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Porifera taxon details

Haliclona (Gellius) jeancharcoti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1424327  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1424327)

accepted
Species
Adocia tenellus (Topsent, 1916) (genus transfer and preoccupied)
Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916 (genus transfer and preoccupied)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 57 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916) Topsent, E. (1916). Diagnoses d'éponges recueillies dans l'Antarctique par le Pourquoi-Pas?. <em>Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.</em> (1) 22(3): 163-172.
page(s): 171 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(of Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916) Topsent, E. (1917). Spongiaires. Pp. 1-88, pls 1-6. <em>In: Joubin, L. (Ed.), Deuxième Expédition Antarctique Française (1908-1910) Commandée par le Dr. Jean Charcot.</em> Sciences Physiques: Documents Scientifiques (Paris). 4. (Masson & Cie: Paris).
page(s): 80-81 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Holotype  (of Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916) MNHN DT...  
Holotype (of Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916) MNHN DT 698, geounit Antarctic Peninsula [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 57) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona tenella...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 57) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona tenella (Von Lendenfeld, 1887) and Haliclona tenella (Topsent, 1916).
1. Chalinopora tenella Von Lendenfeld, 1887: 765 (type locality Port Jackson, Eastern Australia). The genus Chalinopora Von Lendenfeld, 1887: 740 was assigned to the synonymy of Callyspongia Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 by Wiedenmayer (1989: 104), but the species C. tenella was considered to be a member of the genus Pachychalina Schmidt, 1868: 8 by Dendy (1895: 242), of Cladochalina Schmidt, 1870: 35 (with question mark) by Burton (1927: 294-295), and considered Chalinidae incertae sedis by Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 121). Reading the various descriptions and comments, we concur with Hooper & Wiedenmayer, that the species is not a member of Callyspongiidae but rather of Chalinidae on account of its soft consistency and lax skeleton. Elaborately massive, size 12 x 8 cm, and oxeas of 120 x 4 μm in length, as cited for the type, are indicative of the genus Haliclona Grant, 1841 (as was already acknowledged in the World Porifera Database). Accordingly, Von Lendenfeld’s species was reassigned to Haliclona tenella. This reassignment created a case of homonymy with Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916 (ICZN Art. 57.3), as Gellius Gray, 1867 is a subgenus of Haliclona.
2. Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916: 171 (type locality off Petermann Island, Antarctic Peninsula). Burton (1932: 276) transferred Topsent’s species to the genus Adocia Gray, 1867: 522 as Adocia tenellus. Both the genera Gellius Gray, 1867: 538 and Adocia are junior synonyms of Haliclona Grant, 1841 (cf. De Weerdt 2000: 9), and Gellius is currently recognized as a subgenus, Haliclona (Gellius). Most species described originally as Gellius, including G. tenellus, were transferred to Haliclona (Gellius), thus Topsent’s species was currently named Haliclona (Gellius) tenella. This is a junior secondary synonym of Von Lendenfeld’s Haliclona tenella and accordingly a new name was warranted (ICZN Art. 60.3).
3. Summary: Haliclona tenella (Von Lendenfeld, 1887) as a senior secondary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.3). Haliclona (Gellius) tenella (Topsent, 1916) is a junior secondary homomym, which needed to be renamed (ICZN
Art. 60.3). To remove the homonymy Haliclona (Gellius) jeancharcoti nom. nov.was proposed, named after the Commander of the 2nd French Antarctic Expedition 1908-1910. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Haliclona (Gellius) jeancharcoti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=1424327 on 2020-11-25
Date
action
by
2020-03-08 13:22:15Z
created

