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Porifera taxon details

Haliclona (Haliclona) michelei Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1424379  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1424379)

accepted
Species
Adocia varia Sarà, 1958 (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 64 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Adocia varia Sarà, 1958) Sarà, M. (1958). Studio sui Poriferi di una grotta di marea del Golfo di Napoli. <em>Archivo Zoologico Italiano.</em> 43: 203-281, pls I-II.
page(s): 267-270; fig 26a-c pl II G [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Type locality contained in Western Mediterranean  
type locality contained in Western Mediterranean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 63-64) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 63-64) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona (Gellius) varia (Bowerbank, 1875), Haliclona (Gellius) varia sensu Lundbeck, 1909 and Haliclona (Halichoclona) varia (Sarà, 1958).
1. Halichondria varia Bowerbank, 1875: 292 (type locality Malacca, Southeast Asia). This species is doubtless a Haliclona Grant, 1841: 5, although no recent redescriptions have been published under that name. Ridley (1884: 424, North Australia), Ridley & Dendy (1887: 38, Philippines) and Kirkpatrick (1900: 128, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean) assigned it to the genus Gellius Gray, 1867: 522, now recognized as a subgenus of Haliclona. It is the senior secondary homonym of two other varia species (ICZN Art. 57.3 & 57.4).
2. Gellius varius sensu Lundbeck, 1909: 433 (type locality Cape Tobin, East Greenland). The combination Halichondria varia has also been reported as Gellius varius from the Arctic by Lundbeck (1909: 433). Koltun (1959: 214) thought it to be unlikely to be the same species as the tropical shallow-water type material and ‘illegally’ conferred authorship of the Arctic specimens to Lundbeck (1909: 433), which in fact created a junior homonym. Koltun (l.c.) also named Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916: 12 as a junior synonym of Gellius varius, providing the opportunity to remove the homonymy with Bowerbank’s species. However, Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916 is also a junior secondary homonym of Reniera arctica Fristedt, 1887: 421 (q.v.). The proposed new name, Haliclona ernsti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 for Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916, as junior synonym of Gellius varius sensu Lundbeck, 1909 also removed the homonymy between Haliclona (Gellius) varia (Bowerbank, 1875) and Koltun’s (1959) Haliclona (Gellius) varia sensu Lundbeck, 1909.
3. Adocia varia Sarà, 1958: 267 (type locality Gulf of Naples, Mediterranean). The genus Adocia Gray, 1867: 522 is a junior synonym of Haliclona Grant, 1841: 5. Adocia varia has been reassigned to the subgenus Haliclona (Haliclona) by De Weerdt (2000: 6). The species has oxeas approximately half the length of those of Haliclona (Gellius) varia Bowerbank and lacks sigmas. As a junior homonym it needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3).
4. Summary: Haliclona (Gellius) varia (Bowerbank, 1875) is to be maintained as senior secondary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.3 & 57.4). Haliclona (Gellius) varia (sensu Lundbeck, 1909) is a junior secondary homonym, which was removed by assigning it to the synonymy of Haliclona ernsti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020.
Haliclona (Haliclona) varia (Sarà, 1958) is a junior secondary homonym and required a new name, for which Haliclona (Haliclona) michelei nom. nov. was proposed, named after Michele Sarà (ICZN Art. 60.3). [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Haliclona (Haliclona) michelei Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=1424379 on 2020-11-27
Date
action
by
2020-03-09 13:29:20Z
created

