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Porifera taxon details

Clathria Schmidt, 1862

131868  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:131868)

accepted
Genus
Clathria compressa Schmidt, 1862 represented as Clathria (Clathria) compressa Schmidt, 1862 (type by subsequent designation)
Subgenus Clathria (Axociella) Hallmann, 1920 accepted as Clathria (Axosuberites) Topsent, 1893 (junior synonym)
Subgenus Clathria (Axosuberites) Topsent, 1893
Subgenus Clathria (Clathria) Schmidt, 1862
Subgenus Clathria (Clathriopsamma) Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Clathria (Wilsonella) Carter, 1885
Subgenus Clathria (Cornulotrocha) Topsent, 1927
Subgenus Clathria (Dendrocia) Hallmann, 1920
Subgenus Clathria (Isociella) Hallmann, 1920
Subgenus Clathria (Microciona) Bowerbank, 1862
Subgenus Clathria (Paresperia) Burton, 1930
Subgenus Clathria (Thalysias) Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864
Subgenus Clathria (Wilsonella) Carter, 1885
Species Clathria abietina (Lamarck, 1814) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) abietina (Lamarck, 1814) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) abietina (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) abrolhosensis Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria abrolhosensis Hooper, 1996 represented as Clathria (Wilsonella) abrolhosensis Hooper, 1996 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria abyssorum (Carter, 1876) accepted as Antho (Antho) dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria acanthodes Hentschel, 1911 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) cactiformis (Lamarck, 1814) (junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Clathria) acanthostyli (Hoshino, 1981)
Species Clathria (Clathria) acanthotoxa (Stephens, 1916)
Species Clathria acanthotoxa (Stephens, 1916) represented as Clathria (Clathria) acanthotoxa (Stephens, 1916) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria acanthotoxa (Lévi & Lévi, 1989) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) claudei Hooper, 1996 (preoccupied)
Species Clathria (Microciona) acarnoides Van Soest, Meesters & Becking, 2014
Species Clathria (Microciona) aceratoobtusa (Carter, 1887)
Species Clathria aceratoobtusa (Carter, 1887) represented as Clathria (Microciona) aceratoobtusa (Carter, 1887) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) achelata Sandes & Pinheiro, 2016
Species Clathria aculeata Ridley, 1884 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) abietina (Lamarck, 1814) (junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Microciona) aculeofila Aguirre, Hooker, Willenz & Hajdu, 2011
Species Clathria (Microciona) adioristica (de Laubenfels, 1953)
Species Clathria adioristica (de Laubenfels, 1953) represented as Clathria (Microciona) adioristica (de Laubenfels, 1953) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria affinis (Carter, 1880) represented as Clathria (Microciona) affinis (Carter, 1880) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) affinis (Carter, 1880)
Species Clathria (Microciona) affinis (Topsent, 1889) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) campecheae Hooper, 1996 (junior homonym)
Species Clathria (Microciona) africana (Lévi, 1956)
Species Clathria alata Dendy, 1896 accepted as Clathria (Dendrocia) pyramida Lendenfeld, 1888 (junior synonym)
Species Clathria amabilis (Thiele, 1905) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) amabilis (Thiele, 1905) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) amabilis (Thiele, 1905)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) amirantiensis Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria amirantiensis Hooper, 1996 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) amirantiensis Hooper, 1996 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria anancora (Topsent, 1904) represented as Clathria (Microciona) anancora (Topsent, 1904) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) anancora (Topsent, 1904)
Species Clathria (Clathria) anchorata (Carter, 1874) accepted as Clathria (Paresperia) anchorata (Carter, 1874) (subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria anchorata (Carter, 1874) represented as Clathria (Paresperia) anchorata (Carter, 1874) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Paresperia) anchorata (Carter, 1874)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) anchoratum (Carter, 1881) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) cactiformis (Lamarck, 1814) (junior synonym)
Species Clathria angularis (Sarà & Siribelli, 1960) represented as Clathria (Microciona) angularis (Sarà & Siribelli, 1960) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) angularis (Sarà & Siribelli, 1960)
Species Clathria (Clathria) angulifera Dendy, 1896
Species Clathria angulifera Dendy, 1896 represented as Clathria (Clathria) angulifera Dendy, 1896 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) anomala (Burton, 1933)
Species Clathria anonyma (Burton, 1959) represented as Clathria (Microciona) anonyma (Burton, 1959) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) anonyma (Burton, 1959)
Species Clathria (Microciona) antarctica (Topsent, 1917)
Species Clathria (Clathria) anthoides Lévi, 1993
Species Clathria anthoides Lévi, 1993 represented as Clathria (Clathria) anthoides Lévi, 1993 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) antyaja (Burton & Rao, 1932)
Species Clathria aphylla Hooper, 1996 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) aphylla Hooper, 1996 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) aphylla Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Thalysias) araiosa Hooper & Lévi, 1993
Species Clathria araiosa Hooper & Lévi, 1993 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) araiosa Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria arborescens (Ridley, 1884) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) arborescens (Ridley, 1884) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) arborescens (Ridley, 1884)
Species Clathria (Clathria) arbuscula (Row, 1911)
Species Clathria (Clathria) arcifera (Schmidt, 1868)
Species Clathria (Clathria) arcuophora Whitelegge, 1907
Species Clathria arcuophora Whitelegge, 1907 represented as Clathria (Clathria) arcuophora Whitelegge, 1907 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria armata (Bowerbank, 1862) represented as Clathria (Microciona) armata (Bowerbank, 1862) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) armata (Bowerbank, 1862)
Species Clathria (Clathria) arroyoi Uriz, 1984
Species Clathria arroyoi Uriz, 1984 represented as Clathria (Clathria) arroyoi Uriz, 1984 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria arteria (de Laubenfels, 1954) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) arteria (de Laubenfels, 1954) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) arteria (de Laubenfels, 1954)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) aruensis (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Clathria aruensis (Hentschel, 1912) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) aruensis (Hentschel, 1912) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria ascendens (Cabioch, 1968) represented as Clathria (Microciona) ascendens (Cabioch, 1968) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) ascendens (Cabioch, 1968)
Species Clathria (Microciona) ascensionis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria (Clathria) asodes (de Laubenfels, 1930)
Species Clathria aspera Gammill, 1997 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Clathria assimilis Topsent, 1925 represented as Clathria (Microciona) assimilis Topsent, 1925 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) assimilis Topsent, 1925
Species Clathria (Microciona) atoxa Topsent, 1928
Species Clathria (Clathria) atoxa (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988)
Species Clathria (Microciona) atrasanguinea (Bowerbank, 1862)
