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Porifera taxon details

Chondropsidae Carter, 1886

168731  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:168731)

accepted
Family
Genus Batzella Topsent, 1893
  » Species Batzella aurantiaca (Lévi, 1958)
  » Species Batzella catarinensis Esteves, de Paula, Lerner, Lôbo-Hajdu & Hajdu, 2018
  » Species Batzella friabilis Pulitzer-Finali, 1978
  » Species Batzella frutex Pulitzer-Finali, 1982
  » Species Batzella fusca van Soest, 2009
  » Species Batzella inops (Topsent, 1891)
  » Species Batzella melanos (de Laubenfels, 1954)
  » Species Batzella mollis Thiele, 1905
  » Species Batzella rosea van Soest, 1984
  » Species Batzella rubra (Alcolado, 1984)
  » Species Batzella corticata Thiele, 1905 accepted as Hymeniacidon corticata (Thiele, 1905) (genus transfer)
  » Species Batzella inaequalis Hentschel, 1911 accepted as Strongylacidon inaequale (Hentschel, 1911) (genus transfer)
  » Species Batzella intermedia (Burton, 1934) accepted as Strongylacidon intermedium Burton, 1934 (reverted genus transfer)
Genus Chondropsis Carter, 1886
  » Species Chondropsis arenacea (Dendy, 1917)
  » Species Chondropsis arenifera Carter, 1886
  » Species Chondropsis australis (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Chondropsis ceratosus Kirkpatrick, 1900
  » Species Chondropsis chaliniformis (sensu Lendenfeld, 1889)
  » Species Chondropsis columnifera Dendy, 1895
  » Species Chondropsis confoederata (Lamarck, 1814)
  » Species Chondropsis isimangaliso Samaai, Pillay & Janson, 2019
  » Species Chondropsis kirkii (Bowerbank, 1841)
  » Species Chondropsis lamella (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Chondropsis macropsamma (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Chondropsis subtilis Calcinai, Bavestrello, Bertolino, Pica, Wagner & Cerrano, 2013
  » Species Chondropsis topsenti Dendy, 1895
  » Species Chondropsis wilsoni Dendy, 1895
  » Species Chondropsis carteri Dendy, 1895 accepted as Strongylamma carteri (Dendy, 1895) (genus transfer)
  » Species Chondropsis favosa (Marshall, 1880) accepted as Chondropsis kirkii (Bowerbank, 1841) (junior synonym)
  » Species Chondropsis syringiana Whitelegge, 1906 accepted as Phoriospongia syringiana (Whitelegge, 1906) (genus transfer)
Genus Phoriospongia Marshall, 1880
  » Species Phoriospongia arenifibrosa (Dendy, 1896)
  » Species Phoriospongia argentea (Marshall, 1880)
  » Species Phoriospongia canaliculata Lendenfeld, 1889
  » Species Phoriospongia carcinophila (Lendenfeld, 1889)
  » Species Phoriospongia flabellopalmata (Carter, 1885)
  » Species Phoriospongia levis Lendenfeld, 1888
  » Species Phoriospongia mammillata (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Phoriospongia papillosa (Lamarck, 1815)
  » Species Phoriospongia poni (de Laubenfels, 1950)
  » Species Phoriospongia reticulum Marshall, 1880
  » Species Phoriospongia solida Marshall, 1880
  » Species Phoriospongia squalida (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Phoriospongia syringiana (Whitelegge, 1906)
  » Species Phoriospongia chaliniformis sensu Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Chondropsis chaliniformis (sensu Lendenfeld, 1889) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phoriospongia columnifera (Dendy, 1895) accepted as Chondropsis columnifera Dendy, 1895 (genus transfer)
  » Species Phoriospongia confoederata (Lamarck, 1814) accepted as Chondropsis confoederata (Lamarck, 1814) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phoriospongia fibrosa Ridley, 1884 accepted as Psammochela fibrosa (Ridley, 1884) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phoriospongia guettardi Topsent, 1933 accepted as Clathria (Wilsonella) guettardi (Topsent, 1933) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phoriospongia lamella Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Chondropsis lamella (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
    » Variety Phoriospongia lamella var. osculata Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Chondropsis lamella (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
