WoRMS taxon details

Leiognathidae Gill, 1893

125542  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:125542)

accepted
Family
Genus Aurigequula Fowler, 1918
Genus Deveximentum Fowler, 1904
Genus Equulites Fowler, 1904
  » Species Equulites absconditus Chakrabarty & Sparks, 2010
  » Species Equulites aethopos Suzuki & Kimura, 2017
  » Species Equulites antongil (Sparks, 2006)
  » Species Equulites elongatus (Günther, 1874)
  » Species Equulites klunzingeri (Steindachner, 1898)
  » Species Equulites laterofenestra (Sparks & Chakrabarty, 2007)
  » Species Equulites leuciscus (Günther, 1860)
  » Species Equulites lineolatus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equulites moretoniensis (Ogilby, 1912)
  » Species Equulites oblongus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equulites rivulatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)
  » Species Equulites stercorarius (Evermann & Seale, 1907)
  » Species Equulites novaehollandiae Staeindachner, 1879 accepted as Equulites leuciscus (Günther, 1860) (synonym)
Genus Eubleekeria Fowler, 1904
Genus Gazza Rüppell, 1835
  » Species Gazza achlamys Jordan & Starks, 1917
  » Species Gazza dentex (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795)
  » Species Gazza rhombea Kimura, Yamashita & Iwatsuki, 2000
  » Species Gazza squamiventralis Yamashita & Kimura, 2001
  » Species Gazza argentaria (Forster, 1801) accepted as Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795)
  » Species Gazza dispar (De Vis, 1884) accepted as Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795)
  » Species Gazza equulaeformis Rüppell, 1835 accepted as Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795)
  » Species Gazza equulasformis Rüppell, 1835 accepted as Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795) (misspelling)
  » Species Gazza equuleformis Rüppell, 1835 accepted as Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795) (misspelling)
  » Species Gazza minuata (Bloch, 1795) accepted as Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795) (misspelling)
  » Species Gazza shettyi Jayabalan, 1986 accepted as Gazza achlamys Jordan & Starks, 1917
  » Species Gazza tapeinosoma Bleeker, 1853 accepted as Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795)
Subfamily Gazzinae Chakrabarty & Sparks, 2015
Genus Karalla Chakrabarty & Sparks, 2008
Genus Leiognathus Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Leiognathus aureus Abe & Haneda, 1972
  » Species Leiognathus berbis (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Leiognathus bindoides (Bleeker, 1851)
  » Species Leiognathus brevirostris (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Leiognathus equula (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Leiognathus longispinis (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Leiognathus parviceps (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Leiognathus robustus Sparks & Dunlap, 2004
  » Species Leiognathus striatus James & Badrudeen, 1991
  » Species Leiognathus argenteus Lacepède, 1802 accepted as Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Leiognathus bindus (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Photopectoralis bindus (Valenciennes, 1835) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus blochi (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Nuchequula blochii (Valenciennes, 1835) (misspelling)
  » Species Leiognathus blochii (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Nuchequula blochii (Valenciennes, 1835) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus daura (Cuvier, 1829) accepted as Karalla daura (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Leiognathus decorus (De Vis, 1884) accepted as Nuchequula gerreoides (Bleeker, 1851) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus devisi Whitley, 1929 accepted as Eubleekeria splendens (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Leiognathus dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Karalla dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Leiognathus edentulus (Bloch, 1795) accepted as Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Leiognathus edwardsi Evermann & Seale, 1907 accepted as Equulites leuciscus (Günther, 1860)
  » Species Leiognathus elongatus (Günther, 1874) accepted as Equulites elongatus (Günther, 1874) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus elongatus Smith & Pope, 1906 accepted as Equulites elongatus (Günther, 1874)
  » Species Leiognathus elongus (Günther, 1874) accepted as Equulites elongatus (Günther, 1874) (misspelling)
  » Species Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775) accepted as Leiognathus equula (Forsskål, 1775) (Specific epithet 'equula' a noun in apposition: no gender agreement)
  » Species Leiognathus fasciatus (Lacepède, 1803) accepted as Aurigequula fasciata (Lacepède, 1803) (Superseded original combination)
