original descriptionWiklund, H.; Glover, A.G.; Dahlgren, T.G. 2009. Three new species of Ophryotrocha (Annelida: Dorvilleidae) from a whale-fall in the North-East Atlantic. Zootaxa 2228: 43–56[details]
additional sourceRavara, Ascensão; Marçal, Ana R.; Wiklund, Helena; Hilário, Ana. (2015). First account on the diversity of Ophryotrocha (Annelida, Dorvilleidae) from a mammal-fall in the deep-Atlantic Ocean with the description of three new species. <em>Systematics and Biodiversity.</em> [vol unassigned] 1-16., available online athttps://doi.org/10.1080/14772000.2015.1047428 page(s): 5; note: Seek to change the latinisation from 'scutellus' to 'scutella' [details]
Present Inaccurate Introduced: alien Containing type locality
Etymology Authors: "Ophryotrocha scutellus is named after its flattened disc-like head, scutella is the latin word for flat dish or saucer." No explanation of the changed ending is given. [details] Spelling The 'scutellus' spelling modification from 'scutella' cannot have been for a mistaken need for gender agreement as Ophryotrocha is treated as feminine. This appears to be an incorrect latinisation of a noun in apposition, so remains spelt as published, although Ravara et al, 2015 sought to correct the species name to the correct 'scutella' on the grounds that 'scutella' was 'indeclinable'. Original names consisting of a Latin noun with a modified ending are to be treated as nouns in apposition. They are not rendered adjectival by the changed ending, and the original spelling is to be retained, with gender ending unchanged (after comments in David & Gosselin, 2002).
Ravara et al (2015) change the spelling to 'scutella' but were aware 'scutellus' was evidently a noun in apposition rather than an adjective [an interpretation of the statement of Ravara et al that: "... the original species name derives from a Latin noun (scutella) that should be treated as indeclinable, the species name is [by Ravara et al] corrected from O. scutellus to O. scutella."). However, the original spelling should be maintained (Art 32.5.1 and taking account of Art 34.2 which might otherwise have been claimed in an erratum situation), even though it appears to be an 'incorrect' latinisation using the ending 'us' that may not exist in past Latin usages of the noun. Unfortunately Ravara et al do not invoke a code article they considered for their proposed spelling change. [details]
Type locality coastal Skagerrak, North Sea, 58.885, 11.1067, 125 m [details]