculine: japonicus) is a New Latin adjective meaning 'of or relating to Japan', and refers to the type locality of the species, Japan. [details]

Habitat Atokous specimens live in the littoral, between tide marks, burrowing in the mud or sand to a depth of a foot or more. Entrance of burrow is usually indicated by a small round hole on the ground surface. Epitokous specimens swim in the water column. It is not stated by Izuka (1908) but probably it can be found in brackish water, besides marine environments.  [details]

Human impact 'The worm in the mature phase is collected in masses [in Kojima Gulf] and very extensively used as manure. [...] It occurs also in the Sumida River and in the adjoining parts of the Gulf of Tokyo where it is [...] used as bait by anglers through almost all seasons of the year.'' (Izuka, 1908: 296). [details]

Reproduction ''With respect to the swarming habit of the mature worm, it has long been known from the experience of fishermen in the locality [Kojima Gulf, Inland Sea] that the swarming occurs during the month of December, usually in one period lasting a few days; that the period begins on the night just before the day of the new or the full moon in the middle or the latter part of the month mentioned; that it invariably takes place in the mid night just after the flood-tide; and further that very rarely it occurs in two periods, close to the consecutive new and full moons.'' (Izuka, 1908: 301-302).  [details]

Taxonomy Moved to different genus. [details]

Type locality Japan, Pacific Ocean. The species was described based on specimens collected mainly in Kojima Gulf and in the rivers emptying into it, Okayama Perfecture, in the Honshu side of Inland Sea. However, Izuka (1903: 296-297) refers that the species was also collected by himself or by others in a number of other localities of Japan, among which: Sumida River and in the adjoining parts of the Bay of Tokyo (''Gulf of Tokyo''); Toba, in the Province of Shima; Gulf of Miya, in the old Province of Owari; Shimizu Harbour, in Suruga Bay; Ito, Izu Peninsula (collected by A. Fukuchi); Kanazawa, in Musashi; Yokoyama; Matsushima; Samé Harbour on the east coast of Northern Japan; and Lake Busset, in Saghalin (= Busset Lagoon, Sakhalin; collected by Prof. Ijima). The observations concerning the epitokous specimens and on the swarming seem to be based only on material collected at Kojima Gulf (Okayama). [details]
LanguageName 
Japanese ゴカイumi-biirugokai  [details]