  » Species Leiognathus gerroides (Bleeker, 1851) accepted as Karalla daura (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Leiognathus hatai Abe & Haneda, 1972 accepted as Photopectoralis hataii (Abe & Haneda, 1972) (misspelling)
  » Species Leiognathus hataii Abe & Haneda, 1972 accepted as Photopectoralis hataii (Abe & Haneda, 1972)
  » Species Leiognathus indicus Singh & Talwar, 1978 accepted as Eubleekeria rapsoni (Munro, 1964) (Synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus insidiator (Bloch, 1787) accepted as Secutor insidiator (Bloch, 1787)
  » Species Leiognathus jonesi James, 1971 accepted as Eubleekeria jonesi (James, 1971)
  » Species Leiognathus klunzingeri (Steindachner, 1898) accepted as Equulites klunzingeri (Steindachner, 1898) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus kupanensis Kimura & Peristiwady, 2005 accepted as Eubleekeria kupanensis (Kimura & Peristiwady, 2005) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus leuciscus (Günther, 1860) accepted as Equulites leuciscus (Günther, 1860) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus lineolatus (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Equulites lineolatus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Leiognathus mediterraneus Rhasis Erazi, 1943 accepted as Equulites klunzingeri (Steindachner, 1898)
  » Species Leiognathus moretoniensis Ogilby, 1912 accepted as Equulites moretoniensis (Ogilby, 1912) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus nuchalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) accepted as Nuchequula nuchalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus nucleasis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) accepted as Nuchequula nuchalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) (misspelling)
  » Species Leiognathus oblongus (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Equulites oblongus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Leiognathus obscura Seale, 1901 accepted as Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Leiognathus ovalis (De Vis, 1884) accepted as Eubleekeria splendens (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Leiognathus pan Wongratana, 1988 accepted as Nuchequula blochii (Valenciennes, 1835) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus panayensis Kimura & Dunlap, 2003 accepted as Photopectoralis panayensis (Kimura & Dunlap, 2003)
  » Species Leiognathus philippinus Fowler, 1918 accepted as Eubleekeria splendens (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Leiognathus popei (Whitley, 1932) accepted as Equulites elongatus (Günther, 1874)
  » Species Leiognathus rapsoni Munro, 1964 accepted as Eubleekeria rapsoni (Munro, 1964) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus rivulatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) accepted as Equulites rivulatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus ruconius (Hamilton, 1822) accepted as Secutor ruconius (Hamilton, 1822)
  » Species Leiognathus smithursti (Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886) accepted as Leiognathus longispinis (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Leiognathus spilotus Fowler, 1904 accepted as Eubleekeria splendens (Cuvier, 1829) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus splendens (Cuvier, 1829) accepted as Eubleekeria splendens (Cuvier, 1829) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus stercorarius Evermann & Seale, 1907 accepted as Equulites stercorarius (Evermann & Seale, 1907) (synonym)
  » Species Leiognathus vermiculatus Fowler, 1904 accepted as Equulites leuciscus (Günther, 1860)
  » Species Leiognathus virgatus Fowler, 1904 accepted as Photopectoralis bindus (Valenciennes, 1835)
Genus Nuchequula Whitley, 1932
Genus Photopectoralis Sparks, Dunlap & Smith, 2005
Genus Secutor Gistel, 1848
  » Species Secutor hanedai Mochizuki & Hayashi, 1989
  » Species Secutor indicius Monkolprasit, 1973
  » Species Secutor insidiator (Bloch, 1787)
  » Species Secutor interruptus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Secutor mazavasaoka Baldwin & Sparks, 2011
  » Species Secutor megalolepis Mochizuki & Hayashi, 1989
  » Species Secutor ruconius (Hamilton, 1822)
  » Species Secutor indicus Monkolprasit, 1973 accepted as Secutor indicius Monkolprasit, 1973 (misspelling)
  » Species Secutor insiadiator (Bloch, 1787) accepted as Secutor insidiator (Bloch, 1787) (misspelling)
  » Species Secutor insidator (Bloch, 1787) accepted as Secutor insidiator (Bloch, 1787) (misspelling)
  » Species Secutor insidiatur (Bloch, 1787) accepted as Secutor insidiator (Bloch, 1787) (misspelling)
  » Species Secutor ruconeus (Hamilton, 1822) accepted as Secutor ruconius (Hamilton, 1822) (misspelling)

Genus Goomorah accepted as Eubleekeria Fowler, 1904 (nomen dubium)

Genus Equla accepted as Equula Cuvier, 1815 (misspelling)
Genus Equula Cuvier, 1815 accepted as Leiognathus Lacepède, 1802
