Intro 
Species 
Specimens 
Distribution 
Checklist 
Sources 
Log in 

Porifera taxon details

Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759

165220  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:165220)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
(of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Linnaeus, C. (1759). Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus II. Editio decima, reformata. - pp. [1-4], 825-1384. Holmiæ. (L. Salvii). [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2019). World Porifera Database. Spongia (Spongia) officinalis Linnaeus, 1759. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=165220 on 2019-09-22
Date
action
by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z
created
db_admin
2010-05-19 10:23:56Z
changed
2016-03-20 13:13:14Z
changed

original description  (of Spongia adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 20-22; pl II fig 1 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Linnaeus, C. (1759). Systema naturæ per regna tria naturæ, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Tomus II. Editio decima, reformata. - pp. [1-4], 825-1384. Holmiæ. (L. Salvii). [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Spongia quarnerensis Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1862). Die Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): i-viii, 1-88, pls 1-7.
page(s): 22-23; pl II fig 2 & pl III fig 1 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Spongia officinalis mediterranea Hyatt, 1877) Hyatt, A. (1877). Revision of the North American Poriferae; with Remarks upon Foreign Species. Part II. <em>Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History.</em> 2: 481-554, pls XV-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Spongia officinalis mediterranea var. tubuliformis Hyatt, 1877) Hyatt, A. (1877). Revision of the North American Poriferae; with Remarks upon Foreign Species. Part II. <em>Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History.</em> 2: 481-554, pls XV-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Spongia officinalis mediterranea var. zimocciformis Hyatt, 1877) Hyatt, A. (1877). Revision of the North American Poriferae; with Remarks upon Foreign Species. Part II. <em>Memoirs of the Boston Society of Natural History.</em> 2: 481-554, pls XV-XVII. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Costa, G.; Betti, F.; Nepote, E.; Cattaneo-Vietti, R.; Pansini, M.; Bavestrello, G.; Bertolino, M. (2018). Sponge community variations within two semi-submerged caves of the Ligurian Sea (Mediterranean Sea) over a half-century time span. <em>The European Zoological Journal.</em> 85 (1): 382-392., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/24750263.2018.1525439
page(s): 386 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Longo, C.; Cardone, F.; Pierri, C.; Mercurio, M.; Mucciolo, S.; Marzano, C.N.; Corriero, G. (2018). Sponges associated with coralligenous formations along the Apulian coasts. <em>Marine Biodiversity.</em> 48(4): 2151-2163., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s12526-017-0744-x
page(s): 2158 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Cook, S. de C.; Bergquist, P.R. (2002). Family Spongiidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 1051-1060. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A. & Van Soest, R.W.M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow. [details]  Full text PDF 

basis of record  (of Euspongia officinalis (Linnaeus, 1759)) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London). iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 262-266 [details]   

basis of record  (of Euspongia officinalis var. adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Topsent, E. (1901). Considérations sur la faune des spongiaires des côtes d'Algérie. Eponges de La Calle. <em>Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale.</em> (3) 9: 327-370, pls XIII-XIV.
page(s): 359 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Euspongia officinalis var. adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Topsent, E. (1925). Etude des Spongiaires du Golfe de Naples. <em>Archives de Zoologie expérimentale et générale.</em> 63(5): 623-725, pl. VIII.
page(s): 715 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Euspongia officinalis (Linnaeus, 1759)) Reyss, D. (1964). Contribution à l'étude du Rech Lacaze-Duthiers, vallée sous-marine des côtes du Rousillon. <em>Vie & Milieu.</em> 15, 1-46.
page(s): 16 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Naveiro Millán, A. (2002). Poríferos de la costa da Arrábida (Portugal). Clase Demospongiae. <em>Tesina Unversidad de Santiago de Compostela.</em> 165 pp.
page(s): 143-144. Figura 67 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Vacelet, J. (1991). Statut des éponges commerciales en Méditerranée. pp. 35-42 <i>in</i>: Les espèces marines à protéger en Méditerranée. Boudouresque, C.-F., Avon, M., & Graves, V. (eds) Gis Posidonie publication, France.
page(s): 35 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia quarnerensis Schmidt, 1862) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Euspongia officinalis var. adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London). iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1
page(s): 267-268 [details]   

