Intro 
Species 
Specimens 
Distribution 
Checklist 
Sources 
Log in 

Porifera source details

Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J.; de Voogd, N.J. (2013). Microcionid sponges from Northwest Africa and the Macaronesian Islands (Porifera, Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida). Zoölogische Mededelingen Leiden. 87 (4): 275-404.
171414
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Beglinger, E.J.; de Voogd, N.J.
2013
Microcionid sponges from Northwest Africa and the Macaronesian Islands (Porifera, Demospongiae, Poecilosclerida)
Zoölogische Mededelingen Leiden
87 (4): 275-404
Publication
A monographic treatment is presented of sponges belonging to the family Microcionidae occurring in Northwest African waters and around the offshore oceanic islands (Cape Verde Islands, Canary Islands, Madeira Archipelago, Azores, and Ascension Island). The material examined was obtained by Dutch expeditions to these waters during the period 1976-1988, complemented with a few additional samples, all of which are incorporated in the sponge collection of the Naturalis Biodiversity Center. In these collections we identified 29 microcionid species, including 17 species new to science, which are all extensively described and illustrated with SEM photos of the spicules, light microscopy photos of the skeletal structure, and photos of the habit of – usually preserved – specimens. The research was supported by re-examined type and other original specimens obtained on loan from major museum collections, and many additional illustrations of these specimens are added for comparison. We also reviewed published descriptions of sponge specimens from the study area, which we were unable to obtain for reexamination, and attempted to draw conclusions about their identity. We conclude that the microcionid fauna of the region comprises approximately 45-48 species (several of the unverified published records remain of uncertain identification), belonging to the genera Clathria (subfamily Micorocioninae), Antho, Artemisina and Ophlitaspongia (subfamily Ophlitaspongiinae). Based on the review of this fauna, we propose to revive two previously synonymized subgenera, Clathria (Paresperia) Burton, and Antho (Plocamia) Schmidt. We provide a key for the identification of microcionid species of the region. We discuss the morphological characters used to distinguish microcionid sponges and comment on distribution patterns.
West Africa
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2013-11-15 19:28:00Z
created
2013-11-25 12:15:16Z
changed
2015-01-05 09:58:01Z
changed
2018-03-11 19:17:17Z
changed