Species Clathria atrasanguinea (Bowerbank, 1862) represented as Clathria (Microciona) atrasanguinea (Bowerbank, 1862) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) aurantia Annunziata, Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2019
Species Clathria (Microciona) aurea Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria australiensis (Carter, 1885) represented as Clathria (Wilsonella) australiensis Carter, 1885 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) australiensis Carter, 1885
Species Clathria australis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Crella incrustans var. arenacea (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Microciona) australis (Gray, 1867) accepted as Crella incrustans var. arenacea (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Clathria) axociona Lévi, 1963
Species Clathria axociona Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) axociona Lévi, 1963 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) represented as Clathria (Clathria) barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) barleei (Bowerbank, 1866)
Species Clathria basiarenacea (Boury-Esnault, 1973) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) basiarenacea (Boury-Esnault, 1973) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) basiarenacea (Boury-Esnault, 1973)
Species Clathria basifixa (Topsent, 1913) represented as Clathria (Microciona) basifixa (Topsent, 1913) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) basifixa (Topsent, 1913)
Species Clathria (Clathria) basilana Lévi, 1961
Species Clathria basilana Lévi, 1961 represented as Clathria (Clathria) basilana Lévi, 1961 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) basispinosa (Burton, 1934) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) antarctica (Topsent, 1917) (junior synonym)
Species Clathria beani (Bowerbank, 1866) accepted as Antho (Antho) involvens (Schmidt, 1864) (genus transfer)
Species Clathria benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 represented as Clathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) benguelaensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Species Clathria biclathrata Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994 represented as Clathria (Clathria) biclathrata Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) biclathrata Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994
Species Clathria (Microciona) bicleistochelifera Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria (Microciona) bitoxa (Burton, 1930)
Species Clathria bitoxa (Burton, 1930) represented as Clathria (Microciona) bitoxa (Burton, 1930) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria bitoxifera (Koltun, 1970) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) bitoxifera (Koltun, 1970) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) bitoxifera (Koltun, 1970)
Species Clathria (Microciona) boavistae Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria (Clathria) borealis Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria borealis Hooper, 1996 represented as Clathria (Clathria) borealis Hooper, 1996 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria brepha (Laubenfels, 1930) represented as Clathria (Microciona) brepha (Laubenfels, 1930) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) brepha (Laubenfels, 1930)
Species Clathria (Microciona) brondstedi Hooper, 1996 accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) pennata Brøndsted, 1932 (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria brondstedi Hooper, 1996 accepted as Hymedesmia (Hymedesmia) pennata Brøndsted, 1932 (subgenus assignment and reverted genus transfer)
Species Clathria bulboretorta (Carter, 1880) represented as Clathria (Microciona) bulboretorta (Carter, 1880) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) bulboretorta (Carter, 1880)
Species Clathria (Clathria) bulbosa Hooper & Lévi, 1993
Species Clathria bulbosa Hooper & Lévi, 1993 represented as Clathria (Clathria) bulbosa Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria bulbotoxa van Soest, 1984 represented as Clathria (Microciona) bulbotoxa van Soest, 1984 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) bulbotoxa van Soest, 1984
Species Clathria (Clathria) burtoni Cuartas, 1995
Species Clathria burtoni Cuartas, 1995 represented as Clathria (Clathria) burtoni Cuartas, 1995
Species Clathria burtoni Hooper, 1996 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) burtoni Cuartas, 1995 (authority assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) cactiformis (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Clathria caelata Hallmann, 1912 represented as Clathria (Clathria) caelata Hallmann, 1912 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) caelata Hallmann, 1912
Species Clathria (Clathria) caespes (Ehlers, 1870) accepted as Crella caespes (Ehlers, 1870) (genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Microciona) calla (Laubenfels, 1934)
Species Clathria calla (Laubenfels, 1934) represented as Clathria (Microciona) calla (Laubenfels, 1934) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) calloides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria calochela (Hentschel, 1912) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) calochela (Hentschel, 1912) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) calochela (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Clathria calopora Whitelegge, 1907 represented as Clathria (Clathria) calopora Whitelegge, 1907 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) calopora Whitelegge, 1907
Species Clathria (Clathria) calypso Boury-Esnault, 1973
Species Clathria calypso Boury-Esnault, 1973 represented as Clathria (Clathria) calypso Boury-Esnault, 1973 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria campecheae Hooper, 1996 represented as Clathria (Microciona) campecheae Hooper, 1996 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) campecheae Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) canaliculata (Whitelegge, 1906)
Species Clathria (Microciona) cancapseptima Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria (Thalysias) cancellaria (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Clathria (Clathria) cantabrica (Orueta, 1901) accepted as Clathria (Clathria) barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) (junior synonym)
Species Clathria cantabrica (Orueta, 1901) accepted as Clathria (Clathria) barleei (Bowerbank, 1866) (junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Microciona) capverdensis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria (Clathria) carteri Topsent, 1889
Species Clathria carteri Topsent, 1889
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) cercidochela (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) cervicornis (Thiele, 1903)
Species Clathria cervicornis (Thiele, 1903) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) cervicornis (Thiele, 1903) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria chartacea Whitelegge, 1907 accepted as Antho (Isopenectya) chartacea (Whitelegge, 1907) (genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Microciona) cheeki Goodwin, Jones, Neely & Brickle, 2016
Species Clathria (Clathria) chelifera (Hentschel, 1911)
Species Clathria chelifera (Lévi, 1960) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) tunisiae Hooper, 1996 (preoccupied)
Species Clathria chelifera (Hentschel, 1911) represented as Clathria (Clathria) chelifera (Hentschel, 1911)
Species Clathria (Cornulotrocha) cheliglomerata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria (Cornulotrocha) cheliradians (Topsent, 1927)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) chelosigmoidea Zea, Rodriguez & Martinez, 2014