original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 57 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916) Topsent, E. (1916). Diagnoses d'éponges recueillies dans l'Antarctique par le Pourquoi-Pas?. <em>Bulletin du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.</em> (1) 22(3): 163-172.
page(s): 171 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916) Topsent, E. (1917). Spongiaires. Pp. 1-88, pls 1-6. <em>In: Joubin, L. (Ed.), Deuxième Expédition Antarctique Française (1908-1910) Commandée par le Dr. Jean Charcot.</em> Sciences Physiques: Documents Scientifiques (Paris). 4. (Masson & Cie: Paris).
page(s): 80-81 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Adocia tenellus (Topsent, 1916)) Burton, M. (1934). Sponges. Pp. 1-58, pls I-VIII. <em>In: Further Zoological Results of the Swedish Antarctic Expedition 1901-03 under the Direction of Dr. Otto Nordenskjöld.</em> 3 (2). (Norstedt & Söner: Stockholm).
page(s): 13-14 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Adocia tenellus (Topsent, 1916)) Burton, M. (1938). Non-Calcareous sponges. <em>Scientific Reports of the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914 (C. Zoology and Botany).</em> 9 (3): 5-22.
page(s): 8 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Adocia tenellus (Topsent, 1916)) Desqueyroux, R. (1975). Esponjas (Porifera) de la region antartica chilena. <em>Cahiers de Biologie Marine.</em> 16 (1): 47-82.
page(s): 72 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Adocia tenellus (Topsent, 1916)) Koltun, V.M. (1964). Sponges of the Antarctic. 1 Tetraxonida and Cornacuspongida. Pp. 6-133, 443-448. <em>In: Pavlovskii, E.P., Andriyashev,A.P. & Ushakov, P.V. (Eds), Biological Reports of the Soviet Antarctic Expedition (1955-1958).</em> Akademya Nauk SSSR [English translation,1966, Israel Program for Scientific Translation].
page(s): 103; note: Taxonomic remarks only; no specimen collected [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Adocia tenellus (Topsent, 1916)) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 57 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (of Adocia tenellus (Topsent, 1916)) Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. <i>Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review</i>. 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]   

new combination reference  (of Adocia tenellus (Topsent, 1916)) Burton, M. (1932). Sponges. <em>Discovery Reports.</em> 6: 237-392, pls 48-57.
page(s): 276 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (of Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 57 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (of Haliclona (Gellius) tenella (Topsent, 1916)) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 57 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype (of Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916) MNHN DT 698, geounit Antarctic Peninsula [details]
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 57) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona tenella (Von Lendenfeld, 1887) and Haliclona tenella (Topsent, 1916).
1. Chalinopora tenella Von Lendenfeld, 1887: 765 (type locality Port Jackson, Eastern Australia). The genus Chalinopora Von Lendenfeld, 1887: 740 was assigned to the synonymy of Callyspongia Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864 by Wiedenmayer (1989: 104), but the species C. tenella was considered to be a member of the genus Pachychalina Schmidt, 1868: 8 by Dendy (1895: 242), of Cladochalina Schmidt, 1870: 35 (with question mark) by Burton (1927: 294-295), and considered Chalinidae incertae sedis by Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 121). Reading the various descriptions and comments, we concur with Hooper & Wiedenmayer, that the species is not a member of Callyspongiidae but rather of Chalinidae on account of its soft consistency and lax skeleton. Elaborately massive, size 12 x 8 cm, and oxeas of 120 x 4 μm in length, as cited for the type, are indicative of the genus Haliclona Grant, 1841 (as was already acknowledged in the World Porifera Database). Accordingly, Von Lendenfeld’s species was reassigned to Haliclona tenella. This reassignment created a case of homonymy with Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916 (ICZN Art. 57.3), as Gellius Gray, 1867 is a subgenus of Haliclona.
2. Gellius tenellus Topsent, 1916: 171 (type locality off Petermann Island, Antarctic Peninsula). Burton (1932: 276) transferred Topsent’s species to the genus Adocia Gray, 1867: 522 as Adocia tenellus. Both the genera Gellius Gray, 1867: 538 and Adocia are junior synonyms of Haliclona Grant, 1841 (cf. De Weerdt 2000: 9), and Gellius is currently recognized as a subgenus, Haliclona (Gellius). Most species described originally as Gellius, including G. tenellus, were transferred to Haliclona (Gellius), thus Topsent’s species was currently named Haliclona (Gellius) tenella. This is a junior secondary synonym of Von Lendenfeld’s Haliclona tenella and accordingly a new name was warranted (ICZN Art. 60.3).
3. Summary: Haliclona tenella (Von Lendenfeld, 1887) as a senior secondary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.3). Haliclona (Gellius) tenella (Topsent, 1916) is a junior secondary homomym, which needed to be renamed (ICZN
Art. 60.3). To remove the homonymy Haliclona (Gellius) jeancharcoti nom. nov.was proposed, named after the Commander of the 2nd French Antarctic Expedition 1908-1910. [details]


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