    » Variety Phoriospongia lamella var. panis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Chondropsis lamella (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Phoriospongia macropsamma (Lendenfeld, 1888) accepted as Chondropsis macropsamma (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
  » Species Phoriospongia osburnensis George & Wilson, 1919 accepted as Strongylacidon griseum (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Phoriospongia topsenti (Dendy, 1895) accepted as Chondropsis topsenti Dendy, 1895 (genus transfer)
  » Species Phoriospongia wilsoni (Dendy, 1895) accepted as Chondropsis wilsoni Dendy, 1895 (genus transfer)
Genus Psammoclema Marshall, 1880
  » Species Psammoclema arenaceum (Lévi, 1958)
  » Species Psammoclema bitextum Wiedenmayer, 1989
  » Species Psammoclema callosum (Marshall, 1880)
  » Species Psammoclema decipiens (Marshall, 1880)
  » Species Psammoclema densum (Marshall, 1880)
  » Species Psammoclema digitiferum (Lendenfeld, 1889)
  » Species Psammoclema finmarchicum (Hentschel, 1929)
  » Species Psammoclema fissuratum Wiedenmayer, 1989
  » Species Psammoclema foliaceum Poléjaeff, 1884
  » Species Psammoclema fuliginosum (Carter, 1885)
  » Species Psammoclema goniodes Wiedenmayer, 1989
  » Species Psammoclema inordinatum (Kirkpatrick, 1903)
  » Species Psammoclema marshalli (Lendenfeld, 1889)
  » Species Psammoclema nicaeense (Pulitzer-Finali & Pronzato, 1980)
  » Species Psammoclema nodosum (Carter, 1885)
  » Species Psammoclema porosum (Poléjaeff, 1884)
  » Species Psammoclema radiatum Wiedenmayer, 1989
  » Species Psammoclema ramosum Marshall, 1880
  » Species Psammoclema rubrum (Lévi, 1958)
  » Species Psammoclema rugosum (Lendenfeld, 1888)
  » Species Psammoclema stellidermatum (Carter, 1885)
  » Species Psammoclema stipitatum Wiedenmayer, 1989
  » Species Psammoclema tuberculatum (Lendenfeld, 1889)
  » Species Psammoclema vansoesti Wiedenmayer, 1989
  » Species Psammoclema vosmaeri Poléjaeff, 1884
  » Species Psammoclema commune (Carter, 1885) accepted as Hyrtios communis (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Psammoclema crassum (Carter, 1885) accepted as Holopsamma crassa Carter, 1885 (reverted genus transfer)
Genus Strongylacidon Lendenfeld, 1897
  » Species Strongylacidon bermuda (Laubenfels, 1950)
  » Species Strongylacidon chelospinatum Menegola, Santos, Moraes & Muricy, 2012
  » Species Strongylacidon conulosum Bergquist & Fromont, 1988
  » Species Strongylacidon fasciculatum Pulitzer-Finali, 1993
  » Species Strongylacidon griseum (Schmidt, 1870)
  » Species Strongylacidon inaequale (Hentschel, 1911)
  » Species Strongylacidon intermedium Burton, 1934
  » Species Strongylacidon kaneohe (Laubenfels, 1950)
  » Species Strongylacidon meganese (Laubenfels, 1951)
  » Species Strongylacidon mollissimum (Lendenfeld, 1887)
  » Species Strongylacidon oxychaetum Menegola, Santos, Moraes & Muricy, 2012
  » Species Strongylacidon platei (Thiele, 1905)
  » Species Strongylacidon plicatum (Hentschel, 1911)
  » Species Strongylacidon poriticola van Soest, 1984
  » Species Strongylacidon rubrum van Soest, 1984
  » Species Strongylacidon sansibarense Lendenfeld, 1897
  » Species Strongylacidon solangeae Menegola, Santos, Moraes & Muricy, 2012
  » Species Strongylacidon stelliderma (Carter, 1886)
  » Species Strongylacidon stelligerum (Whitelegge, 1906)
  » Species Strongylacidon unguiferum van Soest, 2009
  » Species Strongylacidon viride van Soest, 1984
  » Species Strongylacidon zukerani (Laubenfels, 1957)
  » Species Strongylacidon dendyi (Whitelegge, 1901) accepted as Lissodendoryx (Anomodoryx) dendyi (Whitelegge, 1901) (genus transfer)
  » Species Strongylacidon horridum (Hyatt, 1877) accepted as Mycale (Arenochalina) laxissima (Duchassaing & Michelotti, 1864) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Strongylacidon zanzibarense accepted as Strongylacidon sansibarense Lendenfeld, 1897 (misspelling of species name)