additional source  (of Euspongia officinalis var. adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Schulze, F.E. (1879). Untersuchungen über den Bau und die Entwicklung der Spongien. Siebente Mittheilung. Die Familie der Spongidae. <em>Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie.</em> 32: 593-660, pls XXXIV-XXXVIII.
page(s): 619; pl XXXIV fig 1-3 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Corriero, G. (1989). The sponge fauna from the Stagnone di Marsala (Sicily): taxonomic and ecological observations. <em>Bolletino Museo Istituto Biologia Università Genova.</em> 53: 101-113.
page(s): 103 [details]   

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Ben Mustapha, K; Zarrouk, S.; Souissi, A.; El Abed, A. (2003). Diversité des Démosponges Tunisiennes. <em>Bulletin Institut national des Sciences et Technologies de la mer de Salammbô.</em> 30, 55-78.
page(s): 73 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Carballo, J.L.; Garcia-Gómez, J.C. (1994). Esponjas del Estrecho de Gibraltar y áreas próximas, con nuevas aportaciones para la fauna Iberica [Porifera from the Straits of Gibraltar and nearby areas, new species of the Iberian fauna]. <em>Cahiers de Biologie Marine.</em> 35(2): 193-211. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 196 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Lombas, I. (1982). Distribución, de esponjas esciafilas en la zona intermareal de Aramar (Luanco, Asturias). <em>Boletim de Ciencias Naturales IDEA.</em> 29: 37-50.
page(s): 46 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Sarà, M. (1958). Contributo all consoscenza dei Poriferi del Mar Ligure. <em>Annali di Museo Civico di Storia Naturale Genova.</em> 70(1): 207-244.
page(s): 239; pl XI [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up
page(s): 183-184 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Lévi, C. (1957). Spongiaires des côtes d'Israel. <em>Bulletin of the Research Council of Israel.</em> 6 B(3-4): 201-212.
page(s): 202 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Karimi, E.; Ramos, M.; Gonçalves, J.M.S.; Xavier, J.R.; Reis, M.P.; Costa, R. (2017). Comparative Metagenomics Reveals the Distinctive Adaptive Features of the <i>Spongia officinalis</i> Endosymbiotic Consortium. <em>Frontiers in Microbiology.</em> 8 (2499): 1-16., available online at https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.02499
page(s): 3 [details]   

