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Asteroidea taxon details

Pteraster Müller & Troschel, 1842

123335  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:123335)

accepted
Genus
Hexaster Perrier, 1891 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Fisher (1911))
Lophopteraster Verrill, 1895 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Fisher (1940))
Marsipaster Sladen, 1882 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Downey (1973).)
Pteraster (Apterodon) Fisher, 1940 · alternate representation
Pteraster (Retaster) Perrier, 1878 · alternate representation
Pteraster (Temnaster) Verrill, 1894 · unaccepted (synonym)
Pterasterides Verrill, 1909 · unaccepted (synonym)
Retaster Perrier, 1878 · unaccepted (Subgenus according to Fisher (1940).)
Temnaster Verrill, 1894 · unaccepted (Synonym according to Fisher (1911))

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  1. Species Pteraster abyssorum (Verrill, 1895)
  2. Species Pteraster acicula (Downey, 1970)
  3. Species Pteraster affinis Smith, 1876
  4. Species Pteraster alveolatus Perrier, 1894
  5. Species Pteraster angulatus Gale, 2022 †
  6. Species Pteraster balticus Gale, 2022 †
  7. Species Pteraster bathami Fell, 1958
  8. Species Pteraster capensis Gray, 1847
  9. Species Pteraster caribbaeus Perrier, 1881
  10. Species Pteraster corynetes Fisher, 1916
  11. Species Pteraster coscinopeplus Fisher, 1910
  12. Species Pteraster cretachiton Gale, 2022 †
  13. Species Pteraster diaphanus (Ludwig, 1905)
  14. Species Pteraster educator Djakonov, 1958
  15. Species Pteraster flabellifer Mortensen, 1933
  16. Species Pteraster florifer Koehler, 1920
  17. Species Pteraster fornicatus Mortensen, 1933
  18. Species Pteraster gibber (Sladen, 1882)
  19. Species Pteraster hastatus Mortensen, 1913
  20. Species Pteraster hirsutus (Sladen, 1882)
  21. Species Pteraster hymenasteroides Djakonov, 1958
  22. Species Pteraster hystrix Harvey, 1989
  23. Species Pteraster ifurus Golotsvan, 1998
  24. Species Pteraster jordani Fisher, 1905
  25. Species Pteraster koehleri A.M. Clark, 1962
  26. Species Pteraster kutscheri Gale, 2022 †
  27. Species Pteraster marsippus Fisher, 1910
  28. Species Pteraster militarioides H.L. Clark, 1941
  29. Species Pteraster militaris (O.F. Müller, 1776)
  30. Species Pteraster minutus Djakonov, 1958
  31. Species Pteraster multiporus H.L. Clark, 1908
  32. Species Pteraster myonotus Fisher, 1916
  33. Species Pteraster nudus Gale, 2022 †
  34. Species Pteraster obesus H.L. Clark, 1908
  35. Species Pteraster obscurus (Perrier, 1891)
  36. Species Pteraster octaster Verrill, 1909
  37. Species Pteraster paucispinus Gale, 2022 †
  38. Species Pteraster personatus Sladen, 1891
  39. Species Pteraster pulvillus M. Sars, 1861
  40. Species Pteraster reticulatus Fisher, 1906
  41. Species Pteraster robertsoni McKnight, 1973
  42. Species Pteraster rugatus Sladen, 1882
  43. Species Pteraster rugosus H.L. Clark, 1941
  44. Species Pteraster seafordensis Gale, 2022 †
  45. Species Pteraster sjadesensis Lane & Vimono, 2020
  46. Species Pteraster solitarius Djakonov, 1958
  47. Species Pteraster spinosissimus (Sladen, 1882)
  48. Species Pteraster stellifer Sladen, 1882
  49. Species Pteraster temnochiton Fisher, 1910
  50. Species Pteraster tesselatus Ives, 1888
  51. Species Pteraster tetracanthus H.L. Clark, 1916
  52. Species Pteraster texius Golotsvan, 1998
  53. Species Pteraster trigonodon Fisher, 1910
