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Polychaeta taxon details

Polydora calcarea (Templeton, 1836)

852065  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:852065)

accepted
Species
Leucodore calcarea (Templeton, 1836) (superseded subsequent combination)
Spio calcarea Templeton, 1836 (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Spio calcarea Templeton, 1836) Templeton, R. (1836). A catalogue of the species of annulose animals, and of rayed ones, found in Ireland, as selected from the papers of the late J. Templeton, Esq., of Cranmore, with localities, descriptions, and illustrations. <em>The Magazine of Natural History and Journal of Zoology, Botany, Mineralogy, Geology and Metereology.</em> 9: 233-240, 301-305, 417-422, 466-475., available online at http://www.archive.org/stream/magazineofnatura09loud#page/233/mode/1up
page(s): 234, fig. 27a-c; note: indeterminable to genus [details]   
Type locality contained in Belfast Lough  
type locality contained in Belfast Lough [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Depth range Intertidal (British Isles) to 9 m depth (Vostok Bay).   
Depth range Intertidal (British Isles) to 9 m depth (Vostok Bay).  [details]

Distribution Northern Europe, Arctic and north-west Pacific (Peter the Great Bay). According to Radashevsky & Pankova (2006: 249) the...  
Distribution Northern Europe, Arctic and north-west Pacific (Peter the Great Bay). According to Radashevsky & Pankova (2006: 249) the world-wide records of the boring 'Polydora ciliata' should be verified, since they may include Polydora calcarea.  [details]

Taxonomic remark Polydora calcarea sensu Radashevsky & Pankova, 2006, from Sea of Japan, variably has black pigmentation dorsally on ~ 4...  
Taxonomic remark Polydora calcarea sensu Radashevsky & Pankova, 2006, from Sea of Japan, variably has black pigmentation dorsally on ~ 4 chaetigers. Such pigment seems not recorded in British Isles Polydora calcarea, although Mustaquim (1986) recorded it on what he identified as P. limicola, and Kendall (1980) on what he identified as P. ciliata. Historic records of pigmentation are possibly be confused beyond resolution by the presence of mixtures of species. [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Polydora calcarea (Templeton, 1836). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=852065 on 2020-10-19
Date
action
by
2015-08-12 03:19:57Z
created

original description  (of Spio calcarea Templeton, 1836) Templeton, R. (1836). A catalogue of the species of annulose animals, and of rayed ones, found in Ireland, as selected from the papers of the late J. Templeton, Esq., of Cranmore, with localities, descriptions, and illustrations. <em>The Magazine of Natural History and Journal of Zoology, Botany, Mineralogy, Geology and Metereology.</em> 9: 233-240, 301-305, 417-422, 466-475., available online at http://www.archive.org/stream/magazineofnatura09loud#page/233/mode/1up
page(s): 234, fig. 27a-c; note: indeterminable to genus [details]   

context source (MSBIAS) MEDIN. (2011). UK checklist of marine species derived from the applications Marine Recorder and UNICORN. version 1.0. [details]   

additional source Lankester, E.R. (1868). XXIX.— On lithodomous annelids. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 4.</em> 1(4): 233-238, 1(5): 392 [note to ed.]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/27740941#page/249/mode/1up
page(s): 236-238, plate XI figs. 7-10 [details]   

redescription Radashevsky, V.I.; Pankova, V.V. (2006). The morphology of two sibling sympatric <i>Polydora</i> species (Polychaeta: Spionidae) from the Sea of Japan. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.</em> 86(2): 245-252., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315406013099
page(s): 247-249, figs. 2-3; note: redescription based on specimens from Vostok Bay (Sea of Japan, Pacific Ocean) [details]   

status source Radashevsky, V.I.; Pankova, V.V. (2006). The morphology of two sibling sympatric <i>Polydora</i> species (Polychaeta: Spionidae) from the Sea of Japan. <em>Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom.</em> 86(2): 245-252., available online at https://doi.org/10.1017/s0025315406013099
page(s): 247 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Nontype IMBFE 14146, geounit Peter the Great Bay [details]
Nontype IMBFE 14147, geounit Peter the Great Bay [details]
Syntype (of Spio calcarea Templeton, 1836) unlocated, unlikely that types exist, geounit Belfast Lough [details]
From editor or global species database
Depth range Intertidal (British Isles) to 9 m depth (Vostok Bay).  [details]

Distribution Northern Europe, Arctic and north-west Pacific (Peter the Great Bay). According to Radashevsky & Pankova (2006: 249) the world-wide records of the boring 'Polydora ciliata' should be verified, since they may include Polydora calcarea.  [details]

Editor's comment Polydora calcarea needs to be redescribed with base on fresh material collected at the Belfast Lough. The present disjunct distribution and the reggistered differences in pigmentation suggest the presence of two different taxa.  [details]

Habitat Sea of Japan: intertidally and shallow subtidally boring into coralline algae, shells of barnacles and various gastropod and bivalve molluscs. Worms live inside U-shaped burrows with walls lined with fine silt. Each burrow opens to the exterior via two joined apertures forming a characteristic 8-shaped opening. Species occasionally forming aggregations in shells of the bivalves Mizuhopecten yessoensis Jay and Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg) with hundreds of worms in one shell and up to five individuals per square cm of shell surface. Northern Europe: abundant boring in both soft and hard varieties of blue shale, sandstone, calcareous algae, and shells of various gastropod and bivalve molluscs.  [details]

Reproduction [Specimens from Vostok Bay] Gonochoristic with almost equal sex allocation. Both in males and females, gametes develop along segmental blood vessels in middle segments, from segments 17-21 to 45-70.  [details]

Taxonomic remark Polydora calcarea sensu Radashevsky & Pankova, 2006, from Sea of Japan, variably has black pigmentation dorsally on ~ 4 chaetigers. Such pigment seems not recorded in British Isles Polydora calcarea, although Mustaquim (1986) recorded it on what he identified as P. limicola, and Kendall (1980) on what he identified as P. ciliata. Historic records of pigmentation are possibly be confused beyond resolution by the presence of mixtures of species. [details]