original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 64 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Adocia varia Sarà, 1958) Sarà, M. (1958). Studio sui Poriferi di una grotta di marea del Golfo di Napoli. <em>Archivo Zoologico Italiano.</em> 43: 203-281, pls I-II.
page(s): 267-270; fig 26a-c pl II G [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Adocia varia Sarà, 1958) de Weerdt, W.H. (1987). The shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae) of the north east Atlantic Ocean: taxonomy, phylogeny and historical biogeography. PhD Thesis. Universiteit van Amsterdam: Amsterdam, Netherlands. 243 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (of Adocia varia Sarà, 1958) Labate, M. (1964). Poriferi di grotta superficiale del litorale adriatico pugliese. <em>Annali del Pontificio Istituto Scienze e Lettere S. Chiara, Napoli.</em> 14, 319-342.
page(s): 336; fig 8A [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Adocia varia Sarà, 1958) Sarà, M. (1960). Poriferi del litorale dell'isola d'lschia e loro ripartizioneper ambienti. <em>Pubblicazioni della Stazione zoologica di Napoli.</em> 31(3):421-472, pls XII-XIII.
page(s): 462 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Adocia varia Sarà, 1958) Sarà, M. (1961). La fauna di Poriferi delle grotte delle isole Tremiti. Studio ecologico e sistematico. <em>Archivio zoologico italiano.</em> 46: 1-59,pls I-II.
page(s): 48-49 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Adocia varia Sarà, 1958) Griessinger, J. M. (1971). Etude des Réniérides de Méditerranée (Démosponges Haplosclérides). <em>Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Zoologie).</em> 3(3): 97-182.
page(s): 159; fig 12b; pl II fig 4 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

new combination reference  (of Adocia varia Sarà, 1958) Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 63-64 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 63-64) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona (Gellius) varia (Bowerbank, 1875), Haliclona (Gellius) varia sensu Lundbeck, 1909 and Haliclona (Halichoclona) varia (Sarà, 1958).
1. Halichondria varia Bowerbank, 1875: 292 (type locality Malacca, Southeast Asia). This species is doubtless a Haliclona Grant, 1841: 5, although no recent redescriptions have been published under that name. Ridley (1884: 424, North Australia), Ridley & Dendy (1887: 38, Philippines) and Kirkpatrick (1900: 128, Christmas Island, Indian Ocean) assigned it to the genus Gellius Gray, 1867: 522, now recognized as a subgenus of Haliclona. It is the senior secondary homonym of two other varia species (ICZN Art. 57.3 & 57.4).
2. Gellius varius sensu Lundbeck, 1909: 433 (type locality Cape Tobin, East Greenland). The combination Halichondria varia has also been reported as Gellius varius from the Arctic by Lundbeck (1909: 433). Koltun (1959: 214) thought it to be unlikely to be the same species as the tropical shallow-water type material and ‘illegally’ conferred authorship of the Arctic specimens to Lundbeck (1909: 433), which in fact created a junior homonym. Koltun (l.c.) also named Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916: 12 as a junior synonym of Gellius varius, providing the opportunity to remove the homonymy with Bowerbank’s species. However, Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916 is also a junior secondary homonym of Reniera arctica Fristedt, 1887: 421 (q.v.). The proposed new name, Haliclona ernsti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 for Gellius arcticus Hentschel, 1916, as junior synonym of Gellius varius sensu Lundbeck, 1909 also removed the homonymy between Haliclona (Gellius) varia (Bowerbank, 1875) and Koltun’s (1959) Haliclona (Gellius) varia sensu Lundbeck, 1909.
3. Adocia varia Sarà, 1958: 267 (type locality Gulf of Naples, Mediterranean). The genus Adocia Gray, 1867: 522 is a junior synonym of Haliclona Grant, 1841: 5. Adocia varia has been reassigned to the subgenus Haliclona (Haliclona) by De Weerdt (2000: 6). The species has oxeas approximately half the length of those of Haliclona (Gellius) varia Bowerbank and lacks sigmas. As a junior homonym it needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3).
4. Summary: Haliclona (Gellius) varia (Bowerbank, 1875) is to be maintained as senior secondary homonym (ICZN Art. 57.3 & 57.4). Haliclona (Gellius) varia (sensu Lundbeck, 1909) is a junior secondary homonym, which was removed by assigning it to the synonymy of Haliclona ernsti Van Soest & Hooper, 2020.
Haliclona (Haliclona) varia (Sarà, 1958) is a junior secondary homonym and required a new name, for which Haliclona (Haliclona) michelei nom. nov. was proposed, named after Michele Sarà (ICZN Art. 60.3). [details]


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