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McIntosh, William Carmichael. (1904). Marine annelids (Polychaeta) of South Africa. Part I. Marine Investigations in South Africa, Cape Town. 3: 17-56, plates I-IV [Published 5th February, 1904].
McIntosh, William Carmichael
Marine annelids (Polychaeta) of South Africa. Part I.
Marine Investigations in South Africa, Cape Town
3: 17-56, plates I-IV [Published 5th February, 1904]
World Polychaeta Database (WPolyDb)
Published 5th February, 1904
[From Introduction:]
Previous to 1861, little was known of South African Annelids. During the three centuries which had elapsed since the skilful Portuguese navigator, Bartholomew Diaz, made Europeans acquainted with the Cape of Good Hope, or, even during the somewhat shorter period since his countryman, Vasco de Gama, rounded the Cape, this group of marine invertebrates remained in obscurity. It is true that Pallas made known, by the aid of intelligent ship-captains and others, a few of its Annelids, such as Pectiuaria capensis and Lepidonotus Wahlbergi (which he included under Lepidonotus squamatus — his Aphrodita squamata, and a form closely allied to Lepidonotus clava, Montagu). In 1854, an account of some Annelids, from the east coast at Mozambique, was published by W. C. H. Peters, but the descriptions are not sufficiently minute for accurate diagnosis. It was not, however, till the publication of Schmarda's work, in 1861, that the richness of the region in this group was disclosed. The Austrian naturalist described no less than about 50 Marine Annelids (Polychaeta) from the Cape, and everyone of which he made a new species. About 18 families of Annelids were represented in this treatise, which marked an era in the literature of the subject. Unfortunately, the inferiority of his instruments, or the lack of artistic accuracy in delineating structure, makes it no easy task to diagnose some of the species, though the majority are recognizable — either by description or figures. Kinberg further added to the information concerning the Annelids of the region, including Port Natal, in his account of those collected during the voyage of the Swedish frigate "Eugenia." A few others were described by Grube from the Austrian "Novara" Expedition. The voyage of the German Exploring Ship "Gazelle," enabled Grube to extend his list of African Annelids — mostly from the region of the Congo and West Africa, but also from Table Bay at the Cape. Amongst these were several European forms, such as Sigalion Edwardsi (Madeira), Glycera convoluta, Keferstein, and Pista cristata, O. F. Müller. The "Challenger," again, considerably extended the information on the subject by obtaining 23 species, nine of which were dredged south of the Cape, in 98 to 150 fathoms, and the rest were collected between tide-marks at Sea Point, Cape Town, and at Simon's Bay.
South Africa
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
2018-11-30 13:45:56Z