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Metridium de Blainville, 1824

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De Blainville, H.M.D. (1824). Mollusques, Vers et Zoophytes. <em>Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles.</em> 30., available online at
page(s): 470 [details]   
Rodríguez, E.; Fautin, D; Daly, M. (2024). World List of Actiniaria. Metridium de Blainville, 1824. Accessed through: Odido, M.; Appeltans, W.; BelHassen, M.; Mussai, P.; Nsiangango, S.E.; Vandepitte, L.; Wambiji, N.; Zamouri, N. Jiddou, A.M. (Eds) (2024) African Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-04-17
Odido, M.; Appeltans, W.; BelHassen, M.; Mussai, P.; Nsiangango, S.E.; Vandepitte, L.; Wambiji, N.; Zamouri, N. Jiddou, A.M. (Eds) (2024). African Register of Marine Species. Metridium de Blainville, 1824. Accessed at: on 2024-04-17
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
2005-04-07 07:57:24Z
2009-09-01 14:40:36Z
2015-10-06 13:36:17Z

original description De Blainville, H.M.D. (1824). Mollusques, Vers et Zoophytes. <em>Dictionnaire des Sciences naturelles.</em> 30., available online at
page(s): 470 [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J.; den Hartog, J.H. (2001). Actiniaria, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 106-109 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Doumenc D. & Foubert A. (1984). Microinformatique et taxonomie des actinies: Cle mondiale des genres. Annales de l'Institut Océanographique, 60, 1, 43-86.
page(s): 53, 58, 65, 67, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84 [details]   

additional source Krijgsman, B.J. & F.H. Talbot, 1953. Experiments on digestion in sea-anemones. Arch. Intern. Physiol. 61 3: 277-291.
page(s): 278, 279 [details]   

additional source Hayward, P.J. & J.S. Ryland (Eds.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. <em>Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK.</em> 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Daly, M.M., Fautin D.G., Cappola V.A., 2003. Systematics of the Hexacorallia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 139 3: 419-437.
page(s): 424-428, 430 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available 

additional source Oken, L. (1815-1816). Lehrbuch der Naturgeschichte. Dritter Theil: Zoologie. <em>Erste Abtheilung: Fleischlose Thiere,Leipzig: C.H. Reclam & Jena: A. Schmid, [book (3rd vol part one, of 3 vols, including plates atlas of T.1, 1813].</em> xxviii + 842 pp. + xviii, 40 pls. L [copepods 180-184, 357-359, 4 plates]., available online at
page(s): 349-350 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Gravenhorst I.L.C. (1831). Tergestina, oder Beobachtungen und Untersuchungen über einige bei Triest im Meere lebende Arten der Gattungen <i>Octopus, Doris, Pinna, Ascidia, Serpula, Echinus, Asterias, Ophiura, Holothuria, Actinia, Caryophyllia, Actinotus</i>. <i>Breslau [Wroclaw], W.G. Korn. 166 p.</i>: , available online at
page(s): 112 [details]   

additional source McClendon, J.F. (1911). On adaptations in structure and habits of some marine animals of Tortugas, Florida. <em>Papers from the Tortugas Laboratory of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 3: 57-62, pls. 1-2.
page(s): 57, 61 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Verrill AE. (1869). Synopsis of the polyps and corals of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under Commodore C. Ringgold and Capt. John Rodgers, U.S.N., from 1853 to 1856. Collected by Dr. Wm. Stimpson, Naturalist to the Expedition. <em>Communications of the Essex Institute, Salem.</em> 6 (1): 51-104, pls. 1-2., available online at
page(s): 52 [18] [details]   

additional source Love, M. S.; Yoklavich, M. M.; Black, B. A.; Andrews, A. H. (2007). Age of black coral (Antipathes dendrochristos) colonies, with notes on associated invertebrate species. <em>Bulletin of Marine Science.</em> 80(2): 391-399.
page(s): 395, 396 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1949). A survey of the Ptychodactiaria, Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria. <em>Kungliga Svenska Vet- enskapsakadamiens Handlingar.</em> 1: 1–121.
page(s): 106 [details]   