Genus Burtonispongia Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Chondropsis Carter, 1886 (junior synonym)
Genus Collosclerophora Dendy, 1917 accepted as Chondropsis Carter, 1886 (junior synonym)
Genus Kaneohea de Laubenfels, 1950 accepted as Phoriospongia Marshall, 1880 (junior synonym)
Genus Psammascus Marshall, 1880 accepted as Psammoclema Marshall, 1880 (junior synonym)
Genus Psammopemma Marshall, 1880 accepted as Psammoclema Marshall, 1880 (junior synonym)
  » Species Psammopemma arenaceum Lévi, 1958 accepted as Psammoclema arenaceum (Lévi, 1958) (genus transfer)
  » Species Psammopemma commune (Carter, 1885) accepted as Hyrtios communis (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Psammopemma crassum (Carter, 1885) accepted as Holopsamma crassa Carter, 1885
  » Species Psammopemma densum Marshall, 1880 accepted as Psammoclema densum (Marshall, 1880) (genus transfer)
    » Variety Psammopemma densum var. subfibrosa Ridley, 1884 accepted as Psammoclema densum (Marshall, 1880) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Psammopemma digitiferum Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Psammoclema digitiferum (Lendenfeld, 1889) (genus transfer)
  » Species Psammopemma durissimum (Carter, 1885) accepted as Pseudoceratina durissima Carter, 1885 (reverted genus transfer)
  » Species Psammopemma finmarchicum Hentschel, 1929 accepted as Psammoclema finmarchicum (Hentschel, 1929) (genus transfer)
    » Variety Psammopemma finmarchicum var. spiculosa Hentschel, 1929 accepted as Psammoclema finmarchicum (Hentschel, 1929) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Psammopemma fuliginosum (Carter, 1885) accepted as Psammoclema fuliginosum (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer)
  » Species Psammopemma inordinatum Kirkpatrick, 1903 accepted as Psammoclema inordinatum (Kirkpatrick, 1903) (genus transfer)
  » Species Psammopemma marshalli Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Psammoclema marshalli (Lendenfeld, 1889) (genus transfer)
  » Species Psammopemma nicaeense Pulitzer-Finali & Pronzato, 1980 accepted as Psammoclema nicaeense (Pulitzer-Finali & Pronzato, 1980) (genus transfer)
  » Species Psammopemma porosum Poléjaeff, 1884 accepted as Psammoclema porosum (Poléjaeff, 1884) (genus transfer)
  » Species Psammopemma rubrum Lévi, 1958 accepted as Psammoclema rubrum (Lévi, 1958) (genus transfer)
  » Species Psammopemma rugosum Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Psammoclema rugosum (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
  » Species Psammopemma tuberculatum Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Psammoclema tuberculatum (Lendenfeld, 1889) (genus transfer)
Genus Sarcocornea Carter, 1885 accepted as Psammoclema Marshall, 1880 (junior synonym)
Genus Sigmatella Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Chondropsis Carter, 1886 (junior synonym)
  » Species Sigmatella australis Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Chondropsis australis (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sigmatella carcinophila Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Phoriospongia carcinophila (Lendenfeld, 1889) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sigmatella corticata Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Chondropsis kirkii (Bowerbank, 1841) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
    » Variety Sigmatella corticata var. elegans Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Clathria (Wilsonella) australiensis Carter, 1885 (genus transfer & junior synonym)
    » Variety Sigmatella corticata var. flabellum Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Chondropsis kirkii (Bowerbank, 1841) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
    » Variety Sigmatella corticata var. mammillaris Lendenfeld, 1889 accepted as Chondropsis kirkii (Bowerbank, 1841) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
    » Variety Sigmatella corticata var. papillosa Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Chondropsis kirkii (Bowerbank, 1841) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
    » Variety Sigmatella corticata var. serrata Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Chondropsis kirkii (Bowerbank, 1841) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
  » Species Sigmatella flabellipalmata (Carter, 1885) accepted as Phoriospongia flabellopalmata (Carter, 1885)
  » Species Sigmatella macropsamma Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Chondropsis macropsamma (Lendenfeld, 1888) (genus transfer)
  » Species Sigmatella turbo (Carter, 1885) accepted as Desmapsamma turbo (Carter, 1885)
Genus Stylotrichophora Dendy, 1895 accepted as Phoriospongia Marshall, 1880 (junior synonym)
  » Species Stylotrichophora rubra Dendy, 1895 accepted as Phoriospongia flabellopalmata (Carter, 1885) (genus transfer & junior synonym)
Genus Tedaniopsamma Burton, 1934 accepted as Phoriospongia Marshall, 1880 (junior synonym)
Genus Xytopsiphum Laubenfels, 1950 accepted as Strongylacidon Lendenfeld, 1897 (junior synonym)
Genus Xytopsues Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Strongylacidon Lendenfeld, 1897 (junior synonym)
  » Species Xytopsues griseus (Schmidt, 1870) accepted as Strongylacidon griseum (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer)
  » Species Xytopsues osburnensis (George & Wilson, 1919) accepted as Strongylacidon griseum (Schmidt, 1870) (genus transfer and junior synonym)
  » Species Xytopsues zukerani Laubenfels, 1957 accepted as Strongylacidon zukerani (Laubenfels, 1957) (genus transfer)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Carter, H.J. (1886). Descriptions of Sponges from the Neighbourhood of Port Phillip Heads, South Australia, continued. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (5) 17 (97, 98, 101, 102): 40-53, 112-127, 431-441, 502-516. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Porifera (2019). Chondropsidae Carter, 1886. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/porifera/porifera.php?p=taxdetails&id=168731 on 2019-11-14
Date
action
by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z
created
db_admin
2006-12-09 19:55:42Z
changed
2015-04-22 06:11:52Z
changed

