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Porifera taxon details

Axinella minuta Lévi, 1957

132485  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132485)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Lévi, C. (1957). Spongiaires des côtes d'Israel. <em>Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel.</em> 6 B(3-4): 201-212.
page(s): 205; fig 4 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Type locality contained in Levantine Sea  
type locality contained in Levantine Sea [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020:46) explanation for the status of Axinella minuta as replacement name for Axinella...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020:46) explanation for the status of Axinella minuta as replacement name for Axinella pumila Babić, 1922.
Removal of homonymy between Higginsia pumila (Keller, 1889) and Axinella pumila Babić, 1922.
1. Axinella pumila Keller, 1889: 397 (type locality Red Sea). The original combination has been reassigned to Higginsia pumila (Keller, 1889) by Hooper (1991:724), and considered accepted in the World Porifera Database (ICZN Art. 57.2).
2. Axinella pumila Babić, 1922: 241 (type locality Croatian waters, Adriatic). The name of this Axinella species must be replaced regardless of the fact that the senior homonym is now a Higginsia. A problem is that the Babić material has been destroyed (cf. Boros 1957), which precluded Van Soest et al. from verifying the true identity. The species name was used by e.g. Uriz (1982:64) and Boury-Esnault et al. (1994:91). These authors state that Axinella minuta Lévi, 1957:205 from the Mediterranean coast of Israel is a junior synonym, so if that is accepted then that name is the first junior synonym that can be used for A. pumila. No new name is then necessary and the type of A. minuta Lévi 1957 is then to be nominated the (neo)type of A. pumila Babić, as both are assumed to be the same species. However, styles of pumila are smaller and thinner than those of minuta (285-935 x 8-16 μm vs up to 1200 μm, respectively), oxeas are longer, but not very specific in the descriptions, so conspecificity is uncertain. Boury-Esnault et al. (1994) suggest they are separate species, but that the Axinella minuta described by Pulitzer-Finali (1983) are more like A. pumila. This indicated that the alleged differences between the two are apparently so small and subtle, that even for specialist observers it is debatable whether maintaining two separate species for these small Axinella forms is realistic (without molecular data support). Van Soest et al. (2020) assigned Axinella minuta to the synonymy of A. pumila Babić and establish that the former is the oldest junior synonym, to be used to replace the latter in order to remove the homonymy (ICZN Art. 60.2).
3. Summary: Higginsia pumila (Keller, 1889) is to be maintained as the senior primary name (ICZN Art. 57.2). Axinella pumila Babić, 1922 is a junior primary homonym and needed to be replaced. To remove the homonymy, the oldest synonym, Axinella minuta Lévi, 1957 was proposed to replace it (ICZN Art. 60.2).  [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2019). World Porifera Database. Axinella minuta Lévi, 1957. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=132485 on 2020-12-04
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2007-08-10 14:08:54Z
changed

