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Porifera source details

Van Soest, R.W.M.; Meesters, E.H.; Becking, L.E. (2014). Deep-water sponges (Porifera) from Bonaire and Klein Curaçao, Southern Caribbean. Zootaxa. 3878(5): 401-443.
193659
10.11646/zootaxa.3878.5.1 [view]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Meesters, E.H.; Becking, L.E.
2014
Deep-water sponges (Porifera) from Bonaire and Klein Curaçao, Southern Caribbean
Zootaxa
3878(5): 401-443
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
Four submersible dives off the coast of Bonaire (Caribbean Netherlands) and Klein Curaçao (Curaçao) to depths of 99.5–242 m, covering lower mesophotic and upper dysphotic zones, yielded 52 sponge specimens belonging to 31 species. Among these we identified 13 species as new to science. These are Plakinastrella stinapa n.sp., Pachastrella pacoi n. sp., Characella pachastrelloides n. sp., Geodia curacaoensis n. sp., Caminus carmabi n. sp., Discodermia adhaerens n. sp., Clathria (Microciona) acarnoides n. sp., Antho (Acarnia) pellita n. sp., Parahigginsia strongylifera n. sp., Calyx magnoculata n. sp., Neopetrosia dutchi n. sp., Neopetrosia ovata n. sp. and Neopetrosia eurystomata n. sp. We also report an euretid hexactinellid, which belongs to the rare genus Verrucocoeloidea, recently described (2014) as V. liberatorii Reiswig & Dohrmann. The remaining 18 already known species are all illustrated by photos of the habit, either in situ or ‘on deck’, but only briefly characterized in an annotated table to confirm their occurrence in the Southern Caribbean. The habitat investigated—steep limestone rocks, likely representing Pleistocene fossil reefs—is similar to deep-water fossil reefs at Barbados of which the sponges were sampled and studied by Van Soest and Stentoft (1988). A comparison is made between the two localities, showing a high degree of similarity in sponge composition: 53% of the present Bonaire-Klein Curaçao species were also retrieved at Barbados. At the level of higher taxa (genera, families) Bonaire-Klein Curaçao shared approximately 80% of its lower mesophotic and upper dysphotic sponge fauna with Barbados, despite a distance between them of 1000 km, indicating high faunal homogeneity. We also preliminarily compared the shallow-water (euphotic) sponge fauna of Curaçao with the combined data available for the Barbados, Bonaire and Klein Curaçao mesophotic and upper dysphotic sponges, which resulted in the conclusion that the two faunas show only little overlap.
Caribbean region
Systematics, Taxonomy
RIS (EndNote, Reference Manager, ProCite, RefWorks)
BibTex (BibDesk, LaTeX)
Date
action
by
2014-10-29 09:55:47Z
created
2014-10-29 19:20:35Z
changed

Aciculites cribrophora (Schmidt, 1880) (additional source)
Agelas flabelliformis (Carter, 1883) (additional source)
Antho (Acarnia) pellita Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Calyx magnoculata Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Caminus carmabi Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Characella aspera Sollas, 1886 (additional source)
Characella poecillastroides Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Clathria (Microciona) acarnoides Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Corallistes typus Schmidt, 1870 (additional source)
Daedalopelta nodosa (Schmidt, 1879) (additional source)
Discodermia adhaerens Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Discodermia dissoluta Schmidt, 1880 (additional source)
Gastrophanella implexa Schmidt, 1879 (additional source)
Geodia curacaoensis Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Leiodermatium lynceus Schmidt, 1870 (additional source)
Neopelta perfecta Schmidt, 1880 (additional source)
Neopetrosia dutchi Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Neopetrosia eurystomata Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Neopetrosia ovata Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Pachastrella pacoi Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Parahigginsia strongylifera Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Plakinastrella stinapa Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 (original description)
Siphonodictyon viridescens (Schmidt, 1880) (new combination reference)
Theonella atlantica van Soest & Stentoft, 1988 (additional source)
Southern Caribbean for Aciculites cribrophora (Schmidt, 1880) 
Southern Caribbean for Antho (Acarnia) pellita Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Calyx magnoculata Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Caminus carmabi Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Characella aspera Sollas, 1886 
Southern Caribbean for Characella poecillastroides Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Characella poecillastroides Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Clathria (Microciona) acarnoides Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Corallistes typus Schmidt, 1870 
Southern Caribbean for Daedalopelta nodosa (Schmidt, 1879) 
Southern Caribbean for Discodermia adhaerens Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Gastrophanella implexa Schmidt, 1879 
Southern Caribbean for Geodia curacaoensis Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Leiodermatium lynceus Schmidt, 1870 
Southern Caribbean for Neopelta perfecta Schmidt, 1880 
Southern Caribbean for Neopetrosia dutchi Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Neopetrosia eurystomata Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Neopetrosia ovata Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Pachastrella pacoi Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Parahigginsia strongylifera Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Plakinastrella stinapa Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014 
Southern Caribbean for Siphonodictyon viridescens (Schmidt, 1880) 
Southern Caribbean for Theonella atlantica van Soest & Stentoft, 1988 
Holotype RMNH Por 9252, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Plakinastrella stinapa Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9239, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Neopetrosia eurystomata Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9240, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Antho (Acarnia) pellita Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9241, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Discodermia adhaerens Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9243, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Clathria (Microciona) acarnoides Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9245, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Caminus carmabi Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9247, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Characella poecillastroides Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9251, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Parahigginsia strongylifera Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9253, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Neopetrosia dutchi Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9254, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Calyx magnoculata Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9255, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Pachastrella pacoi Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9257, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Neopetrosia ovata Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Holotype RMNH Por. 9260, geounit Southern Caribbean, identified as Geodia curacaoensis Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
 Synonymy

Parra et al. 2014 assigned this species to the synonymy of Agelas dilatata, but the type material and recent fresh ... [details]



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