Species Clathria clathrata (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) virgultosa (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Clathria claudei Hooper, 1996 represented as Clathria (Microciona) claudei Hooper, 1996 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) claudei Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria claviformis Hentschel, 1912 represented as Clathria (Wilsonella) claviformis Hentschel, 1912 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) claviformis Hentschel, 1912
Species Clathria cleistochela Topsent, 1925 represented as Clathria (Microciona) cleistochela Topsent, 1925 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) cleistochela Topsent, 1925
Species Clathria (Microciona) coccinea (Bergquist, 1961)
Species Clathria coccinea (Bergquist, 1961) represented as Clathria (Microciona) coccinea (Bergquist, 1961) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria collosclera van Soest, 2009 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) collosclera van Soest, 2009 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) collosclera van Soest, 2009
Species Clathria (Thalysias) complanata Van Soest, 2017
Species Clathria compressa (Bowerbank, 1875)
Species Clathria compressa Schmidt, 1862 represented as Clathria (Clathria) compressa Schmidt, 1862 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) compressa Schmidt, 1862
Species Clathria (Microciona) conchicola Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria (Clathria) conectens (Hallmann, 1912)
Species Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963
Species Clathria conica Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) conica Lévi, 1963 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria connectens (Hallmann, 1912) represented as Clathria (Clathria) conectens (Hallmann, 1912) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) contorta (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988)
Species Clathria copiosa Topsent, 1889 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) virgultosa (Lamarck, 1814) (junior synonym)
Species Clathria coppingeri Ridley, 1884 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) coppingeri Ridley, 1884 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) coppingeri Ridley, 1884
Species Clathria (Thalysias) coralliophila (Thiele, 1903)
Species Clathria corallitincta Dendy, 1889 accepted as Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) (junior synonym)
Species Clathria coralloides (Scopoli, 1772) represented as Clathria (Clathria) coralloides (Scopoli, 1772) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) coralloides (Scopoli, 1772)
Species Clathria corallorhizoides Fristedt, 1887 accepted as Lissodendoryx (Lissodendoryx) complicata (Hansen, 1885) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) coriocrassus (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) corneolia Hooper & Lévi, 1993
Species Clathria corneolia Hooper & Lévi, 1993 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) corneolia Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria costifera Hallmann, 1912 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) costifera Hallmann, 1912 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) costifera Hallmann, 1912
Species Clathria (Thalysias) craspedia Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria craspedia Hooper, 1996 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) craspedia Hooper, 1996 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) crassa (Lendenfeld, 1887)
Species Clathria (Microciona) crassitoxa Santos & Pinheiro, 2014
Species Clathria cratitia (Esper, 1797) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) cratitia (Esper, 1797) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) cratitia (Esper, 1797)
Species Clathria ctenichela (Alander, 1942) represented as Clathria (Microciona) ctenichela (Alander, 1942) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) ctenichela (Alander, 1942)
Species Clathria cullingworthi Burton, 1931 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) cullingworthi Burton, 1931 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) cullingworthi Burton, 1931
Species Clathria (Thalysias) curacaoensis Arndt, 1927
Species Clathria curacaoensis Arndt, 1927 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) curacaoensis Arndt, 1927
Species Clathria curvichela (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1965) accepted as Clathria (Microciona) vacelettia Hooper, 1996 (junior homonym)
Species Clathria (Dendrocia) curvichela (Hallmann, 1912)
Species Clathria (Clathria) curvispiculifera (Carter, 1880) accepted as Cerbaris curvispiculifer (Carter, 1880) (genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) cylindrica (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
Species Clathria (Microciona) danielae Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2019
Species Clathria darwinensis Hooper, 1996 represented as Clathria (Thalysias) darwinensis Hooper, 1996 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) darwinensis Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria dayi Lévi, 1963 represented as Clathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) dayi Lévi, 1963
Species Clathria (Clathria) decumbens Ridley, 1884
Species Clathria decumbens Ridley, 1884 represented as Clathria (Clathria) decumbens Ridley, 1884 (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria delaubenfelsi (Lévi, 1963) represented as Clathria (Thalysias) delaubenfelsi (Lévi, 1963) (subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) delaubenfelsi (Lévi, 1963)
Species Clathria delicata Lambe, 1896 accepted as Clathria (Clathria) prolifera (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Clathria) delicata Lambe, 1896 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Microciona) dendyi (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988)
Species Clathria dendyi (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria densa (Burton, 1959) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) densa (Burton, 1959)
Species Clathria dentata Topsent, 1889 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria depressa Sarà & Melone, 1966 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) depressa Sarà & Melone, 1966
Species Clathria (Microciona) dianae (Schmidt, 1875)
Species Clathria dianae (Schmidt, 1875) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria dichela sensu Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976
Species Clathria dichela Hentschel, 1912 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria diechinata Hallmann, 1912 (unaccepted, nomen nudum and junior synonym)
Species Clathria discreta (Thiele, 1905) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) discreta (Thiele, 1905)
Species Clathria distincta (Thiele, 1903) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) distincta (Thiele, 1903)
Species Clathria ditoxa (Stephens, 1916) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) ditoxa (Stephens, 1916)
Species Clathria dubia (Kirkpatrick, 1900) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) dubia (Kirkpatrick, 1900)
Species Clathria duplex Sarà, 1958 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) duplex Sarà, 1958
Species Clathria dura Whitelegge, 1901 (alternate representation, subgenus asignment)
Species Clathria (Dendrocia) dura Whitelegge, 1901
Species Clathria (Isociella) eccentrica (Burton, 1934)
Species Clathria eccentrica (Burton, 1934) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria echinata (Alcolado, 1984) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) echinata (Alcolado, 1984)
Species Clathria (Clathria) echinonematissima (Carter, 1887)
Species Clathria echinonematissima (Carter, 1887) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria elastica Lévi, 1963 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria elastica Sarà, 1978 (unaccepted, subgenus assignment and junior homonym)
Species Clathria (Clathria) elastica Lévi, 1963
Species Clathria (Clathria) elegans Vosmaer, 1880