  54. Species Pteraster turoniense Gale, 2022 †
  55. Species Pteraster uragensis Hayashi, 1940
  56. Species Pteraster willsi Clark & Jewett, 2011
  57. Subgenus Pteraster (Temnaster) Verrill, 1894 accepted as Temnaster Verrill, 1894 accepted as Pteraster Müller & Troschel, 1842 (synonym)
    1. Species Pteraster (Temnaster) hexactis Verrill, 1894 accepted as Temnaster hexactis (Verrill, 1894) accepted as Pteraster obscurus (Perrier, 1891) (synonym)
  58. Species Pteraster aculeatus Koehler, 1920 accepted as Pteraster affinis aculeatus Koehler, 1920 accepted as Pteraster affinis Smith, 1876
  59. Species Pteraster aporus Ludwig, 1886 accepted as Pterasterides aporus (Ludwig, 1886) accepted as Pteraster militaris (O.F. Müller, 1776) (Synonym according to Fisher (1911))
  60. Species Pteraster argentinus Bernasconi, 1935 accepted as Pteraster affinis lebruni Perrier, 1891 (Synonym according to A.M. Clark (1962) and Bernasconi (1964).)
  61. Species Pteraster brachiatus Koehler, 1917 accepted as Pteraster affinis Smith, 1876 (Synonym according to A.M. Clark (1962))
  62. Species Pteraster cribrosus von Martens, 1867 accepted as Euretaster cribrosus (von Martens, 1867)
  63. Species Pteraster glomus Hayashi, 1940 accepted as Pteraster tesselatus glomus Hayashi, 1940
  64. Species Pteraster gracilis H.L. Clark, 1901 accepted as Pteraster tesselatus Ives, 1888 (Synonym according to Fisher (1940))
  65. Species Pteraster hebes Verrill, 1909 accepted as Pteraster tesselatus Ives, 1888 (Synonym according to Fisher (1930))
  66. Species Pteraster hexactis Verrill, 1894 accepted as Pteraster obscurus (Perrier, 1891) (Synonym according to Fisher (1911))
  67. Species Pteraster hunteri Koehler, 1920 accepted as Pteraster stellifer hunteri Koehler, 1920
  68. Species Pteraster inermis Perrier, 1888 (unaccepted > nomen nudum, Undescribed)
  69. Species Pteraster inflatus Hutton, 1872 accepted as Stegnaster inflatus (Hutton, 1872)
  70. Species Pteraster ingouffi Perrier, 1891 accepted as Diplopteraster verrucosus (Sladen, 1882) (Synonym according to Fisher (1940))
  71. Species Pteraster japonicus Uchida, 1931 accepted as Pteraster tesselatus Ives, 1888 (Possible synonym based on Djakonov (1950).)
  72. Species Pteraster lebruni Perrier, 1891 accepted as Pteraster affinis lebruni Perrier, 1891 (Synonym according to Guille (1974).)
  73. Species Pteraster marplatensis Bernasconi, 1935 accepted as Pteraster affinis Smith, 1876 (Synonym according to A.M. Clark (1962) & confirmed by Bernasconi (1964).)
  74. Species Pteraster multipes M. Sars, 1866 accepted as Diplopteraster multipes (M. Sars, 1866) (synonym)
  75. Species Pteraster multispinus H.L. Clark, 1901 accepted as Pteraster tesselatus Ives, 1888 (Probable synonym according to Fisher (1940).)
  76. Species Pteraster ornatus Smirnov, 1982 accepted as Pteraster obscurus ornatus Smirnov, 1982
  77. Species Pteraster reductus Koehler, 1907 accepted as Pteraster personatus Sladen, 1891 (synonym)
  78. Species Pteraster semireticulatus Sladen, 1882 accepted as Diplopteraster semireticulatus (Sladen, 1882)
  79. Species Pteraster sordidus Perrier, 1894 accepted as Pteraster personatus Sladen, 1891 (synonym)
  80. Species Pteraster stoibe H.L. Clark, 1941 accepted as Pteraster militarioides stoibe H.L. Clark, 1941
  81. Species Pteraster tenuissimus (Bernasconi, 1966) accepted as Calyptraster tenuissimus Bernasconi, 1966
  82. Subgenus Pteraster (Apterodon) Fisher, 1940 represented as Pteraster Müller & Troschel, 1842
