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Polychaeta taxon details

Aeolosomatidae Levinsen, 1884

558773  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:558773)

accepted
Family
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Levinsen, G.M.R. (1884 (for year 1883)). Systematisk-geografisk Oversigt over de nordiske Annulata, Gephyrea, Chaetognathi og Balanoglossi. <em>Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den naturhistoriske Forening i Kjöbenhavn.</em> 45(1883): 92-350, plates II-III., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16065206
page(s): 221; note: Defined by the characters of the genus Aeolosoma. Levinsen erected the family to include the genus Aeolosoma, which, in turn, was considered to have a single species, Aeolosoma quaternarium Ehrenberg,...  
Defined by the characters of the genus Aeolosoma. Levinsen erected the family to include the genus Aeolosoma, which, in turn, was considered to have a single species, Aeolosoma quaternarium Ehrenberg, 1831.
 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

Beddard, F.E. (1895). A monograph of the order of Oligochaeta. <em>[Book].</em> 769 pp. The Clarendon Press, Oxford., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/71343
page(s): 176; note: Defined by the characters of genus Aeolosoma. Beddard included only Aeolosoma. Beddard (1895) erected the new family Aeolosomatidae apparently unaware of the fact that Levinsen (1884) had preceded him...  
Defined by the characters of genus Aeolosoma. Beddard included only Aeolosoma. Beddard (1895) erected the new family Aeolosomatidae apparently unaware of the fact that Levinsen (1884) had preceded him in the description of a new family with the same name, to include the genus Aeolosoma. Levinsen's authorship has priority.
 [details]   
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2019). World Polychaeta database. Aeolosomatidae Levinsen, 1884. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=558773 on 2019-10-14
Date
action
by
2011-01-27 08:56:23Z
created
db_admin
2012-03-16 13:18:10Z
changed
2019-05-26 17:41:43Z
changed

original description Levinsen, G.M.R. (1884 (for year 1883)). Systematisk-geografisk Oversigt over de nordiske Annulata, Gephyrea, Chaetognathi og Balanoglossi. <em>Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den naturhistoriske Forening i Kjöbenhavn.</em> 45(1883): 92-350, plates II-III., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16065206
page(s): 221; note: Defined by the characters of the genus Aeolosoma. Levinsen erected the family to include the genus Aeolosoma, which, in turn, was considered to have a single species, Aeolosoma quaternarium Ehrenberg,...  
Defined by the characters of the genus Aeolosoma. Levinsen erected the family to include the genus Aeolosoma, which, in turn, was considered to have a single species, Aeolosoma quaternarium Ehrenberg, 1831.
 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description Beddard, F.E. (1895). A monograph of the order of Oligochaeta. <em>[Book].</em> 769 pp. The Clarendon Press, Oxford., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/71343
page(s): 176; note: Defined by the characters of genus Aeolosoma. Beddard included only Aeolosoma. Beddard (1895) erected the new family Aeolosomatidae apparently unaware of the fact that Levinsen (1884) had preceded him...  
Defined by the characters of genus Aeolosoma. Beddard included only Aeolosoma. Beddard (1895) erected the new family Aeolosomatidae apparently unaware of the fact that Levinsen (1884) had preceded him in the description of a new family with the same name, to include the genus Aeolosoma. Levinsen's authorship has priority.
 [details]   

additional source Rouse, G. W.; Pleijel, F. (2001). Polychaetes. <em>Oxford University Press: Oxford, UK [etc.]. ISBN 0-19-850608-2.</em> 354 pp. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 287-289; note: overview in three pages [details]   

status source Struck, T.H.; Purschke, G. (2005). The sister group relationship of Aeolosomatidae and Potamodrilidae (Annelida: “Polychaeta”) — a molecular phylogenetic approach based on 18S rDNA and cytochrome oxidase I. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology.</em> 243(4): 281-293., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcz.2005.01.001 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Authority The family Aeolosomatidae was described as new in two occasions. It was originally described by Levinsen (1884: 221), but this description was largely overlooked by most authors for over a century, with the exception of Bell (1885: Verm. 15) and Lang (1886: 247), who included the name in the volumes for the year of 1884 of "The Zoological Record" and “Zoologischer Jahresbericht”, respectively. Shortly after, and apparently unaware of Levinsen’s description, Beddard (1895: 176) described the family Aeolosomatidae de novo. The authority of the family seems to have not been referred for decades, until the publication of the monograph by Bunke (1967), who considered it to be “Beddard 1895”, once again overlooking Levinsen’s publication. This authority has been repeated by other recent authors (e.g.: Fauchald & Rouse, 1997; Beesley et al., 2000; Pinder, 2010), but the correct authorship is definitely “Levinsen, 1884”.  [details]

Classification Nowadays most people do not affiliate Aeolosomatidae + Potamodrilidae to Oligochaeta or Clitellata. They may be treated as a separate small class (or order?) Aphanoneura Vejdovsky, 1884 among the large paraphyletic group of Polychaeta = non-clitellate Annelida. As an exception, recently Christoffersen (2012) has treated Aphanoneura under Oligochaeta s. l. in his phylogenetic classification - but separately from the "true" clitellates (oligochaetes + leech-like worms) called by him Euclitellata.  [details]