Species Clathria elegans Vosmaer, 1880 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria elegantula Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Dendrocia) elegantula Ridley & Dendy, 1886
Species Clathria elliptichela (Alander, 1942) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) elliptichela (Alander, 1942)
Species Clathria encrusta Kumar, 1925 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) encrusta Kumar, 1925
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) ensiae Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria ensiae Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria erecta (Thiele, 1899) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) erecta (Thiele, 1899)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) eurypa (Laubenfels, 1954)
Species Clathria eurypa (Laubenfels, 1954) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria fallax (Bowerbank, 1866) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) fallax (Bowerbank, 1866)
Species Clathria fascicularis Topsent, 1889 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) fascicularis Topsent, 1889
Species Clathria (Thalysias) fasciculata Wilson, 1925
Species Clathria fasciculata Wilson, 1925 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) fascispiculifera (Carter, 1880) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria fauroti (Topsent, 1893) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) fauroti (Topsent, 1893)
Species Clathria faviformis Lehnert & van Soest, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) faviformis Lehnert & van Soest, 1996
Species Clathria favosa Whitelegge, 1907 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria ferrea (de Laubenfels, 1936) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) ferrea (de Laubenfels, 1936)
Species Clathria filifera (Ridley & Dendy, 1886) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) filifera (Ridley & Dendy, 1886)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) flabellata (Burton, 1936)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) flabellata (Topsent, 1916)
Species Clathria flabellata (Burton, 1936) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) flabellata (Burton, 1936) (unaccepted, subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria flabellifera Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) flabellifera Hooper & Lévi, 1993
Species Clathria foliacea Topsent, 1889 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) foliacea Topsent, 1889
Species Clathria (Clathria) foliascens Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971
Species Clathria foliascens Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) foraminifera (Burton & Rao, 1932)
Species Clathria (Microciona) fraudator (Bowerbank, 1874) (unaccepted, genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Microciona) frogeti (Vacelet, 1969)
Species Clathria frogeti (Vacelet, 1969) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) fromontae Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Axociella) fromontae Hooper, 1996 (unaccepted, subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria frondiculata (Schmidt, 1864) (alternate representation)
Species Clathria (Clathria) frondiculata (Schmidt, 1864)
Species Clathria frondifera (Bowerbank, 1875) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria fusterna Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) fusterna Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Clathria) gageoensis Kim & Sim, 2005
Species Clathria georgiaensis Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) georgiaensis Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Clathria) gombawuiensis Kim & Sim, 2005
Species Clathria (Clathria) gomezae Van Soest, 2017
Species Clathria (Microciona) gorgadensis Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria (Clathria) gorgonioides (Dendy, 1916)
Species Clathria gorgonioides (Dendy, 1916) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria gradalis Topsent, 1925 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) gradalis Topsent, 1925
Species Clathria granulata (Keller, 1889)
Species Clathria grisea (Hentschel, 1911) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) grisea (Hentschel, 1911)
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) guettardi (Topsent, 1933)
Species Clathria (Microciona) haematodes (de Laubenfels, 1957)
Species Clathria haematodes (de Laubenfels, 1957) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria hallmanni Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) hallmanni Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria haplotoxa (Topsent, 1928) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) haplotoxa (Topsent, 1928)
Species Clathria hartmani (Simpson, 1966) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) hartmani (Simpson, 1966)
Species Clathria hartmeyeri Hentschel, 1911 (unaccepted, genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Clathria hechteli Hooper, 1996 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) hechteli Hooper, 1996 (unaccepted, junior synonym and removed homonymy)
Species Clathria hentscheli Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) hentscheli Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Thalysias) hermicola van Soest, Kaiser & Van Syoc, 2011
Species Clathria (Thalysias) hesperia Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria hesperia Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria heterotoxa (Hentschel, 1929) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) heterotoxa (Hentschel, 1929)
Species Clathria (Clathria) hexagonopora Lévi, 1963
Species Clathria hexagonopora Lévi, 1963 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) hillenburgi Annunziata, Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2019
Species Clathria (Thalysias) hirsuta Hooper & Lévi, 1993
Species Clathria hirsuta Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) hispidula (Ridley, 1884)
Species Clathria (Clathria) hjorti (Arnesen, 1920)
Species Clathria hjorti (Arnesen, 1920) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria hongdoensis Kim & Sim, 2006 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) hongdoensis Kim & Sim, 2006
Species Clathria hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) hooperi Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Species Clathria horrida (Row, 1911) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) horrida (Row, 1911)
Species Clathria (Microciona) hymedesmioides van Soest, 1984
Species Clathria hymedesmioides van Soest, 1984 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) ieoensis Kang & Sim, 2018
Species Clathria (Microciona) illawarrae Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria illawarrae Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria imperfecta Dendy, 1896 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Dendrocia) imperfecta Dendy, 1896
Species Clathria inanchorata Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) inanchorata Ridley & Dendy, 1886
Species Clathria incrustans (Bergquist, 1961) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Isociella) incrustans Bergquist, 1961
Species Clathria indica Dendy, 1889 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) indica Dendy, 1889
Species Clathria indurata Hallmann, 1912 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria inhacensis Thomas, 1979 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) inhacensis Thomas, 1979
Species Clathria (Clathria) intermedia Kirk, 1911
Species Clathria (Clathria) intermedia (Burton, 1930) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria intermedia Kirk, 1911 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) irregularis (Burton, 1931)
Species Clathria isodictyoides (van Soest, 1984) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) isodictyoides (van Soest, 1984)
Species Clathria ixauda (Lévi, 1969) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) ixauda (Lévi, 1969)
