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Maldonado, M. (2002). Family Pachastrellidae Carter, 1875. Pp.141-162. In: Hooper, J.N.A., van Soest,R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York. 1708+xvliii, ISBN 0-306-47260-0.
6841
Maldonado, M.
2002
Family Pachastrellidae Carter, 1875. Pp.141-162. <i>In</i>: Hooper, J.N.A., van Soest,R.W.M. (eds) Systema Porifera. A Guide to the Classification of Sponges (2 volumes). Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publ., New York
1708+xvliii, ISBN 0-306-47260-0
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The PDF supplied here is a proof - NOT the definitive printed text - of a chapter of the Systema Porifera
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Pachastrellidae Carter (Demospongiae: Astrophorida), including Theneidae Carter, contains 12 valid genera and 2 subgenera. Most genera contain cup-like, massive, and submassive species and are distributed from tropical to high latitudes, mostly in epibathyal and bathyal habitats. A few genera also include encrusting or cavity-filling forms found predominantly in tropical or temperate shallow-water habitats. This astrophorid family is defined by the possession of tetraxons (calthrops, short-shafted triaenes, mesotriaene-derived desmas, or longshafted triaenes) in combination with streptasters (never euasters) and in most cases by monaxonic microscleres (Le., microxeas, microstyles and microstrongyles). The microscleres are densely packed at the ectosome forming a feltwork. The relationship between genera possessing a typical pachastrellid skeleton and some genera bearing tetraxial desmas other than mesotriaene-derived desmas (mesotriders), which have traditional been included in Lithistida, is still a matter of contention.
Systematics, Taxonomy
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2013-01-12 18:30:12Z
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Acanthotriaena Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 (basis of record)
Acanthotriaena crypta Vacelet, Vasseur & Lévi, 1976 (basis of record)
Annulastrella Maldonado, 2002 (original description)
Calcabrina plicata (Schmidt, 1868) accepted as Dercitus (Stoeba) plicatus (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Characella Sollas, 1886 (basis of record)
Characella pachastrelloides (Carter, 1876) (basis of record)
Chelotropaena Lendenfeld, 1907 accepted as Poecillastra Sollas, 1888 (basis of record)
Chelotropaena tenuirhabda Lendenfeld, 1907 accepted as Poecillastra tenuirhabda (Lendenfeld, 1907) (basis of record)
Dercitus Gray, 1867 (additional source)
Nethea Sollas, 1888 (basis of record)
Nethea amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) (basis of record)
Normania Bowerbank, 1869 accepted as Poecillastra Sollas, 1888 (basis of record)
Pachastrella Schmidt, 1868 (basis of record)
Pachastrella exostotica Schmidt, 1868 accepted as Dercitus (Halinastra) exostoticus (Schmidt, 1868) (additional source)
Pachastrella monilifera Schmidt, 1868 (basis of record)
Pachastrella ovisternata Lendenfeld, 1894 (basis of record)
Pachastrellidae Carter, 1875 (additional source)
Poecillastra Sollas, 1888 (basis of record)
Poecillastra amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) accepted as Nethea amygdaloides (Carter, 1876) (basis of record)
Poecillastra compressa (Bowerbank, 1866) (basis of record)
Sphinctrella Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Vulcanella Sollas, 1886 (basis of record)
Sphinctrella horrida Schmidt, 1870 accepted as Vulcanella horrida (Schmidt, 1870) (basis of record)
Stoeba Sollas, 1888 accepted as Dercitus (Stoeba) Sollas, 1888 (additional source)
Thenea Gray, 1867 (basis of record)
Thenea muricata (Bowerbank, 1858) (basis of record)
Theneidae Gray, 1872 (basis of record)
Triptolemma Laubenfels, 1955 (basis of record)
Triptolemma intextum (Carter, 1876) (basis of record)
Triptolemma simplex (Sarà, 1959) (basis of record)
Vulcanella Sollas, 1886 (basis of record)
Vulcanella (Annulastrella) Maldonado, 2002 accepted as Annulastrella Maldonado, 2002 (original description)
Vulcanella (Annulastrella) ornata (Sollas, 1888) accepted as Annulastrella ornata (Sollas, 1888) (basis of record)
Vulcanella (Annulastrella) schmidti Maldonado, 2002 accepted as Annulastrella schmidti Maldonado, 2002 (original description)
Vulcanella (Annulastrella) verrucolosa (Pulitzer-Finali, 1983) accepted as Annulastrella verrucolosa (Pulitzer-Finali, 1983) (basis of record)
Vulcanella (Vulcanella) Sollas, 1886 accepted as Vulcanella Sollas, 1886 (basis of record)