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Polychaeta taxon details

Spinther vegae Augener, 1928

423764  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:423764)

accepted
Species
Sphinter wiréni [misspelling] (subsequent double misspelling for Spinther wireni (genus misspelling, species added accent))
Spinther wireni Hartman, 1948 (superfluous replacement name )
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Augener, H. 1928. Die Polychaeten von Spitzbergen. Fauna Arctica, Jena, 5: 647-834.
page(s): 672; note: an in-text proposal of a new name for a Wiren 1883 specimen identified as Spinther arcticus [details]   
Holotype  [unknown if exists] entry based on...  
Holotype [unknown if exists] entry based on geolocation in Wirén, geounit Bering Strait (65.5667°, -168.6167) [details]
Note Bering Strait. Wirén (1883) had five...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Bering Strait. Wirén (1883) had five specimens, and he recorded "Spinther arcticus" from stations 41, 43, and 44. Only station 44 has a geolocation, 65.5667°, -168.6167° (65° 34' N, 168° 37' W), which is in the Bering Strait [details]
Etymology Not stated, but the original report by Wiren is on material from the Swedish Vega expedition. The Vega voyage 1878–1880,...  
Etymology Not stated, but the original report by Wiren is on material from the Swedish Vega expedition. The Vega voyage 1878–1880, under the leadership of Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, was the first Arctic expedition to navigate through the Northeast Passage, There are a number of marine species named 'vegae'. [details]

Taxonomy Spinther vegae was published as in-text passing mention of a proposed new name by Augener (1928: 672) in reference to a...  
Taxonomy Spinther vegae was published as in-text passing mention of a proposed new name by Augener (1928: 672) in reference to a specimen that Wiren (1883: 386) had identified and placed under Spinther arcticus (Sars, 1849), with a statement by Wiren that he did not consider deviations [of his Spinther from arcticus] to be so important that they should lead to the creation of a new species. v. Graff (1888) redescribed the specimen under a Spinther arcticus headline. However, Augener stated [in translation] "I consider it inadmissible that v. Graff retains the abbreviated name arcticus for another different Spinther species that Wiren keeps from the "Vega material". This latter must get a new name and I suggest the name Spinther vegae for him.". v.Graff was misleading in his use of authorities for names, but it is clear he usually meant "sensu" an author, not that the author originated the name. This was a common practice at the time. However, Hartman (1948: 16) was confused by this and incorrectly thought Wirén (1883) himself had created a homonym. Her replacement name of 'Spinther wireni' (q.v.) was not needed and is invalid. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Spinther vegae Augener, 1928. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=423764 on 2018-08-21
Date
action
by
2009-10-14 07:33:41Z
created
db_admin
2018-01-14 01:02:04Z
checked
2018-01-15 03:00:06Z
changed

original description Augener, H. 1928. Die Polychaeten von Spitzbergen. Fauna Arctica, Jena, 5: 647-834.
page(s): 672; note: an in-text proposal of a new name for a Wiren 1883 specimen identified as Spinther arcticus [details]   

original description  (ofSpinther wireni Hartman, 1948) Hartman, O. (1948). The polychaetous annelids of Alaska. Pacific Science. 2(1): 3-58., available online at http://hdl.handle.net/10125/8890
page(s): 16; note: Replacement name for "Spinther arcticus Wiren", but there is no such name to be replaced. [details]   

taxonomy source Wirén, Axel. (1883). Chaetopoder från Sibiriska Ishafvet och Berings Haf Insamlade under Vega-Expeditionen 1878-1879. Vega-Expeditionens Vetenskapliga Iakttagelser bearbetade af deltagare i resan och andra forskare: Stockholm, F&G Beijers Förlag. 2: 383-428, plates 27-32., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27392832
page(s): 386; note: The published usage and description as Spinther arcticus that Augener later considered required a new species name of Spinther vegae [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Graff, Ludwig von 1888. Die Annelidengattung Spinther. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie 46: 1-66., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27477705
page(s): 98; note: Incorrect authority. A redescription of Wirén's use of Spinther arcticus (Sars) as "Spinther articus Wirén" [sic] [details]   