additional source Manuel, R. L. (1977). A redescription of Edwardsia beautempsi and E. timida (Actiniaria: Edwardsidae). Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 18, 483-497
page(s): 487 [details]   

additional source Averincev, V. G. (1967). Actiniaria of the Possjet Bay of the Sea of Japan. Acad. Sci. USSR, Zool. Inst., volume 5, pp. 62-77
page(s): 75-76 [details]   

additional source Duerden, J. E. (1902). Report on the actinians of Porto Rico [Investigations of the aquatic resources and fisheries of Porto Rico by the U.S. Fish Commission Steamer Fish Hawk in 1899]. Bulletin of the U.S. Fisheries Commission, 20, 2, 323-374
page(s): 358 [details]   

additional source Gosse, P. H. (1855). Description of Peachia hastata, a new genus and species of the class Zoophyta, with observations on the family Actiniadae. Transactions of the Linnean Society (London), 21, 267-276
page(s): 271 [details]   

additional source Tenney, A. A.; Tenney, S. (1875). Natural History of Animals. Containing Brief Descriptions of the Animals Figured on Tenney's Natural History Tablets, but Complete without the Tablets. Scribner, Armstrong & Co. New York., edition 7th, pp. 261.
page(s): 244 [details]   

additional source Carlgren, O. (1945). Further contributions to the knowledge of the cnidom in the Anthozoa especially in the Actiniaria. Kungliga Fysiografiska Sällskapets Handlingar, 56, N.F., (9): 1-24
page(s): 23 [details]   

additional source Field, L. R. (1949). Sea Anemones and Corals of Beaufort, North Carolina. Duke University Press. Durham., pp. 39.
page(s): 20 [details]   

additional source Fautin, D. G. (1984). More Antarctic and Subantarctic sea anemones (Coelenterata: Corallimorpharia and Actiniaria). Antarctic Research Series, 41, 1-42
page(s): 22 [details]   

additional source Fautin, D. G.; Kozloff, E. N.; Siebert, A. E. (1987). Phylum Cnidaria - Class Anthozoa. University of Washington Press. Seattle and London., pp. 68-78
page(s): 74-75, 78 [details]   

additional source Fautin, D. G.; Bucklin, A. (1988). Anthozoan dominated benthic environments. volume 3, pp. 231-236
page(s): 231 [details]   

additional source Hand, C. H. (1976). Redescription of the sea anemone Phellia aucklandica (Actiniaria: Sagartiidae) from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 9(4): 529-538
page(s): 537 [details]   

additional source Pax, F. (1923). Antarktische Aktinien aus der Ausbeute des ?Pourquoi pas". Zoologische Jahrbücher Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere, 47(1-3): 1-28
page(s): 14 [details]   

additional source Melville, R. V.; Smith, J. D. D. (1987). Official Lists and Indexes of Names and Works in Zoology. The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature. London., edition 1, pp. 366.
page(s): 21, 126, 290, 321 [details]   

additional source Kostina, E. E. (1988). Biogeographical characteristics of sea anemones of the Pacific boreal region. Biologiya Morya, 1988(3): 14-21
page(s): 19 [details]   

additional source Schmidt, H. (1972). Die Nesselkapseln der Anthozoen und ihre Bedeutung fur die phylogenetische Systematik. Helgoländer Wissenschaftliche Meeresuntersuchungen, 23, 422-458
page(s): 448 [details]   

additional source McFadden, C. S.; Grosberg, R. K.; Cameron, B. B.; Karlton, D. P.; Secord, D. (1997). Genetic relationships within and between clonal and solitary forms of the sea anemone Anthopleura elegantissima revisited: evidence for the existence of two species. Marine Biology, 128, 127-139
page(s): 127 [details]   

