The ICZM Process - a Roadmap towards Coastal Sustainability - Designing the Future

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Analysis and Futures  

Setting the Vision  

Designing the Future  

Realising the Vision  


ICZM Process diagram/EstablishmentICZM Process diagram/Setting the visionICZM Process diagram/Analysis and FutureICZM Process diagram/Designing the FutureICZM Process diagram/Realizing the VisionICZM pegaso 4.png
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The ultimate aim of this stage - and indeed of the whole process - is to lay the foundations for a self-sustaining process of sustainable development. It will be based on a combination of instruments including concrete actions materialised through an investment portfolio, awareness-raising, institutional adjustments, and policy changes - ultimately transforming the governance culture and the community's understanding and care of the coastal zone.

Key tasks

1. Formulating the ICZM plan, strategy or programme, and the actions - evaluating the options, plan and programme formulation.

2. Governance & Management - establishing the inter-sectoral management, facilitation and consultation structures for the long-term, post-plan period.

3. Embedding - obtaining formal approvals, funding support and legal adoption.

Potential Outputs

Coastal Strategy, Plan or Programme Consultation Draft and the process for public consultation and formal adoption.

  • The terrestrial and marine areas as identified at the Establishment stage, complementing not replacing existing spatial and other plans or programmes for the area.
  • Proposed long-term governance and implementation structures. These structures will not necessarily be the same as those responsible for the preparation of the plan. Critically they should include all key national and local agencies that can enable or facilitate the delivery of the plan and its actions.
  • Implementation Programme - the action plan including short (3-6 years), medium (5-10 years) and long-term actions, responsibilities for action, how costs will be shared, and lines of accountability. The ICZM strategy, plan or programme will contain a mix of infrastructure, ‘concrete’ actions and ”soft’ tasks such as changes to laws and procedures, regulations, pricing, institutional development, training, awareness and other 'soft' interventions.

The Adopted Coastal Strategy, Plan or Programme - the ICZM Steering Group should approve the final document. The documents may be adopted by one or more Ministries or by local authorities. It may also receive joint endorsement from a vertical combination of both. Sponsoring organisations may also be asked for or require a formal endorsement.