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WoRMS taxon details

Xenia membranacea Schenk, 1896

210012  (

Heteroxenia membranacea (Schenk, 1896) · unaccepted (changed combination)
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Schenk, A. (1896). Clavulariiden, Xeniiden und Alcyoniiden von Ternate. <em>Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft.</em> 23(1): 41-80, plates 2-4., available online at
page(s): 60-62 [details]   
McFadden, C.S.; Cordeiro, R.; Williams, G.; van Ofwegen, L. (2024). World List of Octocorallia. Xenia membranacea Schenk, 1896. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: on 2024-05-26
1997-10-30 10:47:35Z
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
2010-09-16 09:11:12Z

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

original description Schenk, A. (1896). Clavulariiden, Xeniiden und Alcyoniiden von Ternate. <em>Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft.</em> 23(1): 41-80, plates 2-4., available online at
page(s): 60-62 [details]   

context source (Hexacorallia) Fautin, Daphne G. (2013). Hexacorallians of the World. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record Vine, P. (1986). Red Sea Invertebrates. Immel Publishing, London. 224 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source van Ofwegen, L.P., S.D. Cairns & J. van der Land (eds). (2000-2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Benayahu, Y. (1995). Species composition of soft corals (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea) on the coral reefs of Sesoko Island, Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. <em>Galaxea.</em> 12: 103–124.
page(s): 119 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G.B. (1997). Xeniidae (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) of the Red Sea, with descriptions of six new species of Xenia. <em>Fauna of Saudi Arabia.</em> 16: 5-62.
page(s): 50-51 [details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1977). Australian Octocorallia (Coelenterata). <em>Australian Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research.</em> 28: 171-240.
page(s): 176 [details]   

additional source Benayahu, Y. (1990). Xeniidae (Cnidaria: Octocorallia) from the Red Sea, with the description of a new species. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden.</em> 64(9): 113-120.
page(s): 118 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Verseveldt, J.; Benayahu, Y. (1978). Descriptions of one old and five new species of Alcyonacea (Coelenterata: Octocorallia) from the Red Sea. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden.</em> 53(6): 57-74.
page(s): 58 [details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1977). Octocorallia from various localities in the Pacific Ocean. <em>Zoologische Verhandelingen Leiden.</em> 150: 1-42, plates 1-10.
page(s): 3 [details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1974). Octocorallia from New Caledonia. <em>Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden.</em> 48(12): 95-122, plates 1-5.
page(s): 96 [details]   

additional source Thomson, J.A.; Henderson, W.D. (1906). The marine fauna of Zanzibar and British East Africa, from collections made by Cyril Crossland, M.A., B.Sc., F.Z.S., in the years 1901 and 1902 -- Alcyonaria. <em>Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London.</em> 1906, 393-442, plates 26-31., available online at
page(s): 412 [details]   

additional source Reinicke, G.B. (1995). Xeniidae des Roten Meeres (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). <em>Beitrage zur Systematik und Okologie.</em> 6: 1-193.
page(s): 48 [details]   

additional source Verseveldt, J. (1960). Biological results of the Snellius expedition. XX. Octocorallia from the Malay Archipelago (Part I). <em>Temminckia.</em> 10: 209-251, plate 7.
page(s): 244-246 [details]   

additional source May, W. (1899). Beitrage zur Systematik und Chorologie der Alcyonaceen. <em>Jenaische Zeitschrift fur Naturwissenschaft.</em> 33: 1-180.
page(s): 86 [details]   

additional source Tixier-Durivault, A. (1970). Les Octocoralliaires de Nouvelle-Calédonie. <em>L'Expédition française sur les récifs coralliens de la Nouvelle-Calédonie organisée sous l'égide de la fondation Singer-Polignac 1960-1963.</em> 4: 171-350.
page(s): 323 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Roxas, H.A. (1933). Philippine Alcyonaria. The families Cornulariidae and Xeniidae. <em>The Philippine Journal of Science.</em> 50: 49-110.
page(s): 90 [details]   

additional source Kükenthal, W. (1902). Versuch einer Revision der Alcyonarien. I. Die Familie der Xeniiden. <em>Zoologische Jahrbucher Jena.</em> 15: 635-662.
page(s): 654 [details]   

additional source Gohar, H.A.F. (1940). Studies on the Xeniidae of the Red Sea: their ecology, physiology, taxonomy and phylogeny. <em>Publications of the Marine Biological Station, Ghardaqa (Red Sea).</em> 2: 25-118, plates 1-7.
page(s): 81 [details]   

additional source van Ofwegen, L.P. (1996). Octocorallia from the Bismarck Sea (part II). <em>Zoologische Mededelingen Leiden.</em> 70(13): 207-215.
page(s): 210 [details]   

additional source Ashworth, J.H. (1900). Report on the Xeniidae collected by Dr. Willey. <em>Zoological results based on material from New Britain, New Guinea, Loyalty Islands and elsewhere, collected during the years 1895, 1896, and 1897.</em> 4: 509-530, plates 52-53., available online at
page(s): 512-513 [details]   

additional source Thomson, J.A.; Dean, L.M.I. (1931). The Alcyonacea of the Siboga expedition with an addendum to the Gorgonacea. <em>Siboga Expeditie.</em> XIIId: 1-227, plates 1-28.
page(s): 31 [details]   

additional source Imahara, Y. (1996). Previously recorded octocorals from Japan and adjacent seas. Precious Corals and Octocoral Research, 4-mei, 17-44
page(s): 27 [details]   

additional source Benayahu, Y. (1991). Reproduction and developmental pathways of Red Sea Xeniidae (Octocorallia, Alcyonacea). Hydrobiologia, 216/217, 125-130
page(s): 126 [details]   

redescription Halász, A.; McFadden, C.S.; Toonen, R.; Benayahu, Y. (2019). Re-description of type material of Xenia Lamarck, 1816 (Octocorallia: Xeniidae). <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4652(2): 201-239.
page(s): 217-218 [details]   
 Present  Present in aphia/obis/gbif/idigbio   Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 

Nontype FLMH 37 [details]
Nontype NMW C.16615, geounit Egyptian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH 23901, geounit Sudanese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype RMNH, geounit New Caledonian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Nontype ZMH C11571, geounit Egyptian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Syntype SMF 41, geounit Indonesian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]