additional source Belém, M. J. D.; Preslercravo, J. da Cruz (1973). Contribuições ao conhecimento da fauna de cnidarios do Espírito Santo, Brasil I - Considerações sóbre Actiniaria do Município de Aracruz, E. S. Boletim do Museu de Biologia Prof. Mello Leitao, zoologia, (80): 1-14
page(s): 8 [details]   

additional source Torrey, H. B. (1904). On the habits and reactions of Sagartia davisi. Biological Bulletin, VI(5): 203-216
page(s): 207, 210, 215 [details]   

additional source Torrey, H. B.; Mery, J. R. (1904). Regeneration and non-sexual reproduction in Sagartia davisi. University of California Publications in Zoology, 1(6): 211-226
page(s): 211, 212, 216, 218 [details]   

additional source Hansen, P. A.; Halstead, B. W. (1971). The venomous sea anemone Actinodendron plumosum Haddon of South Vietnam. Micronesica, 7(1-2): 123-136
page(s): 135 [details]   

additional source Rodríguez, E.; Daly, M. (2010). Phylogenetic relationships among deep-sea and chemosynthetic sea anemones: Actinoscyphyiidae and Actinostolidae (Actiniaria: Mesomyaria). Public Library of Science One, 5, 6, 1-8
page(s): 4, 5 [details]   

additional source Medina, M.; Collins, A. G.; Takaoka, T. L.; Kuehl, J. V.; Boore, J. L. (2006). Naked corals: skeleton loss in Scleractinia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 103(24): 9096-9100
page(s): 9097, 9098 [details]   

additional source Kramer, A.; Francis, L. (2004). Predation resistance and nematocyst scaling for Metridium senile and M. farcimen. Biological Bulletin, 207, 130-140
page(s): 131 [details]   

additional source Fautin, D. G.; Zelenchuk, T.; Raveendran, D. (2007). Genera of orders Actiniaria and Corallimorpharia (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Hexacorallia), and their type species. Zootaxa, 1668, 183-244
page(s): 215 [details]   

additional source Steele, R. E.; David, C. N.; Technau, U. (2010). A genomic view of 500 million years of cnidarian evolution. Trends in Genetics, 30(10): 1-7
page(s): 4 [details]   

additional source Rodríguez, E.; Mendoza, M.; Häussermann, V. (2013). New records and resdescription of Halcurias pilatus and Halcurias mcmurrichi (Actiniaria, Endocoelantheae). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 93(8): 2089-2100
page(s): 2097 [details]   

additional source International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (1984). Opinion 1269 (Case 2263): Metridiidae Carlgren Carlgren, 1893 (Anthozoa) and Metridiidae Sars, 1902 (Copepoda): a ruling to eliminate the homonymy. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 41(1): 19-21
page(s): 19, 21 [details]   

additional source Williams, R. B. (1981). The authorship of the family name Metridiidae (Colenterata: Anthozoa) Z.N.(S.) 2263. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature, 38(3): 156-157
page(s): 156 [details]   

additional source Dunn, D. F. (1982). Cnidaria. McGraw-Hill Book Company. New York and other cities., volume 1, pp. 669-706
page(s): 698 [details]   

additional source Lütken, C. (1861). Nogle Bémærkninger om de ved de danske Kyster iagttagne Arter af Aktiniernes Gruppe. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening (Copenhagen), 14, 184-200
page(s): 188 [details]   

additional source Acuña, F. H.; Excoffon, A. C.; Ricci, L. (2007). Composition, biometry and statistical relationships between the cnidom and body size in the sea anemone Oulactis muscosa (Cnidaria: Actiniaria). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 87, 415-419
page(s): 418 [details]   

additional source Delphy, J. (1939). Sur quelques problèmes d' Actinologie. Bulletin du Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle (Paris), XI, 2, (5): 479-483
page(s): 482 [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality