Rapp, H.T. (2006). Calcareous sponges of the genera Clathrina and Guancha (Calcinea, Calcarea, Porifera) of Norway (north-east Atlantic) with the description of five new species. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 147 (3): 331-365.
Calcareous sponges of the genera <i>Clathrina</i> and <i>Guancha</i> (Calcinea, Calcarea, Porifera) of Norway (north-east Atlantic) with the description of five new species.
The taxonomy and distribution of 11 species of calcareous sponges of the subclass Calcinea from the Norwegian coast are reviewed. The Norwegian Calcinea represents a mixture of southern boreal/boreal and boreoarctic species, and the calcinean sponge fauna of northern Norway has strong similarities to the Greenlandic and the White Sea/Barents
Sea sponge faunas. Most Norwegian Calcinea have their main distribution between 20 and 100 m depth, although some species are found only in the shallow sublittoral or from sublittoral to abyssal depths. Six species were previously reported in the area: Clathrina coriacea (Montagu, 1818), Clathrina cribrata Rapp et al., 2001, Clathrina nanseni (Breitfuss, 1896), Clathrina septentrionalis Rapp et al., 2001, Guancha blanca Miklucho-Maclay, 1868 and Guancha lacunosa (Johnston, 1842). Five species are new to science: Clathrina corallicola, Clathrina jorunnae, Guancha arnesenae, Guancha camura, and
Guancha pellucida spp. nov. A key to the known Norwegian Calcinea is provided.