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Porifera taxon details

Radiella sol Schmidt, 1870

170677  (

Polymastia sol (Schmidt, 1870) (reverted genus transfer)
Trichostemma sol (Schmidt, 1870) (reverted genus transfer)

Subspecies Radiella sol pacifica (Koltun, 1966) accepted as Polymastia koltuni Van Soest & Hooper, 2020 (genus transfer, status change and preoccupied)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Schmidt, O. (1870). Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des atlantischen Gebietes. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): iii-iv, 1-88, pls I-VI.
page(s): 48 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Holotype  USNM 990, geounit Greater Antilles  
Holotype USNM 990, geounit Greater Antilles [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2019). World Porifera Database. Radiella sol Schmidt, 1870. Accessed at: on 2020-10-21
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z
2009-12-27 18:41:25Z

original description Schmidt, O. (1870). Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des atlantischen Gebietes. (Wilhelm Engelmann: Leipzig): iii-iv, 1-88, pls I-VI.
page(s): 48 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at [details]   

basis of record Boury-Esnault, N. (2002). Family Polymastiidae Gray, 1867. Pp. 201-219. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]  Full text PDF 

additional source Burton, M. (1931). The Folden Fiord. Report on the sponges collected by Mr. Soot-Ryven in the Folden Fiord in the year 1923. <em>Tromsø Museum Skrifter.</em> 1 (13): 1-8.
page(s): 8; note: Misapplication [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Rützler, K.; van Soest, R. W. M.; Piantoni, C. (2009). Sponges (Porifera) of the Gulf of Mexico. <i>in</i>: Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A & M Press, College Station, Texas. 285–313. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. (2017). Sponges of the Guyana Shelf. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4217: 1-225., available online at
page(s): 123-125 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Vacelet, J. (1969). Eponges de la Roche du Large et de l'étage bathyal de Méditerranée (Récoltes de la soucoupe plongeante Cousteau et dragages). Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. <em>Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (A, Zoologie).</em> 59(2): 145-219, pls I-IV.
page(s): 173; fig 8 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Burton, M. (1930). Norwegian Sponges from the Norman Collection. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1930 (2): 487-546, pls I-II.
page(s): 510; note: Misapplication [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Burton, M. (1954). Sponges. Pp. 215-239, pl. 9. <i>In</i>: The 'Rosaura' Expedition. Part 5. <em>Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) Zoology.</em> 2 (6).
page(s): 222 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Laubenfels, M.W. de. (1936). A Discussion of the Sponge Fauna of the Dry Tortugas in Particular and the West Indies in General, with Material for a Revision of the Families and Orders of the Porifera. <em>Carnegie Institute of Washington Publication.</em> 467 (Tortugas Laboratory Paper 30) 1-225, pls 1-22.
page(s): 150-151; pl 22 fig 2 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source  (of Polymastia sol (Schmidt, 1870)) Koltun, V.M. (1966). Four-rayed sponges of Northern and Far Eastern seas of the USSR (order Tetraxonida). Opredeliti Faunei SSSR 90. (Zoological Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR: Moscow, Leningrad): 1-112.
page(s): 79; note: Misapplication: This concerns Spinularia sarsii[details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Polymastia sol (Schmidt, 1870)) Van Soest, R.W.M.; Stentoft, N. (1988). Barbados Deep-Water Sponges. <i>In</i>: Hummelinck, P.W. & Van der Steen, L.J. (Eds), Uitgaven van de Natuurwetenschappelijke Studiekring voor Suriname en de Nederlandse Antillen. No. 122. <em>Studies on the Fauna of Curaçao andother Caribbean Islands.</em> 70(215): 1-175.
page(s): 75-76; fig 36 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source  (of Trichostemma sol (Schmidt, 1870)) Barthel, D.; Tendal, O.S. (1993). The sponge association of the abyssal Norwegian-Greenland Sea: species composition, substrate relationships and distribution. <em>Sarsia.</em> 78: 83-96.
page(s): 88; note: Misapplication: Barthel & Tendal used the combination as described by Koltun (1966) (as Polymastia). This concerns Spinularia sarsii[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

Holotype USNM 990, geounit Greater Antilles [details]
English sun horny sponge  [details]
French éponge du soleil  [details]
To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 007571.PR)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
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