Species Clathria (Isociella) jacksoniana (Dendy, 1897) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Microciona) jecusculum (Bowerbank, 1866) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Microciona) jolicoeuri (Topsent, 1892) (unaccepted, subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria jolicoeuri (Topsent, 1892) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) jolicoeuri (Topsent, 1892)
Species Clathria jugosa Wilson, 1902 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria juncea Burton, 1931 (alternate representation, subgenus asignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) juncea Burton, 1931
Species Clathria juniperina (Lamarck, 1814) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) juniperina (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Clathria (Microciona) kentii (Bowerbank, 1874) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria kieschnicki Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) kieschnicki Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994
Species Clathria (Thalysias) kilauea (Laubenfels, 1951)
Species Clathria kilauea (Laubenfels, 1951) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria koltuni Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) koltuni Hooper in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994
Species Clathria koreana Sim & Lee, 1998 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) koreana Sim & Lee, 1998
Species Clathria (Clathria) kylista Hooper & Lévi, 1993
Species Clathria kylista Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria labyrinthica (Schmidt, 1864) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Clathria) labyrinthica (Schmidt, 1864) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria laciniosa (Bowerbank in Norman, 1869) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria laevigata Lambe, 1893 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) laevigata Lambe, 1893
Species Clathria (Microciona) laevis (Bowerbank, 1866)
Species Clathria laevis (Bowerbank, 1866) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) laevissima (Dendy, 1922) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Microciona) lajorei (de Laubenfels, 1954)
Species Clathria lajorei (de Laubenfels, 1954) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria lambda (Lévi, 1958) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) lambda (Lévi, 1958)
Species Clathria (Axociella) lambei (Koltun, 1955) (unaccepted, subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) lambei (Koltun, 1955)
Species Clathria (Microciona) larae Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2019
Species Clathria (Microciona) leighensis Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria leighensis Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria lematolae Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) lematolae Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Thalysias) lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886
Species Clathria lendenfeldi Ridley & Dendy, 1886 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria levii (Sarà & Siribelli, 1960) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) levii (Sarà & Siribelli, 1960)
Species Clathria linda (de Laubenfels, 1954) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) linda (de Laubenfels, 1954)
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) lindgreni Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria lindgreni Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria lipochela Burton, 1932 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) lipochela Burton, 1932
Species Clathria lissoclada (Burton, 1934) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) lissoclada (Burton, 1934)
Species Clathria lissosclera Bergquist & Fromont, 1988 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) lissosclera Bergquist & Fromont, 1988
Species Clathria litos Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) litos Hooper & Lévi, 1993
Species Clathria (Clathriopsamma) litos Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (unaccepted)
Species Clathria lizardensis Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) lizardensis Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Clathria) lobata Vosmaer, 1880
Species Clathria lobata Vosmaer, 1880 (alternate representation, subgenus asignment)
Species Clathria longichela Topsent, 1928 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Microciona) longispiculum (Carter, 1876) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Microciona) longistyla (Burton, 1959)
Species Clathria longitoxa (Hentschel, 1912) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) longitoxa (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Clathria loveni Fristedt, 1887 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria macrochela (Lévi, 1960) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) macrochela (Lévi, 1960)
Species Clathria (Clathria) macroisochela Lévi, 1993
Species Clathria macroisochela Lévi, 1993 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria macropora Lendenfeld, 1888 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Isociella) macropora Lendenfeld, 1888
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) macrotoxa (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988)
Species Clathria madrepora Dendy, 1922 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria maeandrina Ridley, 1884 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) maeandrina Ridley, 1884
Species Clathria major Hentschel, 1912 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) major Hentschel, 1912
Species Clathria marissuperi Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) marissuperi Pulitzer-Finali, 1983
Species Clathria marplatensis (Cuartas, 1992) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) marplatensis (Cuartas, 1992)
Species Clathria (Microciona) matthewsi Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Species Clathria maunaloa (de Laubenfels, 1951) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) maunaloa (de Laubenfels, 1951)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) membranacea (Thiele, 1905)
Species Clathria membranacea (Thiele, 1905) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria menoui Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) menoui Hooper & Lévi, 1993
Species Clathria (Clathria) meyeri (Bowerbank, 1877)
Species Clathria meyeri (Bowerbank, 1877) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria michaelseni (Hentschel, 1911) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) michaelseni (Hentschel, 1911)
Species Clathria microchela (Stephens, 1916) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) microchela (Stephens, 1916)
Species Clathria (Microciona) microjoanna (de Laubenfels, 1930)
Species Clathria microjoanna (de Laubenfels, 1930) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria micronesia (de Laubenfels, 1954) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) micronesia (de Laubenfels, 1954)
Species Clathria micropunctata (Burton & Rao, 1932) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) micropunctata (Burton & Rao, 1932)
Species Clathria microxa Desqueyroux, 1972 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) microxa Desqueyroux, 1972
Species Clathria (Microciona) microxea (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971)
Species Clathria microxea (Vacelet & Vasseur, 1971) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria mima (de Laubenfels, 1954) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) mima (de Laubenfels, 1954)
Species Clathria minuta (van Soest, 1984) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) minuta (van Soest, 1984)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) minutoides Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) mixta Hentschel, 1912
