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Porifera source details

Goodwin, C.E.; Berman, J.; Downey, R.V.; Hendry, K.R. (2017). Carnivorous sponges (Porifera : Demospongiae : Poecilosclerida :  Cladorhizidae) from the Drake Passage (Southern Ocean) with a description of eight new species and a review of the family Cladorhizidae in the Southern Ocean. Invertebrate Systematics. 31 (1):37-64.
275176
10.1071/IS16020 [view]
Goodwin, C.E.; Berman, J.; Downey, R.V.; Hendry, K.R.
2017
Carnivorous sponges (Porifera : Demospongiae : Poecilosclerida :  Cladorhizidae) from the Drake Passage (Southern Ocean) with a description of eight new species and a review of the family Cladorhizidae in the Southern Ocean
Invertebrate Systematics
31 (1):37-64
Publication
Available for editors  PDF available [request]
This study reviews the taxonomy and biogeography of carnivorous sponges (family Cladorhizidae) in the Southern Ocean. Specimens were collected from seamounts in the Drake Passage by dredging and trawling and biogeographical information from other sources was compiled and reviewed. Eight new species of carnivorous sponges are described: Abyssocladia leverhulmei, sp. nov., Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) sarsensis, sp. nov., A. (A.) gemmae, sp. nov., A. (A.) rhaphidiophorus, sp. nov., Asbestopluma (Helophloeina) keraia, sp. nov., Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) saffronae, sp. nov., Cladorhiza scanlonae, sp. nov. and Lycopodina drakensis, sp. nov. Specimens of three previously described species, L. callithrix, L. calyx and A. (A.) bitrichela, were also found. These new records increase the number of known carnivorous sponge species in the Southern Ocean by more than a third. We demonstrate that the Cladorhizidae is the second most species-rich family of Demospongiae in the Southern Ocean and many of its species are highly endemic, with 70% found only in this region. Southern Ocean species represent close to 20% of all known carnivorous sponges. This study highlights the importance of seamount and bathyal benthic habitats for supporting the rich and endemic carnivorous sponge fauna of the Southern Ocean.
Antarctic
Southern Ocean: Antarctic and Subantarctic marine regions together (= E+W+S+M(+T))
Systematics, Taxonomy
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Date
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by
2017-03-21 09:52:30Z
created
2017-03-21 10:05:42Z
changed
2017-03-22 16:41:45Z
changed

Holotype MNHNC POR–15011, geounit Channels and Fjords of Southern Chile, identified as Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) rhaphidiophorus Goodwin, Berman, Downey & Hendry, 2017
Holotype MNHNC POR 15006, geounit Drake Passage, identified as Lycopodina drakensis Goodwin, Berman, Downey & Hendry, 2017
Holotype MNHNC POR 15009, geounit Drake Passage, identified as Asbestopluma (Helophloeina) keraia Goodwin, Berman, Downey & Hendry, 2017
Holotype MNHNC POR–15005, geounit Drake Passage, identified as Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) gemmae Goodwin, Berman, Downey & Hendry, 2017
Holotype MNHNC POR–15008, geounit Antarctic Lower Bathyal Province, identified as Abyssocladia leverhulmei Goodwin, Berman, Downey & Hendry, 2017
Holotype MNHNC POR–15012, geounit Drake Passage, identified as Asbestopluma (Asbestopluma) sarsensis Goodwin, Berman, Downey & Hendry, 2017
Holotype MNHNC POR–15013, geounit Drake Passage, identified as Chondrocladia (Chondrocladia) saffronae Goodwin, Berman, Downey & Hendry, 2017
Holotype MNHNC POR–15017, geounit Drake Passage, identified as Cladorhiza scanlonae Goodwin, Berman, Downey & Hendry, 2017


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