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Solórzano, M.R. (1990). Poríferos del litoral gallego: estudio faunístico, distribución e inventario. <em>Phd Thesis Unversidad de Santiago de Compostela.</em> 1036 pp.
page(s): 1042-1046; Lám. 137 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Euspongia officinalis (Linnaeus, 1759)) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1888). Descriptive Catalogue of the Sponges in the Australian Museum, Sidney. (Taylor & Francis: London). i-xiv, 1-260, pls 1-12.
page(s): 125-130 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis var. adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis var. adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Pouliquen, L. (1972). Les spongiaires des grottes sous-marines de la région de Marseille: Ecologie et systématique. <em>Téthys.</em> 3(4): 717-758.
page(s): 728 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis var. adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Sarà, M. (1960). Poriferi del litorale dell'isola d'lschia e loro ripartizioneper ambienti. <em>Pubblicazioni della Stazione zoologica di Napoli.</em> 31(3):421-472, pls XII-XIII.
page(s): 469 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis var. adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Vacelet, J. (1959). Répartition générale des éponges et systématique des éponges cornées de la région de Marseille et de quelques stations méditerranéennes. <em>Recueil des Travaux de la Station marine d'Endoume.</em> 16 (26): 39-101, pls 1-3.
page(s): 76-77 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis var. adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Burton, M. (1936). The fishery ground near Alexandria. IX. Sponges. <em>Notes and Memoirs of the Fisheries Research Directorate, Cairo.</em> 17: 1-28.
page(s): 24 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis var. adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Lopes, M.T.; Boury-Esnault, N. (1981). Contribution à la connaissance des éponges cornées de la côte de l'Arrábida et de l'Algarve. <em>Arquivos do Museu Bocage.</em> 1(6): 95-110.
page(s): 99 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Burton, M. (1936). The fishery ground near Alexandria. IX. Sponges. <em>Notes and Memoirs of the Fisheries Research Directorate, Cairo.</em> 17: 1-28.
page(s): 24 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Rützler, K.; van Soest, R. W. M.; Piantoni, C. (2009). Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico. <i>in</i>: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A & M Press, College Station, Texas. 285–313. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Pansini, M. (1987). Report on a collection of Demospongiae from soft bottoms of the Eastern Adriatic Sea. <i>In</i>: Jones WC (ed) European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges. <em>Publications of the Sherkin Island Marine Station.</em> 1, 41-53.
page(s): 51 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Cruz, T. (2002). Esponjas marinas de Canarias. <em>Consejería de Política Territorial y Medio Ambiente del Gobierno de Canarias.</em> S/C Tenerife. 260 pp. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Harmelin, J.-G.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Fichez, R.; Vacelet, J.; Zibrowius, H. (2003). Peuplement de la grotte sous-marine de l'ile de Bagaud (parc national de Port-Cros, France, Méditerranée). <em>Rapport scientifique du Parc national de Port-Cros.</em> 19, 117-134.
page(s): 128 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Labate, M. (1964). Poriferi di grotta superficiale del litorale adriatico pugliese. <em>Annali del Pontificio Istituto Scienze e Lettere S. Chiara, Napoli.</em> 14, 319-342.
page(s): 338 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Voultsiadou-Koukoura, E.; Koukouras, A. (1993). Contribution to the knowledge of Keratose sponges (Dictyoceratida, Dendroceratida, Verongida: Demospongiae, Porifera) of the Aegean Sea. <em>Mitt. Zool. Mus. Berlin.</em> 69, 57-72.
page(s): 58-59 [details]   