Species Clathria mixta Hentschel, 1912 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria mollis Kirkpatrick, 1903 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Microciona) moraesi Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2019
Species Clathria morisca Schmidt, 1868 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria mortenseni Brøndsted, 1924 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) mortenseni (Brøndsted, 1924)
Species Clathria (Clathria) mosulpia Sim & Byeon, 1989
Species Clathria mosulpia Sim & Byeon, 1989 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) multiformis Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019
Species Clathria (Clathria) multipes Hallmann, 1912
Species Clathria multipes Hallmann, 1912 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria multipora Whitelegge, 1907 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) multitoxaformis (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988)
Species Clathria murphyi Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) murphyi Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria mutabilis (Topsent, 1897) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) mutabilis (Topsent, 1897)
Species Clathria (Microciona) mytilifila Hajdu, Desqueyroux-Faúndez, Carvalho, Lôbo-Hajdu & Willenz, 2013
Species Clathria myxilloides Dendy, 1896 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Dendrocia) myxilloides Dendy, 1896
Species Clathria (Thalysias) naikaiensis (Hoshino, 1981)
Species Clathria naikaiensis (Hoshino, 1981) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) namibiensis (Uriz, 1984)
Species Clathria nervosa (Lévi, 1963) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) nervosa (Lévi, 1963)
Species Clathria (Clathria) nicoleae Vieira de Barros, Santos & Pinheiro, 2013
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) nidificata (Kirkpatrick, 1907)
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) nigra (Boury-Esnault, 1973)
Species Clathria (Microciona) nisiae Cavalcanti, Santos & Pinheiro, 2019
Species Clathria (Clathria) noarlungae Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria noarlungae Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria normani (Burton, 1930) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) normani (Burton, 1930)
Species Clathria (Microciona) novaezealandiae (Brøndsted, 1924)
Species Clathria nuda Hentschel, 1912 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) nuda Hentschel, 1912
Species Clathria obliqua (George & Wilson, 1919) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) obliqua (George & Wilson, 1919)
Species Clathria (Clathria) oculata Burton, 1933
Species Clathria oculata Burton, 1933 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) omegiensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Species Clathria (Thalysias) ongulensis (Hoshino, 1977) †
Species Clathria (Thalysias) opalina Zea, Rodriguez & Martinez, 2014
Species Clathria (Thalysias) orientalis (Brøndsted, 1934)
Species Clathria orientalis (Brøndsted, 1934) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria originalis (de Laubenfels, 1930) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) originalis (de Laubenfels, 1930)
Species Clathria oroides Schmidt, 1864 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria osismica (Cabioch, 1968) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) osismica (Cabioch, 1968)
Species Clathria oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Isociella) oudekraalensis Samaai & Gibbons, 2005
Species Clathria oxeifera Ferrer-Hernandez, 1921 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria oxeota (van Soest, 1984) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) oxeota (van Soest, 1984)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) oxitoxa Lévi, 1963
Species Clathria oxitoxa Lévi, 1963 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria oxyphila (Hallmann, 1912) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) oxyphila (Hallmann, 1912)
Species Clathria pachyaxia (Lévi, 1960) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) pachyaxia (Lévi, 1960) (unaccepted, subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) pachyaxia (Lévi, 1960)
Species Clathria pachystyla Lévi, 1963 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) pachystyla Lévi, 1963
Species Clathria (Microciona) palmatichela (Topsent, 1928) (unaccepted, reverted genus transfer)
Species Clathria palmatichela (Topsent, 1928) (unaccepted, reverted genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) papillata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria papillosa Thiele, 1905 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) papillosa Thiele, 1905
Species Clathria (Microciona) parthena (de Laubenfels, 1930)
Species Clathria parthena (de Laubenfels, 1930) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria partita Hallmann, 1912 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) partita Hallmann, 1912
Species Clathria (Clathria) parva Lévi, 1963
Species Clathria parva Lévi, 1963 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) parva Lévi, 1963 (unaccepted, subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) patula (Hooper, 1996)
Species Clathria (Axociella) patula Hooper, 1996 (unaccepted, subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria paucispicula (Burton, 1932) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) paucispicula (Burton, 1932)
Species Clathria (Clathria) pauper Brøndsted, 1927
Species Clathria pauper Brøndsted, 1927 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria pellicula Whitelegge, 1897 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) pellicula Whitelegge, 1897
Species Clathria pelligera Schmidt, 1864 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria pennata (Lambe, 1895) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) pennata (Lambe, 1895)
Species Clathria (Clathria) perforata (Lendenfeld, 1887)
Species Clathria perforata (Lendenfeld, 1887) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria phorbasiformis Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) phorbasiformis Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria piniformis (Carter, 1885) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) piniformis (Carter, 1885)
Species Clathria placenta (Lamarck, 1814) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) placenta (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Clathria plinthina (de Laubenfels, 1954) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) plinthina (de Laubenfels, 1954)
Species Clathria (Clathria) plurityla Pulitzer-Finali, 1983
Species Clathria plurityla Pulitzer-Finali, 1983 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria poecilosclera (Sarà & Siribelli, 1960) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) poecilosclera (Sarà & Siribelli, 1960)
Species Clathria (Microciona) polita (Ridley, 1881) (unaccepted, subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria polita (Ridley, 1881) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Cornulotrocha) polita (Ridley, 1881)
Species Clathria primitiva (Koltun, 1955) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) primitiva (Koltun, 1955)
Species Clathria procera (Ridley, 1884) (alternate representation, subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) procera (Ridley, 1884)
Species Clathria productitoxa (Hoshino, 1981) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) productitoxa (Hoshino, 1981)
Species Clathria (Clathria) prolifera (Ellis & Solander, 1786)
Species Clathria prolifera (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria prolifera Burton, 1940 (unaccepted, preoccupied and subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) proxima (Lundbeck, 1910) (unaccepted, reverted genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) pseudonapya (de Laubenfels, 1930)
Species Clathria (Microciona) pugio (Lundbeck, 1910) (unaccepted, reverted genus transfer)
Species Clathria pulcherrima