original description Lévi, C. (1957). Spongiaires des côtes d'Israel. <em>Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel.</em> 6 B(3-4): 201-212.
page(s): 205; fig 4 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922) Babiç, K. (1922). Monactinellida und Tetractinellida des Adriatischen Meeres. <em>Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere.</em> 46(2): 217-302, pls 8-9.
page(s): 241-242; fig R [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source  (of Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922) Sitjà, C.; Maldonado, M. (2014). New and rare sponges from the deep shelf of the Alboran Island (Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3760: 141–179.
page(s): 156 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Pulitzer-Finali, G. (1983). A collection of Mediterranean Demospongiae (Porifera) with, in appendix, a list of the Demospongiae hitherto recorded from the Mediterranean Sea. <em>Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria.</em> 84: 445-621.
page(s): 517 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Vacelet, J. (1961). Spongiaires (Démosponges) de la région de Bonifacio (Corse). <em>Recueil des Travaux de la Station marine d'Endoume.</em> 22 (36): 21-45.
page(s): 34-35 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Sitjà, C.; Maldonado, M. (2014). New and rare sponges from the deep shelf of the Alboran Island (Alboran Sea, Western Mediterranean). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3760: 141–179.
page(s): 156 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922) Boury-Esnault, N.; Pansini, M.; Uriz, M.J. (1994). Spongiaires bathyaux de la mer d'Alboran et du golfe ibéro-marocain. <em>Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle.</em> 160: 1-174., available online at http://bibliotheques.mnhn.fr/EXPLOITATION/infodoc/ged/viewportalpublished.ashx?eid=IFD_FICJOINT_MNHN_MMNHN_S000_1994_T160_N000_1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922) Uriz, M.J. (1982). Estudio sistemático de las esponjas del orden Axinellida (Demospongia) de la Costa Brava (Cataluña). <em>Actas II Simposio ibérico de estudios del Bentos Marino.</em> 2 (3): 57-80.
page(s): 64-67 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922) Carballo, J.L.; Garcia-Gómez, J.C. (1995). <i>Axinella estacioi</i> n.sp. (Porifera, Axinellida) from caves of the Strait of Gibraltar (southern Iberian Peninsula). <em>Cahiers de Biologie Marine.</em> 36 (4): 245-250. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922) Cruz, T. (2002). Esponjas marinas de Canarias. <em>Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias.</em> S/C Tenerife. 260 pp. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922) D'Onghia, G.; Capezzuto, F.; Cardone, F.; Carlucci, R.; Carluccio, A.; Chimienti, G.; Corriero, G.; Longo, C.; Maiorano, P.; Mastrototaro, F.; Panetta, P.; Rosso, A.; Sanfilippo, R.; Sion, L.; Tursi, A. (2015). Macro- and megafauna recorded in the submarine Bari Canyon (southern Adriatic, Mediterranean Sea) using different tools. <em>Mediterranean Marine Science.</em> 16(1): 180-196., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.1082
page(s): 184 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (of Axinella pumila Babiç, 1922) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 46 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020:46) explanation for the status of Axinella minuta as replacement name for Axinella pumila Babić, 1922.
Removal of homonymy between Higginsia pumila (Keller, 1889) and Axinella pumila Babić, 1922.
1. Axinella pumila Keller, 1889: 397 (type locality Red Sea). The original combination has been reassigned to Higginsia pumila (Keller, 1889) by Hooper (1991:724), and considered accepted in the World Porifera Database (ICZN Art. 57.2).
2. Axinella pumila Babić, 1922: 241 (type locality Croatian waters, Adriatic). The name of this Axinella species must be replaced regardless of the fact that the senior homonym is now a Higginsia. A problem is that the Babić material has been destroyed (cf. Boros 1957), which precluded Van Soest et al. from verifying the true identity. The species name was used by e.g. Uriz (1982:64) and Boury-Esnault et al. (1994:91). These authors state that Axinella minuta Lévi, 1957:205 from the Mediterranean coast of Israel is a junior synonym, so if that is accepted then that name is the first junior synonym that can be used for A. pumila. No new name is then necessary and the type of A. minuta Lévi 1957 is then to be nominated the (neo)type of A. pumila Babić, as both are assumed to be the same species. However, styles of pumila are smaller and thinner than those of minuta (285-935 x 8-16 μm vs up to 1200 μm, respectively), oxeas are longer, but not very specific in the descriptions, so conspecificity is uncertain. Boury-Esnault et al. (1994) suggest they are separate species, but that the Axinella minuta described by Pulitzer-Finali (1983) are more like A. pumila. This indicated that the alleged differences between the two are apparently so small and subtle, that even for specialist observers it is debatable whether maintaining two separate species for these small Axinella forms is realistic (without molecular data support). Van Soest et al. (2020) assigned Axinella minuta to the synonymy of A. pumila Babić and establish that the former is the oldest junior synonym, to be used to replace the latter in order to remove the homonymy (ICZN Art. 60.2).
3. Summary: Higginsia pumila (Keller, 1889) is to be maintained as the senior primary name (ICZN Art. 57.2). Axinella pumila Babić, 1922 is a junior primary homonym and needed to be replaced. To remove the homonymy, the oldest synonym, Axinella minuta Lévi, 1957 was proposed to replace it (ICZN Art. 60.2).  [details]

From other sources
Holotype MNHN [details]


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