original description Carter, H.J. (1886). Descriptions of Sponges from the Neighbourhood of Port Phillip Heads, South Australia, continued. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> (5) 17 (97, 98, 101, 102): 40-53, 112-127, 431-441, 502-516. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Collosclerophoridae Dendy, 1922) Dendy, A. (1922). Report on the Sigmatotetraxonida collected by H.M.S.‘Sealark' in the Indian Ocean. <i>In</i>: Reports of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, Vol. 7. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.</em> 18 (1): 1-164, pls 1-18. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Phoriospongiinae Lendenfeld, 1889) Lendenfeld, R. von. (1889). A Monograph of the Horny Sponges. (Trübner and Co.: London). iii-iv, 1-936, pls 1-50., available online at https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=chi.20735531;view=1up;seq=1 [details]   

original description  (of Psammascidae Laubenfels, 1936) Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. <em>Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication.</em> 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 96 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Collosclerophoreae Dendy, 1922) Dendy, A. (1922). Report on the Sigmatotetraxonida collected by H.M.S.‘Sealark' in the Indian Ocean. <i>In</i>: Reports of the Percy Sladen Trust Expedition to the Indian Ocean in 1905, Vol. 7. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.</em> 18 (1): 1-164, pls 1-18.
page(s): 74 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source  (of Collosclerophoridae Dendy, 1922) Hooper, J.N.A.; Wiedenmayer, F. (1994). Porifera. <i>In</i>: Wells, A. (ed.) Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Volume 12. Melbourne, CSIRO. , available online at https://biodiversity.org.au/afd/taxa/PORIFERA/checklist
page(s): 160 [details]   

basis of record Van Soest, R.W.M. (2002). Family Chondropsidae Carter, 1886. <i>In: Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow</i>. Volume 1, Pp. 521-527.
page(s): 521 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Remark Chondropsidae
Definition: Myxillina with only thin smooth strongyles or occasionally thin smooth styles as megascleres, in an irregular plumose arrangement; no acanthostyles; microscleres arcuate or unguiferate chelae and/or sigmas.
Diagnosis: Encrusting, massive, flabellate or digitate growth forms. Ectosomal skeleton frequently absent, replaced by arenaceous or spicular detritus, but often with areolate porefields on surface. Ectosomal smooth strongyles or occasionally styles, often rare or secondarily lost. Choanosomal spicules, if present, are auxiliary megascleres of ectosomal origin, strongyles or occasionally styles, whereas principal spicules appear to be absent. Microscleres are arcuate isochelae and sigmas, but these may be often absent.
Remarks:
Tornotes: The strongyles are presumably of tornote derivation; many are thin and have often slightly asymmetrical ends and may occasionally be stylote. The styles of one genus (Phoriospongia) show slightly swollen tyles, indicating possible homology with choanosomal principal megascleres.
Sand: Many members of this family have their skeleton partly or wholly replaced by sand grains.
Microscleres: Based on the presence or absence of microscleres, there is a series of intergrading ‘genera’: Batzella (no microscleres), Phoriospongia (sigmas), Strongylacidon (unguiferate chelae sigmas), Burtonispongia (arcuate chelae sigmas). It is here proposed to ignore the presence or absence of sigmas and/or chelae at the genus level. The entire absence of microscleres (Psammoclema, Batzella) makes allocation to family arguable, and consequently these genera are retained for possible allocation to other groups, even though the distinction among them is probably artificial. Batzella and Chondropsis differ in the presence or absence of a sand reticulation, which may also be an artificial distinction.
Affiliations: This is a small somewhat suspect, dustbin-type group. Possibly various genera could be reduced members of Hymedesmiidae.
Scope: Sixteen genera are assigned to the family, of which five are considered valid: Batzella, Chondropsis, Phoriospongia, Psammoclema, Strongylacidon.
 [details]
 





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