    1. Species Pteraster (Apterodon) acicula (Downey, 1970) represented as Pteraster acicula (Downey, 1970)
    2. Species Pteraster (Apterodon) bathami Fell, 1958 represented as Pteraster bathami Fell, 1958
    3. Species Pteraster (Apterodon) coscinopeplus Fisher, 1910 represented as Pteraster coscinopeplus Fisher, 1910
    4. Species Pteraster (Apterodon) fornicatus Mortensen, 1933 represented as Pteraster fornicatus Mortensen, 1933
    5. Species Pteraster (Apterodon) hystrix Harvey, 1989 represented as Pteraster hystrix Harvey, 1989
    6. Species Pteraster (Apterodon) obesus H.L. Clark, 1908 represented as Pteraster obesus H.L. Clark, 1908
    7. Species Pteraster (Apterodon) reticulatus Fisher, 1906 represented as Pteraster reticulatus Fisher, 1906
    8. Species Pteraster (Apterodon) rugosus H.L. Clark, 1941 represented as Pteraster rugosus H.L. Clark, 1941
    9. Species Pteraster (Apterodon) stellifer Sladen, 1882 represented as Pteraster stellifer Sladen, 1882
    10. Species Pteraster (Apterodon) tetracanthus H.L. Clark, 1916 represented as Pteraster tetracanthus H.L. Clark, 1916
  83. Subgenus Pteraster (Pteraster) Müller & Troschel, 1842 represented as Pteraster Müller & Troschel, 1842
  84. Subgenus Pteraster (Retaster) Perrier, 1878 represented as Pteraster Müller & Troschel, 1842
    1. Species Pteraster (Retaster) capensis Gray, 1847 represented as Pteraster capensis Gray, 1847
    2. Species Pteraster (Retaster) corynetes Fisher, 1916 represented as Pteraster corynetes Fisher, 1916
    3. Species Pteraster (Retaster) diaphanus (Ludwig, 1905) represented as Pteraster diaphanus (Ludwig, 1905)
    4. Species Pteraster (Retaster) gibber Sladen, 1882 represented as Pteraster gibber (Sladen, 1882)
    5. Species Pteraster (Retaster) gracilis H.L. Clark, 1901 represented as Pteraster gracilis H.L. Clark, 1901 accepted as Pteraster tesselatus Ives, 1888
    6. Species Pteraster (Retaster) multiporus H.L. Clark, 1908 represented as Pteraster multiporus H.L. Clark, 1908
    7. Species Pteraster (Retaster) obscurus (Perrier, 1891) represented as Pteraster obscurus (Perrier, 1891)
    8. Species Pteraster (Retaster) pulvillus M. Sars, 1861 represented as Pteraster pulvillus M. Sars, 1861
    9. Species Pteraster (Retaster) temnochiton Fisher, 1910 represented as Pteraster temnochiton Fisher, 1910
  85. Species Pteraster danae Verrill, 1869 accepted as Pteraster stellifer Sladen, 1882 (uncertain > nomen dubium)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Müller, J. and Troschel, F. H. (1842). System der Asteriden.1. Asteriae. 2. Ophiuridae. <em>Vieweg: Braunschweig.</em> xxx+134 pp. 12 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44159
page(s): 127 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Status The status of the subgenera proposed by Fisher (1940) needs reassessment. A.M. Clark (1989: 205) treats the absence of...  
Status The status of the subgenera proposed by Fisher (1940) needs reassessment. A.M. Clark (1989: 205) treats the absence of webbing on the oral spines as of supraspecific weight but Downey (1992) does not agree and treats Pteraster stoibe H.L. Clark (1941) without webbing, as a subspecies of P. militaroides, which does have webs linking the oral spines of each plate. Downey notes that the absence of webbing in the holotype of stoibe might be an artefact of preservation but in other species of Apterodon, this appears to be the natural condition.

