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WoRMS taxon details

Scleronephthya Studer, 1887

205324  (

Paraspongodes Kükenthal, 1895 · unaccepted > junior subjective synonym


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marine, fresh, terrestrial
Studer, T. (1887). Versuch eines Systemes der Alcyonaria. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte.</em> 53(1):1-74., available online at
page(s): 20 [details]   
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Scleronephthya Studer, 1887. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-05-26
2001-02-27 17:40:30Z
2010-09-16 09:11:12Z
2012-12-17 12:43:18Z
2019-05-09 14:53:28Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Studer, T. (1887). Versuch eines Systemes der Alcyonaria. <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte.</em> 53(1):1-74., available online at
page(s): 20 [details]   

original description  (of Paraspongodes Kükenthal, 1895) Kükenthal, W. (1895). Alcyonaceen von Ternate. Fam. Nephthyidae Verrill. <em>Zoologischer Anzeiger.</em> 18(488-489): 426-442., available online at
page(s): 439 [details]   

basis of record Verseveldt, J.; Cohen, J. (1971). Some new species of Octocorallia from the Gulf of Elat (Red Sea). <em>Israel Journal of Zoology.</em> 20: 53-67. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., L. Gershwin, F.J. Brook, P. Pugh, E.W. Dawson, O.V.; Ocaña, W. Vervoort, G. Williams, J.E. Watson, D.M. Opresko, P. Schuchert, P.M. Hine, D.P. Gordon, H.I. Campbell, A.J. Wright, J.A.Sánchez & D.G. Fautin. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Alderslade, P. (2002). A new soft coral genus (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) from Palau. <em>Beagle: Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory, The.</em> 18, 1.
page(s): 3 [details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1983). The Octocorallian genera Spongodes Lesson, Neospongodes Kükenthal and Stereonephthya Kükenthal. <em>Beaufortia.</em> 33(1): 1-13., available online at
page(s): 11 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1960). Noteworthy octocorals collected off the southwest coast of Kii Peninsula, Middle Japan. Part I. Stolonifera and Alcyonacea. <em>Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory.</em> 8(1): 1-26, plates 1-2., available online at
page(s): 22 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1958). A revision of the genera Nidalia and Bellonella with an emendation of nomenclature and taxonomic definitions for the family Nidaliidae (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). <em>Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History), Zoology.</em> 5(5): 101-121., available online at
page(s): 116 [details]   

additional source Utinomi, H. (1960). A revision of the nomenclature of the family Nephtheidae (Octocorallia: Alcyonacea). I. The genera Capnella, Scleronephthya and Chondronephthya (n.g.). <em>Publications of the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory.</em> 8(1): 27-40., available online at [details]   

additional source Fabricius, K.; Alderslade, P. (2001). Soft Corals and Sea Fans: A Comprehensive Guide to the Shallow-water Genera of the Central-West Pacific, the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science. Townsville.</em> pp. 264.
page(s): iv, 45, 46, 51, 110-111, 112, 114, 118 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1989). A review of recent research on the sublittoral coral reefs of northern Natal with a provisional assessment of findings regarding the distribution of octocorals on Two-Mile Reef, Sodwana Bay. South African Journal of Science, 85, 140-141
page(s): 140 [details]   

additional source Hickson, S. J. (1930). On the classification of the Alcyonaria. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, XIV, 229-252
page(s): 245 [details]   

additional source Williams, G. C. (1993). Coral Reef Octocorals: An Illustrated Guide to the Soft Corals, Sea Fans and Sea Pens Inhabiting the Coral Reefs of Northern Natal. Durban Natural Science Museum. Durban., pp. 63.
page(s): 12 [details]   

additional source Imahara, Y. (2006). Preliminary report on the alcyonacean and pennatulacean octocorals collected by the natural history research of the Sagami Sea. Memoirs of the National Science Museum (Tokyo) [Kokuritsu Kagaku Hakubutsukan], 40, 91-101
page(s): 98 [details]   

additional source Hickson, S. J. (1908). On the systematic position of Eunephthya maldivensis Hickson. Zoologischer Anzeiger, 33(5-6): 173-176
page(s): 173 [details]   
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 


Japanese ベニトサカ属  [details]