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Porifera taxon details

Protosuberites stephensae Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1424105  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1424105)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 35 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Laxosuberites incrustans sensu Stephens, 1915) Stephens, J. (1915). Sponges of the Coasts of Ireland. I.- The Triaxonia and part of the Tetraxonida. <em>Fisheries, Ireland Scientific Investigations.</em> 1914(4): 1-43, pls I-V.
page(s): 36-37 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Type locality contained in Celtic Seas  
type locality contained in Celtic Seas [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 35) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Protosuberites...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 35) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Protosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885), Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891, Pseudosuberites incrustans (Brøndsted, 1924) and Protosuberites incrustans (Stephens, 1915).
1. Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885: 10 (type locality Norwegian Sea, off Norway). Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885 is potentially a senior primary homonym of Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891 and Suberites incrustans Brøndsted, 1924, but it is not a real Suberites. It was initially referred to Laxosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885) (Van Soest 2001: 73). This was subsequently referred to Protosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885) on account of the type species of Laxosuberites Topsent, 1896, Suberites rugosus Schmidt, 1868, belonging to Hymeniacidon Bowerbank, 1858 as H. rugosa (Schmidt, 1868) (type by original designation) (cf. Van Soest 2002: 235). The combination Protosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885) is currently accepted (WPD 2019).
2. Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891: 318 (type locality Assab Bay, Eritrea). Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891 was a junior primary homonym of Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885, but was removed from homonymy by Burton (1930) as a valid species of Suberites, who renamed it Suberites kelleri nom.nov. (Burton 1930: 536). No further action required.
3. Suberites incrustans Brøndsted, 1924: 162 (type locality Campbell Island, New Zealand). Originally described as Suberites incrustans Brøndsted, 1924, and a junior primary homonym of Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885 and Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891, it was removed from homonymy by Burton (1930: 536) as he renamed it Suberites brondstedi Burton, 1930, but which Bergquist (1968: 24) subsequently synonymised with Pseudosuberites sulcatus (Thiele, 1905). No further action required.
4. Laxosuberites incrustans Stephens, 1915: 36 (type locality of the West coast of Ireland, Celtic Seas). This species is a junior secondary homonym of Laxosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885) = Protosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885)]. One solution would be to synonymise Stephens’ taxon with that of Hansen’s species as Protosuberites on the assumption that they are similar, and possibly the same, but this remains equivocal. Another solution would be to compare Stephens’ species with Topsent’s (1904) deepwater species of Suberites (gibbosiceps,
laticeps
etc.), requiring a careful comparison of respective collections. The third most parsimonious solution is to consider the taxa separate species, and therefore rename the junior homonym. The latter solution was chosen based on the probability that the two taxa being conspecific is remote given their highly disjunct distributions, requiring a
new name for Stephens’ (1915) species (ICZN Art. 59.1).
5. Summary: Protosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885) is to be maintained as the senior primary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.2), of Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891, Suberites incrustans Brøndsted, 1924, and senior secondary homonym of Laxosuberites incrustans Stephens, 1915. Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891 as junior primary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.2) was removed from homonymy with
Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885 by Burton (1930) who renamed it Suberites kelleri Burton, 1930: 536, with no further action required. Pseudosuberites incrustans (Brøndsted, 1924) was renamed as Suberites brondstedi Burton, 1930 to avoid junior homonymy with Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885, but was reassigned as a synonym of Pseudosuberites sulcatus (Thiele, 1905) by Bergquist (1968), with no further action required. Protosuberites incrustans (Stephens, 1915) was a re [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Protosuberites stephensae Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=1424105 on 2020-09-24
Date
action
by
2020-03-04 09:39:51Z
created

original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 35 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Laxosuberites incrustans sensu Stephens, 1915) Stephens, J. (1915). Sponges of the Coasts of Ireland. I.- The Triaxonia and part of the Tetraxonida. <em>Fisheries, Ireland Scientific Investigations.</em> 1914(4): 1-43, pls I-V.
page(s): 36-37 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Laxosuberites incrustans sensu Stephens, 1915) Stephens, J. (1917). Report on the sponges collected off the coasts of Ireland by the dredging expeditions of the Royal Irish Academy and the Royal Dublin Society. <em>Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy.</em> 34 (B): 1-16.
page(s): 4-5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Laxosuberites incrustans sensu Stephens, 1915) Alander, H. (1942). Sponges from the Swedish west-coast and adjacent waters. <em>Ph.D. Thesis. (University of Lund, H. Struves: Gøteborg).</em> Pp. 1-95, 15 pls.
page(s): 77 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 35) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Protosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885), Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891, Pseudosuberites incrustans (Brøndsted, 1924) and Protosuberites incrustans (Stephens, 1915).
1. Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885: 10 (type locality Norwegian Sea, off Norway). Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885 is potentially a senior primary homonym of Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891 and Suberites incrustans Brøndsted, 1924, but it is not a real Suberites. It was initially referred to Laxosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885) (Van Soest 2001: 73). This was subsequently referred to Protosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885) on account of the type species of Laxosuberites Topsent, 1896, Suberites rugosus Schmidt, 1868, belonging to Hymeniacidon Bowerbank, 1858 as H. rugosa (Schmidt, 1868) (type by original designation) (cf. Van Soest 2002: 235). The combination Protosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885) is currently accepted (WPD 2019).
2. Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891: 318 (type locality Assab Bay, Eritrea). Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891 was a junior primary homonym of Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885, but was removed from homonymy by Burton (1930) as a valid species of Suberites, who renamed it Suberites kelleri nom.nov. (Burton 1930: 536). No further action required.
3. Suberites incrustans Brøndsted, 1924: 162 (type locality Campbell Island, New Zealand). Originally described as Suberites incrustans Brøndsted, 1924, and a junior primary homonym of Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885 and Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891, it was removed from homonymy by Burton (1930: 536) as he renamed it Suberites brondstedi Burton, 1930, but which Bergquist (1968: 24) subsequently synonymised with Pseudosuberites sulcatus (Thiele, 1905). No further action required.
4. Laxosuberites incrustans Stephens, 1915: 36 (type locality of the West coast of Ireland, Celtic Seas). This species is a junior secondary homonym of Laxosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885) = Protosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885)]. One solution would be to synonymise Stephens’ taxon with that of Hansen’s species as Protosuberites on the assumption that they are similar, and possibly the same, but this remains equivocal. Another solution would be to compare Stephens’ species with Topsent’s (1904) deepwater species of Suberites (gibbosiceps,
laticeps
etc.), requiring a careful comparison of respective collections. The third most parsimonious solution is to consider the taxa separate species, and therefore rename the junior homonym. The latter solution was chosen based on the probability that the two taxa being conspecific is remote given their highly disjunct distributions, requiring a
new name for Stephens’ (1915) species (ICZN Art. 59.1).
5. Summary: Protosuberites incrustans (Hansen, 1885) is to be maintained as the senior primary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.2), of Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891, Suberites incrustans Brøndsted, 1924, and senior secondary homonym of Laxosuberites incrustans Stephens, 1915. Suberites incrustans Keller, 1891 as junior primary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.2) was removed from homonymy with
Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885 by Burton (1930) who renamed it Suberites kelleri Burton, 1930: 536, with no further action required. Pseudosuberites incrustans (Brøndsted, 1924) was renamed as Suberites brondstedi Burton, 1930 to avoid junior homonymy with Suberites incrustans Hansen, 1885, but was reassigned as a synonym of Pseudosuberites sulcatus (Thiele, 1905) by Bergquist (1968), with no further action required. Protosuberites incrustans (Stephens, 1915) was a re [details]


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