Species Clathria (Microciona) pustulosa (Carter, 1882) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria pyramida Lendenfeld, 1888 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Dendrocia) pyramida Lendenfeld, 1888
Species Clathria pyramidalis (Brøndsted, 1924) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) pyramidalis (Brøndsted, 1924)
Species Clathria (Microciona) quadriradiata (Carter, 1880) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria quadriradiata (Carter, 1880) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) ramea (Koltun, 1964)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) ramosa (Kieschnick, 1896)
Species Clathria ramosa Lindgren, 1897 (unaccepted, subgenus assignment and junior homonym)
Species Clathria ramosa (Kieschnick, 1896) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) ramsayiensis Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019
Species Clathria (Clathria) ramus Kang & Kim, 2018
Species Clathria (Clathria) raphanus (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Clathria raphanus (Lamarck, 1814) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria raraechelae (van Soest, 1984) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) raraechelae (van Soest, 1984) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria rarispinosa (Hechtel, 1965) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) rarispinosa (Hechtel, 1965)
Species Clathria (Clathria) rectangulosa Schmidt, 1870
Species Clathria rectangulosa Schmidt, 1870 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) reinwardti Vosmaer, 1880
Species Clathria (Thalysias) repens Galindo, Hooper & Pinheiro, 2014
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) reticulata (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Clathria rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) rhaphidotoxa Stephens, 1915
Species Clathria (Microciona) rhopalophora (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Clathria rhopalophora (Hentschel, 1912) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria richmondi Hooper, Kelly & Kennedy, 2000 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) richmondi Hooper, Kelly & Kennedy, 2000
Species Clathria ridleyi (Lindgren, 1897) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) ridleyi (Lindgren, 1897)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) riosae Van Soest, 2017
Species Clathria (Thalysias) robusta (Dendy, 1922)
Species Clathria robusta Koltun, 1959 (unaccepted, subgenus assignment and junior homonym)
Species Clathria rosetafiordica Hajdu, Desqueyroux-Faúndez & Willenz, 2006 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Cornulotrocha) rosetafiordica Hajdu, Desqueyroux-Faúndez & Willenz, 2006
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) rosita Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Species Clathria rubens (Bergquist, 1961) (unaccepted, subgenus assignment and preoccupied)
Species Clathria rubens (Lendenfeld, 1888) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) rubens (Bergquist, 1961) (unaccepted, junior homonym)
Species Clathria (Clathria) rubens (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Clathria (Clathria) rubicunda (Esper, 1794)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) rubispina (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) rubra (Lendenfeld, 1888)
Species Clathria rubra (Lendenfeld, 1888) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria rugosa Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) rugosa Hooper & Lévi, 1993
Species Clathria (Clathriopsamma) rugosa Hooper & Lévi, 1993 (unaccepted)
Species Clathria (Microciona) saoensis Gastaldi, De Paula, Narvarte, Lôbo-Hajdu & Hajdu, 2018
Species Clathria (Clathria) sarai Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria sarai Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria saraspinifera Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) saraspinifera Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Clathria) sartaginula (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Clathria scabida (Carter, 1885) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Dendrocia) scabida (Carter, 1885)
Species Clathria schmitti (de Laubenfels, 1942)
Species Clathria schoenus (de Laubenfels, 1936) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) schoenus (de Laubenfels, 1936) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria scotti Dendy, 1924 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) scotti Dendy, 1924 (unaccepted, subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria (Microciona) scotti (Dendy, 1924)
Species Clathria selachia Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Isociella) selachia Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria seriata (Grant, 1826) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria seriata (sensu Johnston, 1842) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Microciona) seriata (Grant, 1826) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Clathria) shirahama Tanita, 1977
Species Clathria shirahama Tanita, 1977 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria sigmoidea (Cuartas, 1992) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) sigmoidea (Cuartas, 1992)
Species Clathria (Microciona) simae Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria simae Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria similis (Thiele, 1903) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) similis (Thiele, 1903)
Species Clathria (Microciona) simpsoni van Soest, 1984 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria simpsoni Van Soest, 1984 (unaccepted, subgenus assignment and junior synonym)
Species Clathria skia Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Isociella) skia Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Microciona) snelliusae Van Soest, 2017
Species Clathria (Clathria) sohuksanensis Kim & Sim, 2006
Species Clathria sohuksanensis Kim & Sim, 2006 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria spicata Hallmann, 1912 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria spiculosa (Dendy, 1889) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) spiculosa (Dendy, 1889) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria spinarcus (Carter & Hope, 1889) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) spinarcus (Carter & Hope, 1889)
Species Clathria (Microciona) spinatoxa (Hoshino, 1981)
Species Clathria spinatoxa (Hoshio, 1981) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria spinifera Sarà, 1978 (unaccepted, subgenus assignment and preoccupied)
Species Clathria spinifera (Lindgren, 1897) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) spinifera Sarà, 1978 (unaccepted, preoccupied)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) spinifera (Lindgren, 1897)
Species Clathria (Clathria) spinispicula Tanita, 1968
Species Clathria spinispicula Tanita, 1968 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria spinosa (Wilson, 1902) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) spinosa (Wilson, 1902)
Species Clathria (Microciona) spongigartina (Laubenfels, 1930)
Species Clathria spongigartina (Laubenfels, 1930) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria spongiosa Burton, 1959 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria spongodes Dendy, 1922 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) spongodes Dendy, 1922
Species Clathria (Clathria) squalorum Wiedenmayer in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994
Species Clathria squalorum Wiedenmayer in Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria stephensae Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) stephensae Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Microciona) strepsitoxa (Hope, 1889)
Species Clathria strepsitoxa (Hope, 1889) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria striata Whitelegge, 1907 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) striata Whitelegge, 1907