taxonomy source  (ofSpinther wireni Hartman, 1948) Yamamoto, Ryuta and Imajima, Minoru 1985. A new species of the genus Spinther (Polychaeta, Spintheridae) from Japan. Bulletin of the National Science Museum, Tokyo, Ser. A, 11(3): 129-135.
page(s): 129; note: point out that Hartman's 'wireni' is junior to Augener's 'vegae' as a name for Wirén's (misidentified) specimen of S. arcticus ...  
point out that Hartman's 'wireni' is junior to Augener's 'vegae' as a name for Wirén's (misidentified) specimen of S. arcticus
 [details]   

source of synonymy Gagaev, S. Yu. (2010). [Fauna Of Polychaetes (Polychaeta) of the East Siberian Sea and their biogeographical characteristic] [In Russian] Фауна беспозвоночных Восточно-Сибирского моря, закономерности распределения и структура донных сообществ. [special issue: Fauna of the East Siberian Sea, distribution patterns and structure of bottom communities, Eds Sirenko, B. I.; Denisenko, S. G.]. Explorations of Fauna of the Seas. 66(74): 8-40.
page(s): 16; note: Included under Spinther citrinus without explanation. There is a citation to the Jirkov (2001: 243) Spinther citrinus entry but there is no mention of the name or synonymy there. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (ofSpinther wireni Hartman, 1948) Jirkov, I.A. (2001). [Polychaeta of the Arctic Ocean] (In Russian) Polikhety severnogo Ledovitogo Okeana. Yanus-K Press, Moscow, 632 pp., available online at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/259865957_Jirkov_2001_Polychaeta_of_the_North_Polar_Basin
page(s): 244; note: record as valid with repeat of figures from Graff 1888 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofSphinter wiréni [misspelling]) Bellan, Gerard. (2001). Polychaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels. 50: pp. 214-231. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 227; note: genus and species misspelled [details]   

additional source  (ofSpinther wireni Hartman, 1948) George, J. D.; Hartmann-Schröder, G. (1985). Polychaetes: British Amphinomida, Spintherida and Eunicida: keys and notes for the identification of the species. Synopses of the British fauna (new series), 32. E.J. Brill; W. Backhuys: London, UK. ISBN 90-04-07580-1. vii, 221 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 74; note: record as valid with repeat of figures from Graff 1888 [details]   

additional source  (ofSpinther wireni Hartman, 1948) Rouse, G. W.; Pleijel, F. (2001). Polychaetes. Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK [etc.]. ISBN 0-19-850608-2. 354 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 181; note: repeat the incorrect claim that S. wireni was necessary as a replacement to a homonym created by Wirén [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype [unknown if exists] entry based on geolocation in Wirén, geounit Bering Strait (65.5667°, -168.6167) [details]
From editor or global species database
Etymology Not stated, but the original report by Wiren is on material from the Swedish Vega expedition. The Vega voyage 1878–1880, under the leadership of Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld, was the first Arctic expedition to navigate through the Northeast Passage, There are a number of marine species named 'vegae'. [details]

Synonymy Included under Spinther citrinus without explanation by Gagaev (2010). There is a citation to the Jirkov (2001: 243) Spinther citrinus entry but there is no mention of the name or synonymy there. This apparent synonymy appears to be without rationale and is disregarded here. [details]

Taxonomy Spinther vegae was published as in-text passing mention of a proposed new name by Augener (1928: 672) in reference to a specimen that Wiren (1883: 386) had identified and placed under Spinther arcticus (Sars, 1849), with a statement by Wiren that he did not consider deviations [of his Spinther from arcticus] to be so important that they should lead to the creation of a new species. v. Graff (1888) redescribed the specimen under a Spinther arcticus headline. However, Augener stated [in translation] "I consider it inadmissible that v. Graff retains the abbreviated name arcticus for another different Spinther species that Wiren keeps from the "Vega material". This latter must get a new name and I suggest the name Spinther vegae for him.". v.Graff was misleading in his use of authorities for names, but it is clear he usually meant "sensu" an author, not that the author originated the name. This was a common practice at the time. However, Hartman (1948: 16) was confused by this and incorrectly thought Wirén (1883) himself had created a homonym. Her replacement name of 'Spinther wireni' (q.v.) was not needed and is invalid. [details]

Type locality Bering Strait. Wirén (1883) had five specimens, and he recorded "Spinther arcticus" from stations 41, 43, and 44. Only station 44 has a geolocation, 65.5667°, -168.6167° (65° 34' N, 168° 37' W), which is in the Bering Strait [details]