As a compromise, rather then segregate the species listed as Pteraster (Retaster) and Pteraster (Apterodon) by Fisher (1940) or subsequently referred to these subgenera, all are included under the heading of Pteraster[details]
Mah, C.L. (2021). World Asteroidea Database. Pteraster Müller & Troschel, 1842. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/Asteroidea../aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=123335 on 2024-02-26
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-01-19 09:31:50Z
changed
2008-10-25 03:22:57Z
changed

original description Müller, J. and Troschel, F. H. (1842). System der Asteriden.1. Asteriae. 2. Ophiuridae. <em>Vieweg: Braunschweig.</em> xxx+134 pp. 12 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44159
page(s): 127 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Hexaster Perrier, 1891) Perrier, E. (1891). Stellerides nouveaux provenant des campagnes du yacht <i>l'Hirondelle</i>. <em>Mémoires de la Société zoologique de France.</em> 4: 258-271., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10114471
page(s): 267 [details]   

original description  (of Marsipaster Sladen, 1882) Sladen, W.P. (1882) The Asteroidea of H.M.S. <i>Challenger</i> Expedition, pt. 1. Pterasteridae. Journal of the Linnean Society of London. 16: 189-246, available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/31982430
page(s): 202 [details]   

original description  (of Pterasterides Verrill, 1909) Verrill, A.E. (1909). Remarkable development of starfishes on the Northwest American coast; hybridism; multiplicity of rays; teratology; problems in evolution; geographical distribution. <em>American Naturalist.</em> 43(513): 542-555., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/43286584
page(s): 547 [details]   

original description  (of Retaster Perrier, 1878) Sladen, W.P. (1889). Report on the Asteroidea. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 30 (part 51): xlii + 893 pages, 118 plates., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-51/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Pteraster (Temnaster) Verrill, 1894) Verrill, A. E. (1894). Descriptions of new species of starfishes and ophiurans, with a revision of certain species formerly described; mostly from the collections made by the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries. <em>Proceedings of the United States National Museum.</em> 17(1000), 245-297., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15675247
page(s): 275 [details]   

original description  (of Lophopteraster Verrill, 1895) Verrill, A.E. (1895). Distribution of the Echinoderms of Northeastern America. <em>American Journal of Science.</em> ser. 3 v.49: 199-212., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/40168844
page(s): 202 [details]   

original description  (of Pteraster (Apterodon) Fisher, 1940) Fisher, W.K. (1940). Asteroidea. Discovery Reports 20: 69-306., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5609973
page(s): 193 [details]   

original description  (of Pteraster (Retaster) Perrier, 1878) Perrier, E. (1878). Etude sur la repartition geographique des Asterides. <em>Nouvelles archives du Muséum d'histoire naturelle.</em> 2(1): 1-108., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/36857815
page(s): 56 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Apterodon Fisher, 1940) Fisher, W.K. (1940). Asteroidea. Discovery Reports 20: 69-306., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/5609973
page(s): 193 [details]   

original description  (of Pteraster (Pteraster) Müller & Troschel, 1842) Müller, J. and Troschel, F. H. (1842). System der Asteriden.1. Asteriae. 2. Ophiuridae. <em>Vieweg: Braunschweig.</em> xxx+134 pp. 12 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/44159
page(s): 127 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Hansson, H.G. (2001). Echinodermata, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i>. 50: pp. 336-351. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Hansson, H. G. (1998). NEAT (North East Atlantic Taxa): Scandinavian Echinodermata Check-List (Comp.). , available online at http://www.tmbl.gu.se/libdb/taxon/neat_pdf/NEAT*Echinodermata.pdf [details]   

additional source Clark, A. M. (1996). An index of names of recent Asteroidea, part 3. Velatida and Spinulosida. <em>In: Jangoux, M.; Lawrence, J.M. (Ed.) (1996). Echinoderm Studies.</em> 5: 183-250. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
   

From editor or global species database
Status The status of the subgenera proposed by Fisher (1940) needs reassessment. A.M. Clark (1989: 205) treats the absence of webbing on the oral spines as of supraspecific weight but Downey (1992) does not agree and treats Pteraster stoibe H.L. Clark (1941) without webbing, as a subspecies of P. militaroides, which does have webs linking the oral spines of each plate. Downey notes that the absence of webbing in the holotype of stoibe might be an artefact of preservation but in other species of Apterodon, this appears to be the natural condition.

As a compromise, rather then segregate the species listed as Pteraster (Retaster) and Pteraster (Apterodon) by Fisher (1940) or subsequently referred to these subgenera, all are included under the heading of Pteraster[details]

From other sources
Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
LanguageName 
English slime stars  [details]
Japanese マクヒトデ属  [details]
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