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URMO taxon details

Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758

125284  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125284)

accepted
Genus
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758 (type by subsequent designation)
Species Alcyonium acaule Marion, 1878
Species Alcyonium antarcticum Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Alcyonium aspiculatum Tixier-Durivault, 1955
Species Alcyonium aurantiacum Quoy & Gaimard, 1834
Species Alcyonium bocagei (Saville Kent, 1870)
Species Alcyonium burmedju Sampaio, Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2016
Species Alcyonium catalai Tixier-Durivault, 1970
Species Alcyonium ceylonense May, 1899
Species Alcyonium clavatum Studer, 1890
Species Alcyonium compactofestucum Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Alcyonium coralloides (Pallas, 1766)
Species Alcyonium dendroides Thomson & Dean, 1931
Species Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
Species Alcyonium elegans (Kükenthal, 1902)
Species Alcyonium etheridgei Thomson & Mackinnon, 1911
Species Alcyonium fauri J.S. Thomson, 1910
Species Alcyonium glaciophilum van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007
Species Alcyonium glomeratum (Hassall, 1843)
Species Alcyonium grandis Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Alcyonium graniferum Tixier-Durivault & d'Hondt, 1974
Species Alcyonium haddoni Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Alcyonium hibernicum (Renouf, 1931)
Species Alcyonium jorgei van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007
Species Alcyonium maristenebrosi Stiasny, 1937
Species Alcyonium megasclerum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006
Species Alcyonium muricatum Yamada, 1950
Species Alcyonium pacificum Yamada, 1950
Species Alcyonium palmatum Pallas, 1766
Species Alcyonium patagonicum (May, 1899)
Species Alcyonium paucilobulatum Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Alcyonium profundum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006
Species Alcyonium repens Stiasny, 1941
Species Alcyonium senegalense Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Alcyonium siderium Verrill, 1922
Species Alcyonium sollasi Wright & Studer, 1889
Species Alcyonium southgeorgiensis Casas, Ramil & van Ofwegen, 1997
Species Alcyonium spitzbergense Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992
Species Alcyonium studeri (J.S. Thomson, 1910)
Species Alcyonium submurale Ridley, 1883
Species Alcyonium variabile (J.S. Thomson, 1921)
Species Alcyonium varum McFadden & van Ofwegen, 2013
Species Alcyonium verseveldti Benayahu, 1982
Species Alcyonium yepayek van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007