  » Species Equula argentea De Vis, 1884 accepted as Eubleekeria splendens (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Equula asina De Vis, 1884 accepted as Aurigequula fasciata (Lacepède, 1803)
  » Species Equula berbis Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Leiognathus berbis (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula bindoides Bleeker, 1851 accepted as Leiognathus bindoides (Bleeker, 1851)
  » Species Equula bindus Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Photopectoralis bindus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula blochii Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Nuchequula blochii (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula brevirostris Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Leiognathus brevirostris (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula caballa Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Equula cara Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Aurigequula fasciata (Lacepède, 1803) (synonym)
  » Species Equula dacer Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Karalla daura (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Equula daura Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Karalla daura (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Equula decora De Vis, 1884 accepted as Nuchequula gerreoides (Bleeker, 1851)
  » Species Equula dentex Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Gazza dentex (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula dispar De Vis, 1884 accepted as Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795)
  » Species Equula dussumieri Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Karalla dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula edentula (Bloch, 1795) accepted as Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Equula elongata Günther, 1874 accepted as Equulites elongatus (Günther, 1874)
  » Species Equula ensifera Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775)
  » Species Equula fasciata (Lacepède, 1803) accepted as Leiognathus fasciatus (Lacepède, 1803)
  » Species Equula filigera Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Aurigequula fasciata (Lacepède, 1803) (synonym)
  » Species Equula gerreoides Bleeker, 1851 accepted as Nuchequula gerreoides (Bleeker, 1851) (synonym)
  » Species Equula gomorah Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Eubleekeria splendens (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Equula insidiator (Bloch, 1787) accepted as Secutor insidiator (Bloch, 1787)
  » Species Equula insidiatrix (Bloch, 1787) accepted as Secutor insidiator (Bloch, 1787) (misspelling)
  » Species Equula interrupta Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Secutor interruptus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula klunzingeri Steindachner, 1898 accepted as Equulites klunzingeri (Steindachner, 1898)
  » Species Equula leuciscus Günther, 1860 accepted as Equulites leuciscus (Günther, 1860)
  » Species Equula lineolata Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Equulites lineolatus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula longimana Cantor, 1849 accepted as Pentaprion longimanus (Cantor, 1849)
  » Species Equula longimanus Cantor, 1849 accepted as Pentaprion longimanus (Cantor, 1849)
  » Species Equula longispina De Vis, 1884 accepted as Equulites leuciscus (Günther, 1860)
  » Species Equula longispinis Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Leiognathus longispinis (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula minuta (Bloch, 1795) accepted as Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795)
  » Species Equula nuchalis Temminck & Schlegel, 1845 accepted as Nuchequula nuchalis (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)
  » Species Equula oblonga Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Equulites oblongus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula ovalis De Vis, 1884 accepted as Eubleekeria splendens (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Equula ovata Swainson, 1839 accepted as Chanda nama Hamilton, 1822
  » Species Equula parviceps Valenciennes, 1835 accepted as Leiognathus parviceps (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula profunda De Vis, 1884 accepted as Secutor interruptus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula rivulata Temminck & Schlegel, 1845 accepted as Equulites rivulatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845)
  » Species Equula ruconia (Hamilton, 1822) accepted as Secutor ruconius (Hamilton, 1822)
  » Species Equula ruconius (Hamilton, 1822) accepted as Secutor ruconius (Hamilton, 1822)
  » Species Equula serrulifera Richardson, 1848 accepted as Aurigequula fasciata (Lacepède, 1803) (synonym)