Species Clathria (Clathria) stromnessa Goodwin, Brewin & Brickle, 2012
Species Clathria styloprothesis Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) styloprothesis Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Thalysias) sulfocleistochela Zea, Rodriguez & Martinez, 2014
Species Clathria surculosa (Esper, 1794)
Species Clathria (Microciona) tenebrosa Goodwin, Jones, Neely & Brickle, 2016
Species Clathria (Clathria) tenuifibra Whitelegge, 1901 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria tenuifibra Whitelegge, 1901 (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Microciona) tenuis (Stephens, 1915)
Species Clathria (Microciona) tenuissima (Stephens, 1916)
Species Clathria tenuissima (Stephens, 1916) (alternate representation)
Species Clathria terraenovae Dendy, 1924 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) terraenovae Dendy, 1924
Species Clathria terranova (unaccepted, misspelling of species name)
Species Clathria tetrastyla (Hentschel, 1912) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) tetrastyla (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) thetidis (Hallmann, 1920)
Species Clathria (Microciona) thielei (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Clathria tingens Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) tingens Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Thalysias) topsenti (Thiele, 1899)
Species Clathria topsenti (Thiele, 1899) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria tortuosa Uriz, 1988 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) tortuosa Uriz, 1988
Species Clathria (Microciona) toxifera (Topsent, 1913) (unaccepted, preoccupied)
Species Clathria toxifera (Hentschel, 1912) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) toxifera (Hentschel, 1912)
Species Clathria toximajor Topsent, 1925 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) toximajor Topsent, 1925
Species Clathria (Clathria) toxipraedita Topsent, 1913
Species Clathria toxipraedita Topsent, 1913 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria toxirecta (Sarà & Siribelli, 1960) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) toxirecta (Sarà & Siribelli, 1960)
Species Clathria (Clathria) toxistricta Topsent, 1925
Species Clathria toxistricta Topsent, 1925 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria toxistyla (Sarà, 1959) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) toxistyla (Sarà, 1959)
Species Clathria (Microciona) toxitenuis Topsent, 1925
Species Clathria toxitenuis Topsent, 1925 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria toxitenuis (Bergquist & Fromont, 1988) (unaccepted, subgenus assignment and preoccupied)
Species Clathria (Axosuberites) toxitenuis Bergquist & Fromont, 1988 (unaccepted, junior homonym)
Species Clathria toxivaria (Sarà, 1959) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) toxivaria (Sarà, 1959) (unaccepted, subgenus transfer)
Species Clathria (Clathria) toxivaria (Sarà, 1959)
Species Clathria (Microciona) trairae Santos & Pinheiro, 2014
Species Clathria (Clathria) transiens Hallmann, 1912
Species Clathria transiens Hallmann, 1912 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria translata (Pulitzer-Finali, 1978) (unaccepted, unjustified genus transfer)
Species Clathria tricurvatifera (Carter, 1876) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) tricurvatifera (Carter, 1876) (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Dendrocia) tuberculata (Burton, 1934)
Species Clathria (Microciona) tuberculata (Burton, 1934) (unaccepted, genus transfer & junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Wilsonella) tuberosa (Bowerbank, 1875)
Species Clathria (Microciona) tumulosa (Bowerbank, 1882) (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Microciona) tunisiae Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria tunisiae Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria typica (Carter, 1881) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria typica sensu Kirkpatrick, 1903 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) typica sensu Kirkpatrick, 1903
Species Clathria (Thalysias) typica (Lendenfeld, 1888) (unaccepted, junior synonym)
Species Clathria (Clathria) ulmus Vosmaer, 1880
Species Clathria ulmus Vosmaer, 1880 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria unica Cuartas, 1992 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) unica Cuartas, 1992
Species Clathria (Microciona) urizae Hooper, 1996 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria urizae Hooper, 1996 (unaccepted, genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) vacata Van Soest, Beglinger & De Voogd, 2013
Species Clathria vacelettia Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Microciona) vacelettia Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria (Clathria) vasiformis (de Laubenfels, 1953)
Species Clathria vasiformis (de Laubenfels, 1953) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria venosa (Alcolado, 1984) (alternate representation, genus transfer)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) venosa (Alcolado, 1984)
Species Clathria vicina Lévi, 1960 (unaccepted, genus transfer and junior synonym)
Species Clathria vicina Topsent, 1920
Species Clathria virgultosa (Lamarck, 1814) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) virgultosa (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) vulpina (Lamarck, 1814)
Species Clathria vulpina (Lamarck, 1814) (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria wesselensis Hooper, 1996 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) wesselensis Hooper, 1996
Species Clathria whiteleggii Dendy, 1922 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) whiteleggii Dendy, 1922
Species Clathria (Clathria) wilsoni Wiedenmayer, 1989
Species Clathria wilsoni Wiedenmayer, 1989 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Thalysias) zeai Van Soest, 2017
Species Clathria zoanthifera Lévi, 1963 (alternate representation, subgenus assignment)
Species Clathria (Clathria) zoanthifera Lévi, 1963
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 57-58 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2019). World Porifera Database. Clathria Schmidt, 1862. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=131868 on 2019-09-19
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-07-26 12:02:34Z
changed
2008-10-07 17:53:51Z
changed
2008-11-09 12:33:14Z
changed
2017-01-16 11:19:12Z
changed

original description Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 57-58 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Hooper, J.N.A. (2002). Family Microcionidae Carter, 1875. pp. 432-468. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (eds.) Systema Porifera. Guide to the classification of sponges. Volume 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow).  [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record Lévi, C. (1960). Les démosponges des côtes de France: 1. Les Clathriidae [The Demospongiae of the French coasts: 1. The Clathriidae. <em>Cahiers de Biologie Marine.</em> 1 (1): 47-87. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 50-51 & 61 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Kelly, M.; Edwards, A.R.; Wilkinson, M.R.; Alvarez, B.; Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R.; Buckeridge, St J.; Campbell, H.J.; Reiswig, H.M.; Valentine, C.; Vacelet, J. (2009). Phylum Porifera: sponges. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 23-46. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Microcioninae with auxiliary styles in one or two categories forming various ectosomal structures ranging from membraneous paratangential to a dense erect palisade of brushes; choanosomal skeleton well- structured,hymedesmioid to reticulate, with mostly smooth styles enclosed within spongin fibres and fibres echinated by mostly acanthose smaller styles. [details]
 



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