Species Alcyonium adriaticum Kükenthal, 1909 accepted as Alcyonium palmatum Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
Species Alcyonium altum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Nidaliopsis alta (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium brioniense Kükenthal, 1907 accepted as Alcyonium acaule Marion, 1878 (synonym)
Species Alcyonium capitatum (Pfeffer, 1889) accepted as Bellonella capitata (Pfeffer, 1889) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium complanatum (Verseveldt, 1977) accepted as Skamnarium complanatum (Verseveldt, 1977) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium distinctum Williams, 1988 accepted as Porphyrophyton distinctum (Williams, 1988)
Species Alcyonium echinatum Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Klyxum echinatum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium equisetiform Luttschwager, 1922 accepted as Klyxum equisetiform (Luttschwager, 1922) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium flaccidum Tixier-Durivault, 1966 accepted as Klyxum flaccidum (Tixier-Durivault, 1966) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium fulvum (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Parerythropodium fulvum (Forskål, 1775) accepted as Rhytisma fulvum (Forskål, 1775) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium fungiforme Tixier-Durivault, 1954 accepted as Alcyonium variabile (J.S. Thomson, 1921) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium gracillimum Kükenthal, 1906 accepted as Scleronephthya gracillimum (Kükenthal, 1906) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium gruveli Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum gruveli (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium khoisanianum Williams, 1988 accepted as Pieterfaurea khoisaniana (Williams, 1988) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium laeve Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Nidaliopsis laeve (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium legitimum Tixier-Durivault, 1970 accepted as Klyxum legitimum (Tixier-Durivault, 1970) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium luteum Tixier-Durivault, 1954 accepted as Alcyonium variabile (J.S. Thomson, 1921) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium molle Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Klyxum molle (Thomson & Dean, 1931) (changed combination, basionym)
Species Alcyonium monodi Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Complexum monodi (Tixier-Durivault, 1955)
Species Alcyonium monticulum Verseveldt, 1982 accepted as Rhytisma monticulum (Verseveldt, 1982) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium moriferum (Tixier-Durivault, 1954) accepted as Parasphaerasclera morifera (Tixier-Durivault, 1954)
Species Alcyonium mutabiliforme Williams, 1988 accepted as Dimorphophyton mutabiliforme (Williams, 1988) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium okinawanum Utinomi, 1976 accepted as Klyxum okinawanum (Utinomi, 1976) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium paessleri May, 1899 accepted as Alcyonium antarcticum Wright & Studer, 1889 (synonym)
Species Alcyonium planiceps Williams, 1986 accepted as Lampophyton planiceps (Williams, 1986) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium roseum van Ofwegen, Häussermann & Försterra, 2007 accepted as Alcyonium varum McFadden & van Ofwegen, 2013 (pre-occupied)
Species Alcyonium rotiferum J.S. Thomson, 1910 accepted as Eleutherobia rotifera (J.S. Thomson, 1910) accepted as Parasphaerasclera rotifera (Thomson, 1910) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium rotundum Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Klyxum rotundum (Thomson & Dean, 1931) (changed combination, basionym)
Species Alcyonium rubrotincta Thomson & Henderson, 1905 accepted as Pseudopterogorgia rubrotincta (Thomson & Henderson, 1905) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium rubrum Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2006 accepted as Alcyonium burmedju Sampaio, Stokvis & van Ofwegen, 2016 (junior homonym of Alcyonium rubrum Müller, 1776)
Species Alcyonium rudyi Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992 accepted as Discophyton rudyi (Verseveldt & van Ofwegen, 1992) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium simplex Thomson & Dean, 1931 accepted as Klyxum simplex (Thomson & Dean, 1931) (changed combination, basionym)
Species Alcyonium utinomii Verseveldt, 1971 accepted as Klyxum utinomii (Verseveldt, 1971) (synon ym)
Species Alcyonium valdiviae Kükenthal, 1906 accepted as Parasphaerasclera valdiviae (Kukenthal, 1906) (synonym)
Species Alcyonium violaceum Tixier-Durivault, 1955 accepted as Nidaliopsis violacea (Tixier-Durivault, 1955) (synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 803 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 
URMO (2019). Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/urmo/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125284 on 2020-08-08
Land J. van der (ed). (2008). UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms (URMO). Alcyonium Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed at: http://marinespecies.org/urmo/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125284 on 2020-08-08
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-02-07 12:58:14Z
changed
2005-03-10 11:39:19Z
changed
2010-09-17 06:17:46Z
checked
2016-10-20 06:37:02Z
changed

original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 803 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

basis of record van Ofwegen, L.; Grasshoff, M.; van der Land, J. (2001). Octocorallia (excl. Pennatulacea), <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 104-105 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1971). Octocorallia from North-Western Madagascar (Part II). <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen.</em> 1-73, plates 1-15. [details]   

additional source McFadden, C.S.; van Ofwegen, L.P. (2013). Molecular phylogenetic evidence supports a new family of octocorals and a new genus of Alcyoniidae (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). <em>Zookeys.</em> 346: 59-83. [details]   

additional source McFadden, C. S.; Ofwegen, L. P. van. (2017). Revisionary systematics of the endemic soft coral fauna (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea: Alcyoniina) of the Agulhas Bioregion, South Africa. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4363(4): 451-488., available online at https://www.biotaxa.org/Zootaxa/article/view/zootaxa.4363.4.1
page(s): 460 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Williams, G.C. (1992). The Alcyonacea of southern Africa. Stoloniferous octocorals and soft corals (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). <em>Annals of the South African Museum.</em> 100: 249-358.
page(s): 271 [details]   

additional source Williams, G.C. (1986). A new species of the octocorallian genus Alcyonium (Anthozoa: Alcyonacea) from southern Africa, with a revised diagnosis of the genus. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 20: 53-63.
page(s): 61; note: Emendation (re-diagnosis of genus) [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum Linnaeus, 1758
 Alcyonium digitatum...
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum
 Alcyonium digitatum
[image from typetaxon]

Alcyonium digitatum
 Alcyonium digitatum
[image from typetaxon]


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