  » Species Equula simplex De Vis, 1884 accepted as Eubleekeria splendens (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Equula smithursti Ramsay & Ogilby, 1886 accepted as Leiognathus longispinis (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Equula splendens Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Eubleekeria splendens (Cuvier, 1829)
  » Species Equula totta Cuvier, 1829 accepted as Leiognathus equulus (Forsskål, 1775)
Genus Gaza accepted as Gazza Rüppell, 1835 (misspelling)
  » Species Gaza minuta (Bloch, 1795) accepted as Gazza minuta (Bloch, 1795) (misspelling)
Genus Leiognatus accepted as Leiognathus Lacepède, 1802 (misspelling)
Genus Leognathus accepted as Leiognathus Lacepède, 1802 (misspelling)
Genus Liognathus accepted as Leiognathus Lacepède, 1802 (misspelling)
Genus Macilentichthys Whitley, 1932 accepted as Leiognathus Lacepède, 1802
Genus Photoplagios Sparks, Dunlap & Smith, 2005 accepted as Equulites Fowler, 1904
  » Species Photoplagios antongil Sparks, 2006 accepted as Equulites antongil (Sparks, 2006) (synonym)
  » Species Photoplagios elongatus (Günther, 1874) accepted as Equulites elongatus (Günther, 1874) (synonym)
  » Species Photoplagios klunzingeri (Steindachner, 1898) accepted as Equulites klunzingeri (Steindachner, 1898) (synonym)
  » Species Photoplagios laterofenestra Sparks & Chakrabarty, 2007 accepted as Equulites laterofenestra (Sparks & Chakrabarty, 2007) (synonym)
  » Species Photoplagios leuciscus (Günther, 1860) accepted as Equulites leuciscus (Günther, 1860) (synonym)
  » Species Photoplagios lineolatus (Valenciennes, 1835) accepted as Equulites lineolatus (Valenciennes, 1835)
  » Species Photoplagios moretoniensis (Ogilby, 1912) accepted as Equulites moretoniensis (Ogilby, 1912) (synonym)
  » Species Photoplagios rivulatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) accepted as Equulites rivulatus (Temminck & Schlegel, 1845) (synonym)
  » Species Photoplagios stercorarius (Evermann & Seale, 1907) accepted as Equulites stercorarius (Evermann & Seale, 1907) (synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh
Not documented
Description Mainly marine; some species enter freshwater. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific; one species in the Mediterranean. Strongly...  
Description Mainly marine; some species enter freshwater. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific; one species in the Mediterranean. Strongly compressed, slimy body. Scales small. Head naked, bearing bony ridges on upper surface. Gill membranes united with isthmus. Mouth small; very protractile. Pseudobranchiae absent. Dorsal fin with 8 or 9 spines that are somewhat elevated. Three spines on anal fin. Dorsal and anal fin spines with a locking mechanism. A scaly sheath at the base of dorsal and anal fins. All species have esophageal luminous organs. Also noted for their production of mucus (see common name). Common in shallow coastal waters and tidal creeks and easily caught by trawls or beach seines; important artisanal food fish. [details]
Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2021). FishBase. Leiognathidae Gill, 1893. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=125542 on 2021-07-27
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2015-04-17 08:48:21Z
changed
2021-06-30 10:54:26Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


taxonomy source Van Der Laan, R.; Eschmeyer, W. N.; Fricke, R. (2014). Family-group names of Recent fishes. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 3882(1): 1-230., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.3882.1.1 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record van der Land, J.; Costello, M.J.; Zavodnik, D.; Santos, R.S.; Porteiro, F.M.; Bailly, N.; Eschmeyer, W.N.; Froese, R. (2001). Pisces, <B><I>in</I></B>: Costello, M.J. <i>et al.</i> (Ed.) (2001). <i>European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels,</i> 50: pp. 357-374 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W. N. & Van der Laan, R. (eds). (2021). ECoF. Eschmeyer's Catalog of Fishes: Genera, Species, References. Electronic version accessed dd mmm 2021., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/Ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From other sources
Description Mainly marine; some species enter freshwater. Distribution: Indo-West Pacific; one species in the Mediterranean. Strongly compressed, slimy body. Scales small. Head naked, bearing bony ridges on upper surface. Gill membranes united with isthmus. Mouth small; very protractile. Pseudobranchiae absent. Dorsal fin with 8 or 9 spines that are somewhat elevated. Three spines on anal fin. Dorsal and anal fin spines with a locking mechanism. A scaly sheath at the base of dorsal and anal fins. All species have esophageal luminous organs. Also noted for their production of mucus (see common name). Common in shallow coastal waters and tidal creeks and easily caught by trawls or beach seines; important artisanal food fish. [details]
LanguageName 
English slipmouthsslimysponyfishes  [details]
Japanese ヒイラギ科  [details]