Antho (Acarnia) elegans (Ridley & Dendy, 1887) (basis of record)
Antho (Acarnia) signata (Topsent, 1904) (basis of record)
Antho (Antho) atlantidae Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Antho (Antho) burtoni (Lévi, 1952) (basis of record)
Antho (Antho) mediterranea (Babiç, 1922) (new combination reference)
Antho (Antho) morisca (Schmidt, 1868) (basis of record)
Antho (Antho) nuda Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Antho (Antho) paradoxa (Babiç, 1922) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) Schmidt, 1870 (basis of record)
Antho (Plocamia) anisotyla (Lévi, 1960) (new combination reference)
Antho (Plocamia) arbuscula (Burton, 1959) (basis of record)
Antho (Plocamia) erecta (Ferrer Hernández, 1923) (basis of record)
Antho (Plocamia) hallezi (Topsent, 1904) (basis of record)
Antho (Plocamia) karykina (De Laubenfels, 1927) (basis of record)
Antho (Plocamia) lambei (Burton, 1935) (basis of record)
Antho (Plocamia) manaarensis (Carter, 1880) (source of synonymy)
Antho (Plocamia) novizelanica (Ridley & Duncan, 1881) (new combination reference)
Artemisina incrustans Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Artemisina melanoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Artemisina paradoxa Babiç, 1922 accepted as Antho (Antho) paradoxa (Babiç, 1922) (redescription)
Clathria (Axosuberites) pachyaxia (Lévi, 1960) (new combination reference)
Clathria (Axosuberites) papillata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Clathria) arcifera (Schmidt, 1868) (basis of record)
Clathria (Clathria) compressa Schmidt, 1862 (additional source)
Clathria (Clathria) hjorti (Arnesen, 1920) (new combination reference)
Clathria (Clathria) toxistricta Topsent, 1925 (additional source)
Clathria (Cornulotrocha) cheliglomerata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) africana (Lévi, 1956) (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) anancora (Topsent, 1904) (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) armata (Bowerbank, 1862) (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) ascensionis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) atoxa Topsent, 1928 (new combination reference)
Clathria (Microciona) aurea Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) bicleistochelifera Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) bitoxa (Burton, 1930) (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) boavistae Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) calla (Laubenfels, 1934) (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) calloides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) cancapseptima Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) capverdensis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) cleistochela Topsent, 1925 (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) conchicola Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) gorgadensis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) gradalis Topsent, 1925 (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) spinarcus (Carter & Hope, 1889) (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) strepsitoxa (Hope, 1889) (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) toximajor Topsent, 1925 (additional source)
Clathria (Microciona) toxitenuis Topsent, 1925 (additional source)
Clathria (Paresperia) Burton, 1930 (new combination reference)
Clathria (Paresperia) anchorata (Carter, 1874) (new combination reference)
Clathria (Thalysias) curacaoensis Arndt, 1927 (additional source)
Clathria (Thalysias) jolicoeuri (Topsent, 1892) (additional source)
Clathria (Thalysias) minutoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria (Thalysias) vacata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 (original description)
Clathria coralloides var. ceratodes Vosmaer, 1880 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) coralloides (Scopoli, 1772) (additional source)
Clathria coralloides var. mollis Vosmaer, 1880 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) coralloides (Scopoli, 1772) (redescription)
Clathria vicina Lévi, 1960 accepted as Antho (Antho) morisca (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Cornulotrocha cheliradians Topsent, 1927 accepted as Clathria (Cornulotrocha) cheliradians (Topsent, 1927) (additional source)
Heteroclathria Topsent, 1904 accepted as Antho (Plocamia) Schmidt, 1870 (basis of record)
Myxilla involvens Schmidt, 1864 accepted as Antho (Antho) involvens (Schmidt, 1864) (redescription)
Plocamia Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Antho (Plocamia) Schmidt, 1870 (additional source)
Scopalina toxotes Schmidt, 1868 accepted as Clathria (Microciona) armata (Bowerbank, 1862) (additional source)
Ascension Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Microciona) ascensionis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Ascension Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Microciona) calloides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Ascension Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Thalysias) minutoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Antho (Antho) mediterranea (Babiç, 1922) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Antho (Antho) paradoxa (Babiç, 1922) 
Azores Canaries Madeira for Antho (Antho) paradoxa (Babiç, 1922) 
Cape Verde for Antho (Antho) nuda Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verde for Artemisina melanoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Microciona) atoxa Topsent, 1928 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Microciona) aurea Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Microciona) bicleistochelifera Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Microciona) bitoxa (Burton, 1930) 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Microciona) boavistae Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Microciona) calloides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Microciona) cancapseptima Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Microciona) capverdensis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Microciona) gorgadensis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Microciona) spinarcus (Carter & Hope, 1889) 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Thalysias) minutoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verde for Clathria (Thalysias) vacata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verdean Exclusive Economic Zone for Antho (Antho) nuda Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verdean Exclusive Economic Zone for Artemisina melanoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verdean Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Microciona) aurea Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verdean Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Microciona) bicleistochelifera Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verdean Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Microciona) boavistae Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verdean Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Microciona) calloides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verdean Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Microciona) cancapseptima Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verdean Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Microciona) capverdensis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verdean Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Microciona) gorgadensis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verdean Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Thalysias) minutoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Cape Verdean Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Thalysias) vacata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Guinean Exclusive Economic Zone for Antho (Antho) atlantidae Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Gulf of Guinea West for Antho (Antho) atlantidae Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Madeiran Exclusive Economic Zone for Antho (Antho) mediterranea (Babiç, 1922) 
Mauritanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Antho (Plocamia) erecta (Ferrer Hernández, 1923) 
Mauritanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Antho (Plocamia) hallezi (Topsent, 1904) 
Mauritanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Artemisina incrustans Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Mauritanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Axosuberites) papillata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Mauritanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Clathria) hjorti (Arnesen, 1920) 
Mauritanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Cornulotrocha) cheliglomerata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Mauritanian Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Microciona) conchicola Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Saharan Upwelling for Antho (Plocamia) erecta (Ferrer Hernández, 1923) 
Saharan Upwelling for Antho (Plocamia) hallezi (Topsent, 1904) 
Saharan Upwelling for Clathria (Cornulotrocha) cheliglomerata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Saharan Upwelling for Clathria (Microciona) armata (Bowerbank, 1862) 
Saharan Upwelling for Clathria (Microciona) armata (Bowerbank, 1862) 
Saharan Upwelling for Clathria (Microciona) conchicola Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Saharan Upwelling for Clathria (Paresperia) anchorata (Carter, 1874) 
Sahelian Upwelling for Antho (Plocamia) erecta (Ferrer Hernández, 1923) 
Sahelian Upwelling for Artemisina incrustans Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Sahelian Upwelling for Clathria (Axosuberites) papillata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Sahelian Upwelling for Clathria (Clathria) hjorti (Arnesen, 1920) 
Sahelian Upwelling for Clathria (Microciona) conchicola Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Senegalese Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Clathria) hjorti (Arnesen, 1920) 
South European Atlantic Shelf for Antho (Acarnia) signata (Topsent, 1904) 
St. Helena and Ascension Islands for Clathria (Microciona) ascensionis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
St. Helena and Ascension Islands for Clathria (Microciona) calloides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
St. Helena and Ascension Islands for Clathria (Thalysias) minutoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013 
Western Saharan Exclusive Economic Zone for Clathria (Clathria) hjorti (Arnesen, 1920) 
Holotype ZMUC 19w, geounit Gulf of Guinea West, identified as Antho (Antho) atlantidae Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype MNHN DT 764, geounit Western Mediterranean, identified as Desmacidon arciferum Schmidt, 1868
Holotype ZMA Por. 06589, geounit Sahelian Upwelling, identified as Artemisina incrustans Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 06590, geounit Sahelian Upwelling, identified as Clathria (Microciona) conchicola Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Nontype ZMA Por. 06605, geounit Saharan Upwelling, identified as Clathria (Clathria) hjorti (Arnesen, 1920)
Holotype ZMA Por. 06738, geounit Sahelian Upwelling, identified as Clathria (Axosuberites) papillata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 06910, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Artemisina melanoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 06911, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Antho (Antho) nuda Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 06986, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Microciona) bicleistochelifera Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 06988, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Thalysias) minutoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 07106, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Thalysias) vacata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 07119, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Microciona) calloides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Paratype ZMA Por. 07243, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Microciona) bicleistochelifera Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Paratype ZMA Por. 07278, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Microciona) aurea Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 07346, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Microciona) boavistae Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Paratype ZMA Por. 07356, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Microciona) boavistae Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Paratype ZMA Por. 07358, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Microciona) boavistae Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 07380, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Microciona) capverdensis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 07420, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Microciona) aurea Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 07533, geounit Cape Verde, identified as Clathria (Microciona) cancapseptima Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 09966, geounit Saharan Upwelling, identified as Clathria (Cornulotrocha) cheliglomerata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Holotype ZMA Por. 20827, geounit St. Helena and Ascension Islands, identified as Clathria (Microciona) ascensionis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Neotype RMNH Por. 3853, geounit Azores Canaries Madeira, identified as Artemisina paradoxa Babiç, 1922
 Homonymy

This combination is a senior secondary homonym of Clathria (Paresperia) intermedia (Burton, 1930). However, ... [details]

 Identification

This was synonymized with Clathria (Clathria) coralloides by Topsent, 1938, but it possesses toxas in contrast to ... [details]

 Identification

Possibly this record refers to Clathria (Microciona) gorgadensis according to Van Soest et al. 2013. [details]

 Taxonomy

This is considered a junior synonym of Clathria (Paresperia) anchorata (Carter, 1874, thus removing the junior ... [details]



Website and databases developed and hosted by VLIZ · Page generated 2019-10-22 · contact: Rob van Soest