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Vacelet, J. (1976). Inventaire des Spongiaires du Parc national de Port-Cros (Var). <em>Travaux scientifiques du Parc national de Port-Cros.</em> 2, 167-186.
page(s): 182; note: only 2 small specimens recorded in 1976 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Kefalas, E.; Castritsi-Catharios, I; Miliou, H. (2003). The impacts of scallop dredging on sponge assemblages in the Gulf of kalloni (Aegean Sea, northeastern Mediterranean). <em>ICES Journal of Marine Science.</em> 60, 402-10.
page(s): 406 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Topaloğlu, B. (2001). Sponge fauna in the littoral zone of the Marmara Sea. <em>Rapports et Procès Verbaux des Réunions de la Commission Internationale pour l'Exploration de la Mer Méditerranée,.</em> 36, 421.
page(s): 421 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Pansini, M.; Morri, C.; Bianchi, C.N. (2000). The sponge community of a subtidal area with hydrothermal vents: Milos island, Aegean Sea. <em>Estuarine Coastal Shelf Science.</em> 51, 627-635.
page(s): 630 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Corriero, G.; Pansini, M.; Sarà, M. (1984). Sui Poriferi della insenatura della Strea a Porto Cesareo (Lecce). <em>Thalassia Salentina.</em> 14, 1-10.
page(s): 8 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Gerovasileiou, V.; Voultsiadou, E. (2012). Marine Caves of the Mediterranean Sea: A Sponge Biodiversity Reservoir within a Biodiversity Hotspot. <em>PLoS ONE.</em> 7(7): e39873., available online at https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0039873
page(s): Table S1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia adriatica Schmidt, 1862) Schmidt, O. (1864). Supplement der Spongien des adriatischen Meeres. <em>Enthaltend die Histologie und systematische Ergänzungen. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig).</em> i-vi: 1-48, pls 1-4.
page(s): 24-26 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Van Soest, R.W.M. (2001). Porifera, <b><i>in</i></b>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification</i>. <em>Collection Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 85-103. (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Boury-Esnault, N. (1971). Spongiaires de la zone rocheuse de Banyuls-sur-Mer. II. Systématique. <em>Vie et Milieu.</em> 22(2): 287-349.
page(s): 338-339; note: with a short description [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Pulitzer-Finali, G.; Pronzato, R. (1976). Report on a Collection of Sponges from the Bay of Naples. II. Keratosa. <em>Pubblicazioni della Stazione zoologica di Napoli.</em> 40(1): 83-104.
page(s): 90 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Pulitzer-Finali, G.; Pronzato, R. (1981 [1980]). The Keratosa in a collection of Mediterranean sponges mainly from the Italian coasts. <em>Annali del Museo civico di storia naturale Giacomo Doria.</em> 83: 127-158.
page(s): 137 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Rützler, K. (1965). Systematik und Ökologie der Poriferen aus Litoral-Schattengebieten der Nordadria. <em>Zeitschrift für Morphologie und Ökologie der Tiere.</em> 55(1): 1-82.
page(s): 43-44 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Sarà, M. (1958). Studio sui Poriferi di una grotta di marea del Golfo di Napoli. <em>Archivo Zoologico Italiano.</em> 43: 203-281, pls I-II.
page(s): 273 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Sarà, M. (1961). La fauna di Poriferi delle grotte delle isole Tremiti. Studio ecologico e sistematico. <em>Archivio zoologico italiano.</em> 46: 1-59,pls I-II.
page(s): 55 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Vacelet, J. (1959). Répartition générale des éponges et systématique des éponges cornées de la région de Marseille et de quelques stations méditerranéennes. <em>Recueil des Travaux de la Station marine d'Endoume.</em> 16 (26): 39-101, pls 1-3.
page(s): 76 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Maldonado, M. (1992). Demosponges of the red coral bottoms from the Alboran Sea. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 26: 1131-1161. (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 1135 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Burton, M. (1959). Sponges. <em>In: Scientific Reports. John Murray Expedition 1933-34. 10(5). British Museum (Natural History): London.</em> Pp. 151-281.
page(s): 270 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Carter, H.J. (1876). Descriptions and Figures of Deep-Sea Sponges and their Spicules, from the Atlantic Ocean, dredged up on board H.M.S.‘Porcupine', chiefly in 1869 (concluded). <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (4) 18(105): 226-240; (106): 307-324; (107): 388-410;(108): 458-479, pls XII-XVI.
page(s): 231-232 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

misapplication  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Burton, M. (1934). Notes on some marine Sponges from the Belgian Congo. <em>Revue de Zoologie et de Botanique Africaines.</em> 34 (4), 410-411. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Díaz, H.; Bevilacqua, M.; Bone, D. (1985). Esponjas en manglares del Parque Nacional Morrocoy. <em>Fondo Editorial Acta Cientifica Venezolanos, Caracas.</em> Pp. 1-62.
page(s): 45; note: This is possibly Spongia obliqua[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

misapplication  (of Spongia officinalis Linnaeus, 1759) Lévi, C. (1961). Spongiaires des Iles Philippines, principalement récoltées au voisinage de Zamboanga. <em>Philippine Journal of Science.</em> 88 (4): 509-533.
page(s): 529 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

 

LanguageName 
Albanian sfungjeri i tualetit [from synonym]  [details]
Dutch badspons [from synonym]  [details]
English Turkey cup spongefine Levant spongebath sponge [from synonym]  [details]
German Tafelschwamm [from synonym]Feiner LevantinerschwammDalmatiner Schwamm [from synonym]Badeschwamm [from synonym]  [details]
Italian spugna da bagno [from synonym]  [details]
Japanese モクヨクカイメン [from synonym]  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) ΦίνοΜελάτια  [details]
Euspongia officinalis
 Euspongia officinalis
[image from synonym]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 008561.PR)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally; from synonym]



Website and databases developed and hosted by VLIZ · Page generated 2019-09-22 · contact: Rob van Soest